“Humans possess powerful sensory capacities that allow us to sense the kaleidoscope of sights, sounds, smells, and tastes that surround us. Our eyes detect light energy and our ears pick up sound waves. Our skin senses touch, pressure, hot, and cold. Our tongues react to the molecules of the foods we eat, and our noses detect scents in the air. The human perceptual system is wired for accuracy, and people are exceedingly good at making use of the wide variety of information available to them (Stoffregen & Bardy, 2001).  In many ways our senses are quite remarkable. The human eye can detect the equivalent of a single candle flame burning 30 miles away and can distinguish among more than 300,000 different colors. The human ear can detect sounds as low as 20 hertz (vibrations per second) and as high as 20,000 hertz, and it can hear the tick of a clock about 20 feet away in a quiet room. We can taste a teaspoon of sugar dissolved in 2 gallons of water, and we are able to smell one drop of perfume diffused in a three-room apartment. We can feel the wing of a bee on our cheek dropping from a centimeter above.
“Although there is much that we do sense, there is even more that we do not. Dogs, bats, whales, and some rodents all have much better hearing than we do, and many animals have a far richer sense of smell. Birds are able to see the ultraviolet light that we cannot (see Figure 4.3 “Ultraviolet Light and Bird Vision”) and can also sense the pull of the earth’s magnetic field. Cats have an extremely sensitive and sophisticated sense of touch, and they are able to navigate in complete darkness using their whiskers. The fact that different organisms have different sensations is part of their evolutionary adaptation. Each species is adapted to sensing the things that are most important to them, while being blissfully unaware of the things that don’t matter.
During those times you get knocked off the horse, it may take a few days for you to recover and gain some confidence back. The worst thing to do here is stop pushing. As soon as you’re ready, go back out and try again; and even though it may feel like you’ve been sent right back to the beginning, you’ll quickly realise all the progress you made is still there. Sure, you may want to dabble in a few of your baby steps again just to get going, but this time you’ll sail through them because you already did them so often that they no longer trigger overly bad responses. You may even skip your very first baby steps because they seem so redundant now, and by the end of the day or a couple of days you’ll be right back to where you were before and ready to push on again.”
“In truth, those bad days aren’t necessarily even that bad. When you’re focused on moving forward, a bad moment becomes just an annoying setback rather than a defining part of you. Let’s say you’ve been pushing for a few days and then you suddenly get hit by a big moment. It might wipe you out for a week and you just want to relax and recoup for a bit (my own moments always used to wipe me out for a week when I first started). That’s fine as long as you get back on the horse again once you’re ready. Sooner or later, these bad moments will set you back only a few days before you’re ready to go again; then it’ll be one day; then it’ll be a few hours; and eventually you may suffer a moment, need to sit down somewhere quiet to recover for a second, and then once it passes you’ll feel ready to go again straight away, mere minutes later.”
“Despite the differences in their interests, areas of study, and approaches, all psychologists have one thing in common: They rely on scientific methods. Research psychologists use scientific methods to create new knowledge about the causes of behavior, whereas psychologist- practitioners, such as clinical, counseling, industrial-organizational, and school psychologists, use existing research to enhance the everyday life of others. The science of psychology is important for both researchers and practitioners. In a sense all humans are scientists. We all have an interest in asking and answering questions about our world. We want to know why things happen, when and if they are likely to happen again, and how to reproduce or change them. Such knowledge enables us to predict our own behavior and that of others. We may even collect data (i.e., any information collected through formal observation or measurement) to aid us in this undertaking. It has been argued that people are “everyday scientists” who conduct research projects to answer questions about behavior (Nisbett & Ross, 1980).
“Levels of Explanation in Psychology The study of psychology spans many different topics at many different levels of explanation, which are the perspectives that are used to understand behavior. Lower levels of explanation are more closely tied to biological influences, such as genes, neurons, neurotransmitters, and hormones, whereas the middle levels of explanation refer to the abilities and characteristics of individual people, and the highest levels of explanation relate to social groups, organizations, and cultures (Cacioppo, Berntson, Sheridan, & McClintock, 2000). 
“The same topic can be studied within psychology at different levels of explanation, as shownin Figure 1.3 “Levels of Explanation”. For instance, the psychological disorder known as depression affects millions of people worldwide and is known to be caused by biological, social, and cultural factors. Studying and helping alleviate depression can be accomplished at low levels of explanation by investigating how chemicals in the brain influence the experience of depression. This approach has allowed psychologists to develop and prescribe drugs, such as Prozac, which may decrease depression in many individuals (Williams, Simpson, Simpson, & Nahas, 2009). ”
“At the middle levels of explanation, psychological therapy is directed at helping individuals cope with negative life experiences that may cause depression. And at the highest level, psychologists study differences in the prevalence of depression between men and women and across cultures. The occurrence of psychological disorders, including depression, is substantially higher for women than for men, and it is also higher in Western cultures, such as in the United States, Canada, and Europe, than in Eastern cultures, such as in India, China, and Japan (Chen, Wang, Poland, & Lin, 2009; Seedat et al., 2009).  These sex and cultural differences provide insight into the factors that cause depression. The study of depression in psychology helps remind us that no one level of explanation can explain everything. All levels of explanation, from biological to personal to cultural, are essential for a better understanding of human behavior.”
“Thoughts do have physical power, but they must be combined with strong emotion for them to have a significant impact on your physical reality. Emotion amplifies the frequency that is broadcast into the universe, and thus creates change more rapidly. Think of it like a magnet. The stronger the emotion, the stronger the magnet. You have the choice of whether you want this magnet to attract positive situations or negative ones. It is all determined by the nature of your thoughts. Your goal should be to think extremely positive thoughts that create positive emotions. Now that you have somewhat of an understanding of the science behind the law of attraction, let me explain it in more practical terms.”
“When you think positive thoughts, you feel good. When you feel good, you have more energy, are more forward-thinking, have more confidence in your abilities, and naturally take more action towards your goals. A negative mindset will never serve you, because it will prevent you from taking any action towards your goals. If you want to live all your wildest dreams and achieve everything you are capable of achieving, then you must learn to think in a positive, optimistic manner 100% of the time. This means that you must believe that it is possible to achieve greater things. You must not view anyone as above you. You must see yourself as the greatest. Always remember that you are powerful beyond measure.”
“Some people think that it’s arrogant to think so highly of yourself and that it’s more virtuous to be humble, but who says you can’t do both? Just because you have unfailing belief in yourself doesn’t mean that you have to flaunt it and tell the world how great you are. Your positive attitude will show through your actions, and others will know how great you are just by the way you carry yourself. Never let anyone convince you that it’s okay to stoop to the level of others. Successful people never remain amongst the “common thinkers.” Successful people believe that they can achieve absolutely anything, and that is what sets them apart. Think like a successful person, and you will have no choice but to become successful.”
