Altered States of Consciousness without drugs

“Although the use of psychoactive drugs can easily and profoundly change our experience of consciousness, we can also—and often more safely—alter our consciousness without drugs. These altered states of consciousness are sometimes the result of simple and safe activities, such as sleeping, watching television, exercising, or working on a task that intrigues us. In this section we consider the changes in consciousness that occur through hypnosis, sensory deprivation, and meditation, as well as through other non-drug-induced mechanisms.

“Changing Behavior Through Suggestion: The Power of Hypnosis


Franz Anton Mesmer (1734–1815) was an Austrian doctor who believed that all living bodies were filled with magnetic energy. In his practice, Mesmer passed magnets over the bodies of his patients while telling them their physical and psychological problems would disappear. The patients frequently lapsed into a trancelike state (they were said to be “mesmerized”) and reported feeling better when they awoke (Hammond, 2008). [1]


Although subsequent research testing the effectiveness of Mesmer’s techniques did not find any long-lasting improvements in his patients, the idea that people’s experiences and behaviors could be changed through the power of suggestion has remained important in psychology. James Braid, a Scottish physician, coined the term hypnosis in 1843, basing it on the Greek word for sleep (Callahan, 1997). [2]

“Hypnosis is a trance-like state of consciousness, usually induced by a procedure known as hypnotic induction, which consists of heightened suggestibility, deep relaxation, and intense focus (Nash & Barnier, 2008). [3] Hypnosis became famous in part through its use by Sigmund Freud in an attempt to make unconscious desires and emotions conscious and thus able to be considered and confronted (Baker & Nash, 2008). [4]


Because hypnosis is based on the power of suggestion, and because some people are more suggestible than others, these people are more easily hypnotized. Hilgard (1965) [5] found that about 20% of the participants he tested were entirely unsusceptible to hypnosis, whereas about 15% were highly responsive to it. The best participants for hypnosis are people who are willing or eager to be hypnotized, who are able to focus their attention and block out peripheral awareness, who are open to new experiences, and who are capable of fantasy (Spiegel, Greenleaf, & Spiegel, 2005). [6]

“People who want to become hypnotized are motivated to be good subjects, to be open to suggestions by the hypnotist, and to fulfill the role of a hypnotized person as they perceive it (Spanos, 1991). [7] The hypnotized state results from a combination of conformity, relaxation, obedience, and suggestion (Fassler, Lynn, & Knox, 2008). [8] This does not necessarily indicate that hypnotized people are “faking” or lying about being hypnotized. Kinnunen, Zamansky, and Block (1994) [9] ”

“used measures of skin conductance (which indicates emotional response by measuring perspiration, and therefore renders it a reliable indicator of deception) to test whether hypnotized people were lying about having been hypnotized. Their results suggested that almost 90% of their supposedly hypnotized subjects truly believed that they had been hypnotized.

“One common misconception about hypnosis is that the hypnotist is able to “take control” of hypnotized patients and thus can command them to engage in behaviors against their will. Although hypnotized people are suggestible (Jamieson & Hasegawa, 2007), [10] they nevertheless retain awareness and control of their behavior and are able to refuse to comply with the hypnotist’s suggestions if they so choose (Kirsch & Braffman, 2001). [11] In fact, people who have not been hypnotized are often just as suggestible as those who have been (Orne & Evans, 1965). [12]

“Another common belief is that hypnotists can lead people to forget the things that happened to them while they were hypnotized. Hilgard and Cooper (1965)[13] investigated this question and found that they could lead people who were very highly susceptible through hypnosis to show at least some signs of posthypnotic amnesia (e.g., forgetting where they had learned information that had been told to them while they were under hypnosis), but that this effect was not strong or common.