“Consciousness is the personal awareness of the functioning of the internal control mechanism. It fulfils a dual role; it confirms the existence of the Soul and it provides feedback of how well human behaviour conforms to the dictates of the internal control mechanism. This feedback may cause feelings ranging from extreme happiness to the deepest disappointment and unhappiness depending on the level of conformance of the human actions to the dictates of the Soul. Without Consciousness one would not be aware of the functioning or existence of the Soul!
With the definition of basic concepts completed, let us examine in greater detail the overall interaction and the outcomes resulting from the co-operation between these various elements of human existence.”
“The two concepts of “Mind” and “Soul” in conjunction with the human body determine how the behaviour of an individual appears or manifests itself to other people. The Mind representing the imagination, creativity and the individual’s internal energy, enjoys, in theory, every possible freedom; unrestricted extent to imagine, design and contemplate anything and everything it desires! In principle, there is no shred of evidence that a physical or metaphysical power exists with the capability to limit the extent of this inherent natural right to freedom. Yet as it will soon be seen, human inventiveness has found ways and methods to influence the exercising of this freedom in such a way as to be equivalent to applying restrictions to its expression.”
“It is clear from the definition that the Mind on its own does not posses the capability to implement or transform its creations, imaginations and designs into reality. The actual transformation and interface with the environment, is undertaken by the physical housing of the human existence which is none other than the human body. If therefore the body had the freedom and power to act as per the demands of the Mind then the whole planet would have been similar to an ancient Roman arena and everyone would have been in conflict with everyone else because with all people having more or less similar wants, desires and objectives the resultant confusion, destruction and in-fighting would have been beyond description.”
“The human Soul: It is the internal control mechanism consisting of a collection of rules and regulations which define the limits within which human behaviour should stay in order to conform to the requirements of interaction with other human beings and the environment in general. It can be considered as a sort of adjudicator of the suitability of activities proposed by the Mind. As stated earlier, the Soul has only an advisory role and its function is restricted to filtering proposals from the Mind by checking them against the framework of rules and regulations which have been accepted by the individual as representing the laws and references according to which the individual wants to adjust his or her behaviour. In other words, that which is called personality or character of an individual is the result of the public demonstration of the internal set of references comprising the individual’s Soul. That is why sometimes one may hear the saying” this person has no Soul” referring to a person who behaves outside of the acceptable norms of the society in which one belongs. The importance of the Soul in the expression of human behaviour is vital and critical. If for whatever reason the references used by the Soul are corrupted or false, or the link of communication between the Soul and the Mind is severed, then human behaviour will be either uncontrolled or will present serious deviation from the generally acceptable behaviour. In the discussion which follows in later chapters of this book, the organisation of references and the integrity of the Soul will be examined in greater detail. The last concept which needs to be defined is the one commonly known as “Consciousness”
“The human Mind- Many times people confuse the words “mind “and “brain” and use them in an interchangeable manner which strictly speaking is not correct. The brain is a physical organ which carries out specific processes under a fixed regime of rules producing outcomes based on the data it receives from the body sensors. But the brain is not capable of determining, on its own, either the task to be performed or the purpose which will be served by such performance. This is where the concept of human Mind enters the discussion. In simple terms one could think of the Mind as being the combination of a physical entity, the brain and the entity commonly referred to as human Spirit. This Spirit is the internal energy and driving force behind one’s creativity and imagination. It enjoys every possible freedom to direct the brain’s tasks towards imagining, conceptualizing, designing and creating anything which is within the limits of “logic” and the limits of “possibility”. One will be correct in considering the Spirit to be the motivator and initiator of every single human activity, thought or imagination. Utilising the capability of the brain, the wants, desires or designs of the Spirit are processed in a logical sequence and they are transformed, if possible, into tangible and defined outcomes. It is obvious that without either the brain or the Spirit the Mind has no meaning, or substance. A brain on its own cannot produce any outcomes because it lacks the energy and the motivation which can only be provided by the Spirit. Similarly the Spirit on its own is unable to logically process any sort of data or input because it lacks the processing capability. But these two elements together form a completely functioning unit which in the final analysis provides the distinction between higher and lower forms of life, with the differentiating characteristic being that of “reasoning” and “creating”. It is important to remember that as far as the internal processes are concerned they are hidden from any outside observer and the only one aware of their existence and outcomes is the person whose Mind produced these outcomes. In turn, the Mind on its own is incapable of communicating anything to the outside world and therefore it is in need of two things; the first one is the assistance of the physical body, which is the interface between the human being and its environment; the second thing needed is a control mechanism which regulates and adjusts human behaviour so that it conforms to the the rules and requirements of the particular environment. It must be pointed out that this control mechanism acts in an advisory capacity to the Mind and it does not posses a direct link to any functions of the human body. It is generally referred to as the human Soul”
¶ Now what is it that causes some to have ambition and others to lack it?
Your ambitions take the form determined by your predominating physiological system. For instance, in every great singer the Thoracic has been present either as the first or second element.
The effect of the physical upon our talents is no more marked anywhere than here. For it is his unusual lung power, his high chest, the sounding boards in his nose section and his superior vocal cords that make the real foundation of every singer’s fame. These physiological conditions are found in extreme degree only in persons of thoracic tendencies.
It was the great lung-power of Caruso that made him a great singer. It was his remarkable heart-power that brought him through an illness in February, 1921, when every newspaper in the world carried on its front page the positive statement that he could not live another day. That he lived for six months afterward was due chiefly to his remarkable heart.
The nature resulting from a large heart and large lungs is one distinctly different from all others—in short, the Thoracic nature.
“The Best Dressed ¶ The best dressed man and the best dressed woman in your town belong predominantly to this type. This is no accident. The Thoracics, being possessed of acute eye senses, are more sensitive to color and line than any other type. These are the foundations of “style” and artistic grooming.
Clothes Can Unmake the Man ¶ Being desirous of the approval of others and realizing that though clothes do not make the man they can unmake him, this type looks to his laurels on this point.
Because clothes determine the first impressions we make upon strangers and because that impression is difficult to change, clothes are of vast importance in this maze of human relationships.
The Thoracic is more sensitive to the attitude of others because their attitude is more vital to his self-expression. He senses from childhood the bearing that clothes have for or against him in the opinion of others and how they can aid him to express his personality.”
“The Glass of Fashion ¶ The Thoracic therefore often becomes “the glass of fashion and the mold of form.” His consciousness of himself is so keen that, even when alone, he prefers those things in dress which are at once fine, fancy and fashionable.
Some types are indifferent to clothes, some ignorant of clothes and some defiant in their clothes but the Thoracic always has a keen sense of fitness in the matter of apparel.
Distinction in Dress ¶ The distinctive dresser is one who essays the extremely fashionable, the “last moment” touch. He is always a step or two ahead of the times. His ties, handbags, handkerchiefs and stick pins are “up to the minute.” Such a man or woman invariably has a large thoracic development and is well repaid by the public for his pains.
Dress the Universal Language ¶ The public looks more eagerly than we suppose to changes in styles and fads. It gives, in spite of itself, instantaneous admiration of a sort to those who follow the dictates of fashion. This being one of the quickest roads to adulation, it is often utilized by this type.”