“Some hypnotists have tried to use hypnosis to help people remember events, such as childhood experiences or details of crime scenes, that they have forgotten or repressed. The idea is that some memories have been stored but can no longer be retrieved, and that hypnosis can aid in the retrieval process. But research finds that this is not successful: People who are hypnotized and then asked to relive their childhood act like children, but they do not accurately recall the things that occurred to them in their own childhood (Silverman & Retzlaff, 1986). [14] Furthermore, the suggestibility produced through hypnosis may lead people to erroneously recall experiences that they did not have (Newman & Baumeister, 1996). [15] Many states and jurisdictions have therefore banned the use of hypnosis in criminal trials because the “evidence” recovered through hypnosis is likely to be fabricated and inaccurate.

“Hypnosis is also frequently used to attempt to change unwanted behaviors, such as to reduce smoking, overeating, and alcohol abuse. The effectiveness of hypnosis in these areas is controversial, although at least some successes have been reported. Kirsch, Montgomery, and Sapirstein (1995) [16] found that that adding hypnosis to other forms of therapies increased the effectiveness of the treatment, and Elkins and Perfect (2008) [17] reported that hypnosis was useful in helping people stop smoking. Hypnosis is also effective in improving the experiences of patients who are experiencing anxiety disorders, such as PTSD (Cardena, 2000; Montgomery, David, Winkel, Silverstein, & Bovbjerg, 2002),[18] and for reducing pain (Montgomery, DuHamel, & Redd, 2000; Paterson & Jensen, 2003). [19]

Love ❤️

Laura Zukerman

Owner and Founder

At The Goddess Bibles, A Memoir

Silence and The Brain

Studies show that silence helps trigger the development of new brain cells, which develop into functional neurons. The hippocampus which is responsible for learning and processing emotions and memory; shows newly developed cells after exposure to silence.

Some people believe that silence relaxes the brain too much, whereby it may become unproductive. However, if you are in a totally silent environment the brain is still busy processing thoughts. It is also busy evaluating information.

You would have experienced this, by silently pondering and reflecting on past events. This is when your brain is not distracted by noise. This is when it can process information smoothly.

Noises stresses the brain and the body. Noise can have a negative impact on the brain. This is a result of the body releasing the stress hormone cortisol. Experts believe that the amygdala , which is situated within the brains temporal lobes; is constantly activated through the chronic production of the stress hormones.

The amygdala is the part of the brain that processes memories and emotions. Therefore, an individual living in a noisy environment is more likely to produced high levels of cortisol. It can cause distress both physically and mentally as a result of constantly induced brain activity.

Silence releases stress from the body. If noise is a problem then silence is a solution. The findings of a study that was published in the heart journal showed that two minutes of silence produced more relaxation benefits than a person listening to two minutes of music.

Noise harms cognitive functioning in the brain. Noise is harmful to a persons productivity and performance. It decreases motivation. It increases the tendency to make mistakes. Noise can have an adverse impact on the brains cognitive functioning and affects the brains ability to process memory, focus and to solve essential problems.

Noise increases risk of illness. Experts have figured out high levels of blood pressure linked to noise. Chronic exposure to noise from airports or highways. It is also linked to higher rates of heart disease, sleep loss and tinnitus.

Cortisol increasing in the body do to high levels of blood pressure and putting more stress on the body, significantly strains your body’s entire system. This results in in a high heart rate and constricting blood vessels. This is a precursor for developing heart disease.

This can also increase the risk of developing anxiety and depression. Also, unwanted behaviors of anger and or aggression.

To better understand the noise on our heart health, a study showed that being exposed to persistent noise greater than 65 decibels , affected the cardiovascular system.

65 decibels is the background noise in a restaurant. 86 decibels is approximately the noise a blender would create.

❤️🎁

Laura Zukerman

Owner and Founder At The Goddess Bibles A Memoir By Laura Zukerman

Becoming Your Inner Goddess

Goddess on Fire 🔥

By being happy and grateful for whatever comes


  • All we want is to be happy in life. Happiness is not only what we feel when we have what we desire, it is also the very emotion that attracts what we desire to us. It is much easier to manifest our intentions if we stop focusing on intending but instead we focus on just being happy with what is. Focus less on asking the universe for this or that and more on just being grateful for whatever comes. We will feel such sweet and true joy when we enjoy the present fully than by trying to create for the future.