“The Newest in Hairdressing ¶ The latest thing in coiffures is always known by the Thoracic woman. And because she is, more often than any other type, a beautiful woman she can wear her hair in almost any style and find it becoming.
So when puffs were the thing this type of woman not only wore puffs but the most extreme and numerous puffs. When the “sticking-to-the-face” style was in vogue she bought much bandoline and essayed the sleekest and shiniest head of all. When the ear-bun raged she changed those same paper-like curls over night into veritable young sofa cushions.”
“Always on “Dress Parade” ¶ With intent to keep the spotlight on himself the Thoracic is always on dress parade. He is vividly aware of himself; he knows what kind of picture he is making. He is seldom “self-conscious,” in the sense of being timid. When he does happen to be timid he suffers, by reason of his greater desire for approval, more acutely than any other type.”
“Do you know that a great many of us do not actually breathe properly? It is one of the most important elements of life, otherwise, without the breath, we cannot live. Breathing may be an automatic function and a vital one, why then do we spend so much of our time shallow breathing? When we breathe in an unmindful way, we often fail to fill our lungs fully as we only using the upper part, but like anything, our lungs must be worked. Shallow breathing limits the range of motion of the diaphragm, and this can make you feel anxious and, as if you do not have sufficient breath.
We need oxygen for every single cell in the body. Inhalation and exhalation impact the heart and lungs but also, is essential for energy production. Your body’s tissues and organs are made up of cells, and they must receive the right nutrients and oxygen to function correctly.”
“How often do we pay attention to how we breathe? We don’t really, until we succumb to colds or chest infections. There’s little attention paid to our respiratory system. It’s only when you struggle to breathe that you realize just how important it is. If you consider that your nose, windpipe, lungs, circulatory system and the muscles all provide the vital role of transporting those all-important breaths that you take, each part of the body’s systems are inter-linked, but without breath, the body fails to exist.
Dr. Herbert Benson wrote about controlled breathing in his book The Relaxation Response which discussed the oxygen exchange i.e. oxygen being inhaled while carbon dioxide is released. He stated that by controlling breathing, it centers the parasympathetic nervous system which counteracts the body’s fight or flight response. So, this means that by focusing on the breath, it’s possible to de-stress and to manage any anxieties (and anxiousness equates to shallow, rapid breaths). But it also increased brain growth and lowered blood pressure and heart rate. Research endorses this argument and so, yes, focus, breathe correctly, and be healthy.”
“Our breathing is either: Thoracic or diaphragmatic Interrupted or continuous Irregular or rhythmical
Paying attention to how you breathe is important, but it’s also relevant to consider that your breathing is affected by your emotional or physical well-being. Think back to a time when you were angry, fearful or sad, these emotions would have affected your breathing. As you try to recall the memory, tune into the physicality’s of the moment. What was your breathing like? It’s important for you to determine if you have emotional triggers which will interrupt the natural process of breathing. Awareness is key because you can then re-train automatic responses, breathing correctly while improving your health.”
“Have a go at monitoring your breathing for a while and notice if you are guilty of shallow breathing all the time. It’s easy to correct so don’t worry if you do this. It’s very easy to fit some techniques into your daily life and, if you feel anxious at any point or fearful, know that when you focus on your breathing, you can reduce this feeling. The breath has such a calming effect. When I’ve been fraught with tension and have been worrying like mad about things, I found that by taking slow, deep breaths and focusing on the inhalation and exhalation, it really works. If you tune into the breath and focus, you can’t worry about anything else. There are so many symptoms associated with anxiety and these include:
Feeling faint Racing heartbeat Feeling lightheaded Chest pains”
“We’ve already discussed the connection between the mind and the body and so, it won’t surprise you to know that if you start feeling anxious, it’s possible to experience severe physical reactions. It’s true to say that some people are even hospitalized because they feel they might be having a heart attack. Many symptoms occur through shallow breathing. In fact, anxiety and shallow breathing go hand in hand. This is because the individual takes in only small breaths during any anxiety attack instead of breathing all the way to the bottom of their lungs. Shallow breathing may not be dangerous as such, but you can bet that it’s not good for you.
With shallow breathing, there’s often a need to take deeper breaths, simply because you are not getting in sufficient oxygen levels. Have you ever noticed that people start yawning to compensate on a subconscious level? It is the easy way to obtain sufficient oxygen and promote healing from within. Take 3 or 4 deep breaths and then go back to breathing normally, just do this more often that’s all.
“Feelings of anxiety promote the activation of our body’s fight or flight system. By its design, it is meant to keep you from safe from any danger. So, if you are faced with a dangerous situation, your heartbeat naturally speeds up, and you start to breathe faster, so to get more oxygen in your system ready for either fighting or fleeing from the situation. This, of course, makes sense.
But anyone who suffers from anxiety is probably not facing any actual danger but the body still reacts exactly as if they are. Of course, we all suffer from moments of anxiousness from time to time. Our errant thoughts can run astray and make us hypersensitive as to all the numerous things that could go wrong in life, and don’t we always think the worst? Left unchecked, this can develop into some sort of anxiety disorder, and you don’t want that.”
“When this happens, your body consistently starts to release adrenaline, behaving as if you are in a terrifying and life-threatening situation. The chances are you are not in a life-threatening situation, but your stress response activates anyway. You will breathe more rapidly but shallowly. In a panic attack, the individual can end up hyperventilating. Let’s dismiss one myth here when you breathe shallowly, it does not mean that you need to increase your oxygen levels. Actually, it is the opposite. It means that you are over-breathing, shallow rapid breaths and exhaling carbon dioxide far too quickly before your body can make more. Let’s consider the importance of breathing correctly. Inhale, and oxygen levels increase. But carbon dioxide actually takes time to develop and so, when the breath is shallow, you emit more CO2 than your body creates. It is this that will eventually lead to hyperventilation.
Now, as you hyperventilate, your body feels as if it is not getting sufficient levels of oxygen. Therefore, you start to take even more quick breaths in as you’ll feel panicky and of course, this makes it worse. Hyperventilation will lead to other side-effects including:
Surprisingly, shallow breathing is one of the most important things to control, and if you can understand how shallow breathing is connected to anxiety, it makes it so much easier to deal with it.
Slow breathing You may not want to slow your breathing down during an anxiety attack, but it is important to fight the urge to take deep, fast breaths but instead, just to slow down the breathing cycle. To do so, focus on your breathing and make each breath deliberate. Counting can help, and you should inhale for 5 seconds, hold the breath for 2 seconds and then, slowly breathe out for an extended period, for 6 to 7 seconds.”
“Some people seem to find it easier to cope in life, have you ever wondered why? I found myself doing just this. My findings were surprising. Research led by Harvard University, the University of Oregon and the University of Texas revealed that very effective leaders all share a similar mindset but, not just this, they also share similar hormone levels. The more powerful the leader, the higher the levels of testosterone.
This simply means that those with higher levels of testosterone are naturally primed to be more assertive, relaxed and confident. They will be less reactive to stressors and be able to handle the bombardment of pressure quite well. In addition, there’s one physical cue which impacts both hormones and that’s body language. So, if you can improve your body language, you will naturally increase testosterone while decreasing cortisone levels and this means, less stress but more confidence.
This leads me directly into power body poses. Power poses are intriguing. Amy Cuddy is a researcher based at Harvard University and she and her team have identified that different body positions equate to high power or low power poses. High power poses tend to be open and relaxed while low power poses will be closed off and guarded.
“They studied the impact of these poses in a research study on 42 students. Saliva was taken from each of them and cortisone levels and testosterone levels were then measured. Afterwards, each person was asked to sit in either high power or low power poses for approximately 2 minutes. After which, an additional sample saliva was taken and cortisone and testosterone levels were measured yet again.
The results were stunning. High power poses serve to increase testosterone by approximately 20% and they found that cortisone levels decreased by 25%. When you consider the ability to exude confidence and cope with daily pressures, this is significant. Try this well-known and versatile power pose so you can see what I mean. Its nickname is ‘The Wonder Woman’ pose and, you simply stand tall, with chest out and hands on the hips. It’s certainly a power stance and irrespective of its name, it is just as important to men as it is to women. Try it now and then see how you feel afterwards.”
“I mentioned before that our body language speaks volumes about us. If you are a little worried as to those secretive body language communications, try to build in some body language checks each day and insert a higher power pose into your routine each morning for approximately 2 or 3 minutes. When you do so, close your eyes, breathing in deeply for a count of 3, you can hold the breath for just a second and then, breathe out fully for a count of 5. If this is difficult, you can reduce the count – say for 2, 1 and 4 counts. You can also combine breathing exercises with power poses for maximum benefits. I use power poses with meditation at the start of my day and I feel great afterwards.
As you are only investing a couple of minutes, you will have time for it. Body language is important but it’s not everything. One thing for sure is that confidence affects both your mind and body. Your personality and emotional state of mind will no doubt affect your levels of confidence but improving your body language by taking up one of the power poses, will certainly increase physical presence and make you feel so much better. You can use these power poses quickly and efficiently in every situation.
Think about a difficult presentation in front of your boss or colleagues. Imagine you are waiting to be called in and you start to feel nervous and your hands are sweating. Find a quiet space and take a moment to adjust your posture. Put your hands on your hips, keep your chin up, have your chest out and visualize the pose. If you can just do this for a couple of minutes before you attend your meeting or your interview, your testosterone levels will increase as will your confidence. You will also naturally and quickly lower your stress levels.”
Our mind and body are connected. It’s true. Although many people think that they are separate, they actually hold great influence over each other. When you work on one aspect of self, you impact the other. Let me explain this. Have you ever felt really nervous? I know I have. Your mind may race, and your nerves jangle and these thoughts and feelings manifest on a physical level too. Have you ever experienced that dry mouth and headache when you were nervous and worried about what was to come?
It’s important to understand the mind and body connection. Let’s say you are waiting to be interviewed for a job and you become so nervous and are worried about your abilities. Let’s face it. It’s easy to be plagued by qualms and to start running a negative script in your mind. But think back to that experience, I bet it wasn’t just your mind that was affected but your body too. You may have felt a little nauseous while your tummy did somersaults and maybe, you even started sweating a bit. This proves that your thoughts and your emotions affect you on a physical level.
“If you feel stressed or have unresolved issues, they will only play havoc with your mind and body. If thoughts are negative, you really must identify and resolve them as it could lead to unhealthy behaviors and, you may even find you become unwell or ill. Of course, I am not implying that every single illness or accident that occurs is because of your mindset, but believe me, it plays a significant role. If you can understand this, you will be able to take greater control of your life.
Try thinking of your life as a big jigsaw puzzle, this really worked for me. I looked at each aspect of my life, breaking key elements into smaller pieces. I did this and learned that each part of my life had a significant role to play. When one part didn’t function well, it affected everything else. You cannot ignore the importance of your thoughts and feelings and how they manifest within the physical body.
Repressed memories may suddenly manifest into thoughts. When this happens, these are powerful and can have a far-reaching effect. It is important to deal with repressed emotions and seriously, having awareness gives you an advantage.
“When I was trying out As If, I took the time to think about my learned behaviors, those gleaned through parental advice or, through witnessing behaviors. I also looked at my personal experiences. I did this because when events occur, we react by way of information and experiences, these become reference points for our actions. If you can change these behaviors or experiences, if you can use As If to make your response to any situation more positive, boy, will you notice a significant difference. Simply, it becomes a reference point for your mind. As If can be used at any time and in any place.
Let’s consider that you have some seriously challenging situations ahead of you. You may feel unconfident and doubtful and in some cases, perhaps that dreaded job interview, you may even be filled with dread. If you can tap into the ‘As If’ system and start to act as if you are confident, your thoughts will naturally become more positive. You’ll visualize strong images of how you want to think and act. Once you start to feel more confident, your actions become instinctive and learned.”
“You’ll learn to understand your thoughts and be in control, readily identifying the inner two-way communication and making it work for you. Let’s be clear here. Your mind is powerful, and once you tame your thoughts and use your mind in the best way possible, you’ll improve your life.”
“When you are alert and ready for anything in life, your posture is also likely to be good. When you are less than alert or feeling down, you are likely to adopt poor posture. Try adjusting your posture, do it right now, sit up straight and pull those shoulders back. I bet you start to feel better immediately.
There have been many experiments into body language and so this is not me just saying it. Psychologists discovered that emotions may also have a strong connection with specific body postures. During these experiments, people were asked to generate a strong negative emotion – let’s use fear as an example and to place their body in a position that for them, depicted fear. When they had done so, they were asked to remain in this position but to also try to generate happiness, they found it much harder to do so. So, this links body posture to emotions. It’s impossible to not get stressed from time to time.
We all know that life is stressful at times, but, the lesson of the day is that it’s how you deal with it that is the most important. Have you ever noticed that some people do not seem to react to daily stressors? They just deal with it… right? Think about a time when you have felt highly stressed and perhaps the outcome was not so good. Afterwards, we often have to deal with regret or, kick ourselves when we respond badly, but our responses are fueled by our learned behaviors, our thoughts and feelings. When using body language, breathing techniques and As If, we can change our actions.
If you had to face a similarly difficult situation next time, and used the ‘as if’ process, you would be able to outwardly project very different emotions, feelings and actions and, nip any damaging thoughts in the bud.”
“Find Your Own Type ¶ The first problem of your happiness is to find out what type you are yourself—which you will know after reading this book—and to build your future accordingly.
Knowing and Helping Others ¶ The second is to learn how to analyze others to the end that your relationships with them may be harmonious and mutually advantageous.
Take every individual according to the way he was born, accept him as that kind of mechanism and deal with him in the manner befitting that mechanism. In this way and this only will you be able to impress or to help others.