  • Many a times, we sabotage the manifestation of our intentions unknowingly by focusing too much on intending. The truth is that focusing on our intentions too much only reinforces the fact that they do not exist, therefore we are trying to manifest them. The idea that you must focus on your intentions all the time is a fallacy. To manifest our desires, you have to be in vibrational harmony with the realization of our desires, which means you must think, feel and act as if your desires have already manifested.

  • If you already had all your desires manifested, you wouldn’t be trying to manifest anything, but you would be enjoying and being grateful for all that you have. You would feel totally happy and joyful about the way your life is. You would totally love your life. That is exactly the state for you to be in right now if you want to be in vibrational harmony with all your dreams and desires. This is the secret key all along. It is about not trying to manifest at all but to allow yourself to be as happy as you can be.

  • We have this idea of learning all that we can about how to manifest our desires and wondering why we still fail to manifest as much as we want or as quickly as we want it. We don’t realize that we are doing it all wrong. When we try to create something, we are saying that something is lacking. We are trying to change the way things are because things are not acceptable the way they are. What happens is that we are actually creating more of the same situations of not having what we are trying to create.
    The paradox of this is that we only start creating the things we do want to create when we stop trying to create them. This is why giving up and surrendering our desires to the universe or letting go and letting go is the step for miracles to finally happen. We stop trying to do anything and we affirm that all is well and everything is fine the way it is. When we give up trying to change things and just accept the way it is, almost instantly or within a very short time we see our desire show up into our lives like magic.
    So instead of trying to change things and trying to create what you want, allow yourself to unconditionally love and totally accept yourself and the way things are. See that the universe is perfect and that there is nothing wrong with it. When you do this, you are coming from a place of sufficiency and wholeness instead of a place of lack and wanting.
  • In manifesting, we begin with experiencing the end result. The beginning and the end are the same when you feel you have what you desire and actually have it.
    We tend to miss the joy and happiness of what we have when we are caught up in the problems of life and thinking about what is not there yet or what could be better. We don’t have to realize what we have only when it is taken from us. Cherish every good thing that is present in our lives now to the fullest. You would be really happy if you knew what you desire is already here or is certainly on its way. Joy is what happens to us when we allow ourselves to recognize how good things really are.

  • Rather than intending for something because it isn’t there, you trust and be grateful that all your desires are already granted. Rather than trying to create anything, you are simply doing what brings you joy. You are simply doing what you enjoy and not because you want to produce something. Although you do want to produce something, your main focus and the basis of doing it is because it is what you enjoy, and the production of it is a secondary priority. This is how you are happily creating.
    When you ask and believe that you have received what you asked for, you would not be striving and struggling to have it. When you know you are already assured of having what you ask for and that it is irreversibly and totally reserved and secured for you, you would be happy, at peace and confidently expecting it rather than worrying and wondering if it is really there or if it will be taken away. You experience more freedom in life and in creating when you allow yourself to be carefree.

  • Remember that if you already had all your desires manifested, you wouldn’t be trying to manifest anything, but you would be enjoying and being grateful for all that you have. This is exactly the state for you to be in right now if you want to be in vibrational harmony with all your dreams and desires. Rather than trying to intend and manifest, focus more on being grateful for whatever comes your way. Focus on enjoying the present fully. In the end, it’s all about two words. Be happy.

❤️

Laura Zukerman

Owner and Founder At The Goddess Bibles A Memoir By Laura Zukerman

Becoming Your Inner Goddess

Goddess on 🔥

Healing by Making Happy and Restoring Wholeness

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Have a Strong Reality to be Unaffected By Others!

Some content on this page was disabled on 6/3/19 as a result of a DMCA takedown notice from Enoch Tan. You can learn more about the DMCA here:

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