In this way only will you be able to achieve real success. In this way only will you be able to help your fellowman find the work, the environment and the marriage wherein he can be happy and successful.
The Four C’s ¶ To get the maximum of pleasure and knowledge out of this interesting course there are four things to remember as your part of the contract.
“Read Concentratedly ¶ Think of what you are reading while you are reading it. Concentration is a very simple thing. The next C is
Observe Carefully ¶ Look at people carefully (but not starefully) when analyzing them. Don’t jump at conclusions. We humans have a great way of twisting facts to fit our conclusion as soon as we have made one. But don’t spend all your time getting ready to decide and forget to decide at all, like the man who was going to jump a ditch. He ran so far back to get a good start each time that he never had the strength to jump when he got there. Get a good start by observing carefully. Then
Decide Confidently ¶ Be sure you are right and then go ahead. Make a decision and make it with the confidence that you are right. If you will determine now to follow this rule it will compel you to follow the first two because, in order to be sure you are right, to be certain you are not misjudging anybody, you will read each rule concentratedly and observe each person carefully beforehand.
“Practise Constantly ¶ “Practice makes perfect.” Take this for your motto if you would become expert in analyzing people. It is one easily followed for you come in contact with people everywhere—at home, amongst your business associates, with your friends and on the street. Remember you can only benefit from a thing as you use it. A car that you never took out of the garage would be of no value to you. So get full value out of this course by using it at all times.”
“Five Biological Types
¶ Human Analysis differs from every other system of character analysis in that it classifies man, for the first time, into five types according to his biological evolution.
¶ It deals with man in the light of the most recent scientific discoveries. It estimates each individual according to his “human” qualities rather than his “character” or so-called “moral” qualities. In other words, it takes his measure as a human being and determines from his externals his chances for success in the world of today.
These Rules Work
¶ Every rule in this book is based on scientific data, has been proved to be accurate by investigations and surveys of all kinds of people in all parts of the world.
These rules do not work merely part of the time. They work all the time, under all conditions and apply to every individual of every race, every color, every country, every community and every family.
Through this latest human science you can learn to read people as easily as you read books—if you will take the little time and pains to learn the rules which compose your working alphabet.
“Do What We Want to Do
¶ It is easy to know what an individual will do under most circumstances because every human being does what he wants to do in the way he prefers to do it most of the time. If you doubt it try this test: bring to mind any intimate friends, or even that husband or wife, and note how few changes they have made in their way of doing things in twenty years!
¶ Every human being is born with preferences and predilections which manifest themselves from earliest childhood to death. These inborn tendencies are never obliterated and seldom controlled to any great extent, and then only by individuals who have learned the power of the mind over the body. Inasmuch as this knowledge is possessed by only a few, most of the people of the earth are blindly following the dictates of their inborn leanings.
Follow Our Bents
¶ In other words, more than ninety-nine per cent of all the people you know are following their natural bents in reacting to all their experiences—from the most trivial incidents to the most far-reaching emergencies.”
“Took It” from Grandmother
¶ The individual is seldom conscious of these habitual acts of his, much less of where he got them. The nearest he comes is to say he “got it from his father” or “she takes it from grandmother.” But where did grandmother get it?
Man No Mystery
¶ Science has taken the trouble to investigate and today we know not only where grandmother got it but what she did with it. She got it along with her size, shape and structure—in other words, from her type—and she did just what you and everybody else does with his type-characteristics. She acted in accordance with her type just as a canary sings like a canary instead of talking like a parrot, and just as a rose gives off rose perfume instead of violet.
This law holds throughout every species and explains man—who likes to think himself a deep mystery—as it explains every other creature.
The Hold of Habit
¶ Look around you in shop, office, field or home and you will find that the quick, alert, impulsive man is acting quickly, alertly and impulsively most of the time. Nothing less than a calamity slows him
“down and then only temporarily; while the slow, patient, mild and passive individual is acting slowly, patiently, mildly and passively in spite of all goads. Some overwhelming passion or crisis may speed him up momentarily but as soon as it fades he reverts to his old slow habits.
Significance of Fat, Bone and Muscle
¶ Human Analysis is the new science which shows you how to recognize the slow man, the quick man, the stubborn man, the yielding man, the leader, the learner, and all other basic kinds of men on sight from the shape, size and structure of their bodies.
Certain bodily shapes indicate predispositions to fatness, leanness, boniness, muscularity and nervousness, and this predisposition is so much a part of the warp and woof of the individual that he can not disguise it. The urge given him by this inborn mechanism is so strong as to be practically irresistible. Every experience of his life calls forth some kind of reaction and invariably the reaction will be similar, in every vital respect, to the reactions of other people who have bodies of the same general size, shape and structure as his own.”
“Reading People ¶ Learning to read men and women is a more delightful process than learning to read books, for every person you see is a true story, more romantic and absorbing than any ever bound in covers.
Learning to read people is also a simpler process than learning to read books because there are fewer letters in the human alphabet. Though man seems to the untrained eye a mystifying mass of “funny little marks,” he is not now difficult to analyze.
Only a Few Feelings ¶ This is because there are after all but a few kinds of human feelings. Some form of hunger, love, hate, fear, hope or ambition gives rise to every human emotion and every human thought.”
“Thoughts Bring Actions ¶ Now our actions follow our thoughts. Every thought, however transitory, causes muscular action, which leaves its trace in that part of the physical organism which is most closely allied to it.
Physiology and Psychology Interwoven ¶ Look into the mirror the next time you are angry, happy, surprised, tired or sorrowful and note the changes wrought by your emotions in your facial muscles.
Constant repetition of the same kinds of thoughts or emotions finally makes permanent changes in that part of the body which is physiologically related to these mental processes.
The Evolution of the Jaw ¶ The jaw is a good illustration of this alliance between the mind and the body. Its muscles and bones are so closely allied to the pugnacity instinct center in the brain that the slightest thought of combat causes the jaw muscles to stiffen. Let the thought of any actual physical encounter go through your mind and your jaw bone will automatically move upward and outward.
After a lifetime of combat, whether by fists or words, the jaw sets permanently a little more upward and outward—a little more like that of the bulldog. It keeps to this combative mold, “because,” says Mother Nature, the great efficiency expert, “if you are going to call on me constantly to stiffen that jaw I’ll fix it so it will stay that way and save myself the trouble.”
“Inheritance of Acquired Traits ¶ Thus the more combative jaw, having become permanent in the man’s organism, can be passed on to his children.
¶ Right here comes a most interesting law and one that has made possible the science of Human Analysis:
Law of Size ¶ The larger any part or organ the better its equipment for carrying out the work of that organ and the more does it tend to express itself. Nature IS an efficiency expert and doesn’t give you an oversupply of anything without demanding that you use it.
Jaws Becoming Smaller ¶ Our ancestors developed massive jaws as a result of constant combat. As fast as civilization decreased the necessity for combat Nature decreased the size of the average human jaw.
Meaning of the Big Jaw ¶ But wherever you see a large protruding jaw you see an individual “armed and engined,” for some kind of fighting. The large jaw always goes with a combative nature, whether it is found on a man or a woman, a child, a pugilist or a minister.”
“Exhibit a—The Irishman ¶ The large jaw, therefore, is seen to be both a result and a cause of certain things. As the inheritance of a fighting ancestor it is the result of millions of years of fighting in prehistoric times, and, like any other over-developed part or organ, it has an intense urge to express itself. This inherent urge is what makes the owner of that jaw “fight at the drop of the hat,” and often have “a chip on his shoulder.”
Natural Selection ¶ Thus, because every external characteristic is the result of natural laws, and chiefly of natural selection, the vital traits of any creature can be read from his externals. Every student of biology, anatomy, anthropology, ethnology or psychology is familiar with these facts.
Built to Fit ¶ Man’s organism has developed, altered, improved and evolved “down through the slow revolving years” with one instinctive aim—successful reaction to its environment. Every part has been laboriously constructed to that sole end. Because of this its functions are marked as clearly upon it as those of a grain elevator, a steamship or a piano.
“Survival of the Fittest ¶ Nature has no accidents, she wastes no material and everything has a purpose. If you put up a good fight to live she will usually come to your rescue and give you enough of whatever is needed to tide you over. If you don’t, she says you are not fit to people the earth and lets you go without a pang. Thus she weeds out all but the strong—and evolution marches on.
Causes of Racial Characteristics ¶ This inherent potentiality for altering the organism to meet the demands of the environment is especially noticeable in races and is the reason for most racial differences.
Differences in environment—climate, altitude and topography necessitated most of these physical differentiations which today enable us to know at a glance whether a man belongs to the white race, the yellow race, or the black race. The results of these differentiations and modifications will be told in the various chapters of this book.”
¶ So today we see man a highly evolved creature who not only acts but thinks and feels. All these thoughts, feelings and emotions are interrelated.
The body and the mind of man are so closely bound together that whatever affects one affects the other. An instantaneous change of mind instantly changes the muscles of the face. A violent thought instantly brings violent bodily movements.
Movies and Face Muscles ¶ The moving picture industry—said to be the third largest in the world—is based largely on this interrelation. This industry would become extinct if something were to happen to sever the connection between external expressions and the internal nature of men and women.
Tells Fundamentals ¶ How much do external characteristics tell about a man? They tell, with amazing accuracy, all the basic, fundamental principal traits of his nature. The size, shape and structure of a man’s body tell more important facts about his real self—what he thinks and what he does—than the average mother ever knows about her own child.”
“Learning to Read ¶ If this sounds impossible, if the seeming incongruity, multiplicity and heterogeneity of human qualities have baffled you, remember that this is exactly how the print in all books and newspapers baffled you before you learned to read.
Not long ago I was reading stories aloud to a three-year old. She wanted to “see the pictures,” and when told there were none had to be shown the book.
“What funny little marks!” she cried, pointing to the print. “How do you get stories out of them?”
Printing looked to all of us at first just masses of meaningless little marks.
But after a few days at school how things did begin to clear up! It wasn’t a jumble after all. There was something to it. It straightened itself out until the funny little marks became significant. Each of them had a meaning and the same meaning under all conditions. Through them your whole outlook on life became deepened and broadened—all because you learned the meaning of twenty-six little letters and their combinations!”
¶ To do this it is necessary to better understand our neighbors—to recognize that people differ from each other in their likes and dislikes, traits, talents, tendencies and capabilities. The combination of these makes each individual’s nature. It is not difficult to understand others for with each group of these traits there always goes its corresponding physical makeup—the externals whereby the internal is invariably indicated. This is true of every species on the globe and of every subdivision within each species.
Significance of Size, Shape and Structure ¶ All dogs belong to the same species but there is a great difference between the “nature” of a St. Bernard and that of a terrier, just as there is a decided difference between the natures of different human beings. But in both instances the actions, reactions and habits of each can be accurately anticipated on sight by the shape, size and structure of the two creatures.
Differences in Breed ¶ When a terrier comes into the room you instinctively draw away unless you want to be jumped at and greeted effusively. But you make no such movement to protect yourself from a St. Bernard because you read,
“on sight, the different natures of these two from their external appearance.
¶ You know a rose, a violet, a sunflower and an orchid and what perfume you are sure to find in each, by the same method. All are flowers and all belong to the same species, just as all human beings belong to the same species. But their respective size, shape and structure tell you in advance and on sight what their respective characteristics are.
The same is true of all human beings. They differ in certain fundamentals but always and invariably in accordance with their differences in size, shape and structure.
The Instinct of Self-Preservation ¶ The reason for this is plain. Goaded by the instinct of self-preservation, man, like all other living things, has made heroic efforts to meet the demands of his environment. He has been more successful than any other creature and is, as a result, the most complex organism on the earth. But his most baffling complexities resolve themselves into comparatively simple terms once it is recognized that each internal change brought about by his environment brought with it the corresponding external mechanism without which he could not have survived.”
¶ So long as you live in a civilized or thickly populated community you will still need to understand your own nature and the natures of other people. No matter what you desire of life, other people’s aims, ambitions and activities constitute vital obstructions along your pathway. You will never get far without the co-operation, confidence and comradeship of other men and women.
Primitive Problems ¶ It was not always so. And its recentness in human history may account for some of our blindness to this great fact.
In primitive times people saw each other rarely and had much less to do with each other. The human element was then not the chief problem. Their environmental problems had to do with such things as the elements, violent storms, extremes of heat and cold, darkness, the ever-present menace of wild beasts whose flesh was their food, yet who would eat them first unless they were quick in brain and body.
Civilization’s Changes ¶ But all that is changed. Man has subjugated all other creatures and now walks the earth its supreme sovereign. He has discovered and invented and builded until now we live in skyscrapers, talk around the world
“world without wires and by pressing a button turn darkness into daylight.
Causes of Failure ¶ Yet with all our knowledge of the outside world ninety-nine lives out of every hundred are comparative failures.
¶ The reason is plain to every scientific investigator. We have failed to study ourselves in relation to the great environmental problem of today. The stage-setting has been changed but not the play. The game is the same old game—you must adjust and adapt yourself to your environment or it will destroy you.
Mastering His Own Environment ¶ The cities of today look different from the jungles of our ancestors and we imagine that because the brain of man overcame the old menaces no new ones have arisen to take their place. We no longer fear extermination from cold. We turn on the heat. We are not afraid of the vast oceans which held our primitive forebears in thrall, but pass swiftly, safely and luxuriously over their surfaces. And soon we shall be breakfasting in New York and dining the same evening in San Francisco!
Facing New Enemies ¶ But in building up this stupendous superstructure of modern civilization man has brought into being a society
“intricate and complex that he now faces the new environmental problem of human relationships.
The Modern Spider’s Web ¶ Today we depend for life’s necessities almost wholly upon the activities of others. The work of thousands of human hands and thousands of human brains lies back of every meal you eat, every journey you take, every book you read, every bed in which you sleep, every telephone conversation, every telegram you receive, every garment you wear.
And this fellowman of ours has multiplied, since that dim distant dawn, into almost two billion human beings, with at least one billion of them after the very things you want, and not a tenth enough to go around!
Adapt or Die ¶ Who will win? Nature answers for you. She has said with awful and inexorable finality that, whether you are a blade of grass on the Nevada desert or a man in the streets of London, you can win only as you adapt yourself to your environment. Today our environmental problem consists largely of the other fellow. Only those who learn to adapt themselves to their fellows can win great or lasting rewards.”
¶ The greatest problem facing any organism is successful reaction to its environment. Environment, speaking scientifically, is the sum total of your experiences. In plain United States, this means fitting vocationally, socially and maritally into the place where you are.
If you don’t fit you must move or change your environment to fit you. If you can’t change the environment and you won’t move you will become a failure, just as tropical plants fail when transplanted to the Nevada desert.”
“Learn from the Sagebrush ¶ But there is something that grows and keeps on growing in the Nevada desert—the sagebrush. It couldn’t move away and it couldn’t change its waterless environment, so it did what you and I must do if we expect to succeed. It adapted itself to its environment, and there it stands, each little stalwart shrub a reminder of what even a plant can do when it tries!
Moving Won’t Help Much ¶ Human life faces the same alternatives that confront all other forms of life—of adapting itself to the conditions under which it must live or becoming extinct. You have an advantage over the sagebrush in that you can move from your city or state or country to another, but after all that is not much of an advantage. For though you may improve your situation slightly you will still find that in any civilized country the main elements of your problem are the same.”
“There is so much to know about conversation that anyone, even I, could ever realize. You can go though watching talk shows; radio programs; clubs dedicated to public speaking; ordinary conversations; certain rules still apply when it comes to interaction through words. It may sound tedious, I know, but even though it’s your mouth that’s doing the work, your brain works twice as hard to churn out a lot of things you know. So what better way to start learning to be an effective communication is to know the very person closest to you: yourself.”
“1. What you know. Education is all about learning the basics, but to be an effective speaker is to practice what you’ve learned. My stint as guest at every Toastmasters’ meeting I go to taught me that we all have our limitations, but that doesn’t mean we can’t learn to keep up and share what we know.
Listening. It’s just as important as asking questions. Sometimes listening to the sound of our own voice can teach us to be a little bit confident with ourselves and to say the things we believe in with conviction.
Humility We all make mistakes, and sometimes we tend to slur our words, stutter, and probably mispronounce certain words even though we know what it means, but rarely use it only to impress listeners. So in a group, don’t be afraid to ask if you’re saying the right word properly and if they’re unsure about it then make a joke out of it. I promise you it’ll make everyone laugh and you can get away with it as well.”
“Eye Contact There’s a lot to say when it comes to directing your attention to your audience with an eye-catching gaze. It’s important that you keep your focus when talking to a large group in a meeting or a gathering, even though he or she may be gorgeous.
Kidding around A little bit of humor can do wonders to lift the tension, or worse boredom when making your speech. That way, you’ll get the attention of the majority of the crowd and they’ll feel that you’re just as approachable, and as human to those who listen.
Be like the rest of them Interaction is all about mingling with other people. You’ll get a lot of ideas, as well as knowing what people make them as they are.
Me, Myself, and I Admit it, there are times you sing to yourself in the shower. I know I do! Listening to the sound of your own voice while you practice your speech in front of a mirror can help correct the stress areas of your pitch. And while you’re at it you can spruce up as well.
With a smile A smile says it all much like eye contact. There’s no point on grimacing or frowning in a meeting or a gathering, unless it’s a wake. You can better express what you’re saying when you smile.
A Role Model There must be at least one or two people in your life you have listened to when they’re at a public gathering or maybe at church. Sure they read their lines, but taking a mental note of how they emphasize what they say can help you once you take center stage.
Preparation Make the best out of preparation rather than just scribbling notes and often in a hurried panic. Some people like to write things down on index cards, while other resort to being a little more silly as they look at their notes written on the palm of their hand (not for clammy hands, please). Just be comfortable with what you know since you enjoy your work.”
“These suggestions are rather bland, but they do work! It is that easy! Realistically , in edgewise, I’ve learned to empower myself when it comes to public or private speaking and it never hurts to be with people to listen how they make conversations and meetings far more enjoyable as well as educational.”
“you should ask yourself- me speaking well Laura Zukerman, what are ten ways you would empower and improve yourself !?
“What Really Makes You Tick?” 10 questions you should ask to yourself: a preparation to self-improvement
Be all you can be, but it’s not always in the Army. I often see myself as somewhat contented with my life the way things are, but of course it’s hard to think of anything else when where are real issues to be discussed.
Still I aspire for something deeper and more meaningful.
So we’re all pelted with problems. Honestly it shouldn’t even bother or even hinder us to becoming all we ought to be. Aspirations as kids should continue to live within us, even though it would be short-lived or as long as we could hold on to the dream. They say you can’t teach an old dog new tricks… or can they?
What do I really want? The question of the ages. So many things you want to do with your life and so little time to even go about during the day.
Find something that you are good at can help realize that small step towards improvement. Diligence is the key to know that it is worth it.
Should I really change
“Today’s generation has taken another level of redefining ‘self’, or at least that’s what the kids are saying. Having an army of teenage nieces and nephews has taught me that there are far worse things that they could have had than acne or maybe even promiscuity. So how does that fit into your lifestyle?
If history has taught us one thing, it’s the life that we have gone through. Try to see if partying Seventies style wouldn’t appeal to the younger generation, but dancing is part of partying. Watch them applaud after showing them how to really dance than break their bones in break-dancing.
What’s the bright side in all of this? With so much is happening around us there seem to be no room for even considering that light at the end of the tunnel. We can still see it as something positive without undergoing so much scrutiny. And if it’s a train at the end of the tunnel, take it for a ride and see what makes the world go round!
Am I comfortable with what I’m doing? There’s always the easy way and the right way when it comes to deciding what goes
“with which shoes, or purse, shirt and whatnot. It doesn’t take a genius to see yourself as someone unique, or else we’ll all be equally the same in everything we do. Variety brings in very interesting and exciting questions to be experimented.
Have I done enough for myself? Have you, or is there something more you want to do? Discontentment in every aspect can be dangerous in large doses, but in small amounts you’ll be able to see and do stuff you could never imagine doing.
Am I happy at where I am today? It’s an unfair question so let it be an answer! You love being a good and loving mom or dad to your kids, then take it up a notch! Your kids will love you forever. The same goes with everyday life!”
“7. Am I appealing to the opposite sex? So maybe I don’t have an answer to that, but that doesn’t mean I can’t try it, though. Whether you shape-up, change the way you wear your clothes or hair, or even your attitude towards people, you should always remember it will always be for your own benefit.
How much could I have? I suppose in this case there is no such things on having things too much or too little, but it’s more on how badly you really need it. I’d like to have lots of money, no denying that, but the question is that how much are you willing to work for it?
What motivates me? What motivates you? It’s an answer you have to find out for yourself. There are so many things that can make everyone happy, but to choose one of the may be the hardest part. It’s not like you can’t have one serving of your favorite food in a buffet and that’s it. Just try it piece by piece.
What Really Makes You Tick? So? What really makes you tick? You can be just about anything you always wanted to be, but to realize that attaining something that may seem very difficult is already giving up before you even start that journey. Always remember, that self-improvement is not just about the physical or philosophical change you have to undergo, but it’s something that you really want.”
Negative Self-Talk takes a variety of forms. For instance, it can help you stay grounded by telling you that there are somethings you must avoid to stay safe and healthy. There are times when it can sound mean by telling you that you can never do anything right. You can also use this voice to take a realistic approach or develop fear or a fantasy. The musings or thoughts of your inner critic can sound like a critical friend or partner from the past. This voice can take the path of cognitive distortions like blaming and catastrophizing. In other words, negative self-talk is that voice inside you that limits your ability and prevents you from believing in yourself. These thoughts diminish your ability to change your life. Negative self-talk isn’t just stressful, but it can also hinder your success.”
Ways of Negative Self Talk
“Filtering Regardless of what the situation is, you will focus on the negative aspects of the situation and ignore the positive ones. For instance, let us say that you had a great day of work. You completed every task assigned to you on time and did a thorough job of it. People showered you with compliments. However, you forget about those compliments and only focus on the tasks that you were unable to complete. You then begin to work on more tasks and put yourself under stress.”
Number 2 Personalizing
“Personalizing When you are in a bad situation, you blame yourself regardless of whether you were at fault or not. For instance, if you hear that your friends cancelled on a night out, you will assume that nobody wanted to come because they did not want to be with you.”
Number 3 catastrophe
“Catastrophizing You always anticipate the worst in a situation. When you wake up and stub your toe, you tell yourself that you woke up on the wrong side of the bed. You convince yourself that you will have a horrible day.”
Number 4 polarizing
“Polarizing Things or situations can only be good or bad. You never see the middle ground. Therefore, you strive to be perfect to ensure that every situation you are in is good. If there is ever a time when a situation is not in your favor, you convince yourself that you are a failure.”
“Toll of Negative Self-Talk Negative self-talk has a disastrous effect on you. There are studies that link negative self-talk with low self-esteem and high levels of stress. This talk can lead to feelings of helplessness and demotivation. Therefore, it is important that you learn to fix this negative self-talk. People who frequently engage in negative self-talk are often more stressed. This happens since their reality is slightly altered to help them experience the success they believe they have achieved. They need to create this experience since they do not see the many opportunities around them, and they do not capitalize on those opportunities. Therefore, the perception of stress is because of the change in behavior and perception. The consequences of the inner critic are listed below:”
“Limited Thinking You constantly tell yourself that you cannot do something. The more you tell yourself that, you start to believe it. For example, if you tell yourself that you cannot pass an exam, you will start to believe it and eventually you will not pass that exam.”
The concept of mindfulness comes to us from the Eastern cultures, and particularly from Buddhism — concepts that are over 2,500 years old. Its simple objective is to take you into a dynamic focus and lead you to fully paying attention. You pay attention to what is going on around you, to which emotions you are feeling, to how and what you are saying to others, to how and what you are thinking silently within your own mind, to how you are acting and behaving out in the world either alone or amongst others.
See how this ties into developing your EQ? It’s great!
In our Western societies, mindfulness courses and classes have mushroomed only over the past four decades or so. Mindfulness is now a mainstream concept and practice in Europe and North America. In fact, it’s not far off track to say that many Westerners eased into full meditation practice through the doorway of mindfulness practice.
The Western medical and mental health communities, at the same time, came to adapt Eastern mindfulness practices and approaches to their own needs; They have indeed been shown over time to help patients who have mental and emotional health[…]”
“Western psychology and psychiatry have also devised some more “Westerner-friendly” ways of learning and practicing mindfulness.; Medical professionals have assisted their patients in becoming more mindful, and seen it notably help reduce symptoms of depression, stress and anxiety, among others.
Versions of mindfulness and EQ that we see in these pages have also been extremely useful in diminishing or fully eliminating emotional trauma. Trauma from wartime experiences, from childhood or adult physical abuse or violence result in negative, protective feelings moving into place in our psyche. Whether it manifests as recurring nightmares or sleepless nights in fear of terrible nightmares, a strong anxiety around certain personality types, or a panicky retreat from society altogether – such strong feelings and emotions associated with trauma can be released through mindfulness practice. Knowing how to let go of the feelings helps diminish the power of the related memory as well. Military personnel returning from war zones and benefiting from a mindful release of traumatic feelings have gone so far as to state, “I finally got my life back”.”
“Determination. Awareness. Attention.
These are three key words that help you understand what mindfulness is.
Mindfulness means deliberately paying attention. Intentionally focusing. Nonjudgmentally observing life and living as it occurs around you. Being aware of your surroundings through all your senses.
If you are not paying attention, you don’t know whether you are missing out on something that matters to you! You can only decide what matters to you by giving attention to everything, and then prioritizing.
Mindfulness is a useful state from which to observe what’s going on within self, within other people, and out in the world at large. You pay attention to:
What is going on around you.
Which emotions you are experiencing.
How you are talking to people and what you are saying.
How people are talking to you and what they are saying.
Body language – yours and others’.
What others are doing and what they need.
How and what you are thinking.
How, how much and what you eat and drink and take into the body.
Nature – sounds, colors and movement.
And much more!
In other words, mindfulness is a dynamic state of awareness. It is a lively, conscious way of registering and processing information.
“This awareness of what is going on from moment to moment occurs without any judgement on your part.
We have all noticed young children engrossed in a given task. Nothing can pull their attention from it. They are creating some form of art, or building something, or they’re lost in a beloved story that they know by heart. We as adults can go into “the zone”, too! We are similarly experiencing a mindful absorption in the activity we are performing: running a long distance, reading an engrossing novel, lost in kneading the bread dough. Nearly no interference, noise or interruption seems to be able to break our focus. As the saying goes, “wild horses couldn’t pull us away.”
Millennia-old religious and spiritual practices have used some type of mindfulness technique from their very beginnings. Rites often blended them into practices. Prayer, singing hymns or chanting are nothing more than means of focusing – being mindful – on the spiritual energy and connection with the divine. Meditation (and mindfulness is part of achieving that quiet mind) is a spiritual aspect of many religions, including the Baha’i faith, Buddhism, Daoism, Hinduism, Jainism and Sikhism. By practicing mindfulness as we present it here, you are joining centuries of practitioners.
“That being said, sustained mindfulness is a tall order for most people! It means you have to pause and pay attention to absolutely everything going on around you and within you. That’s a lot to ask of anyone caught in the hustle-bustle of modern life. It’s a lot to ask as we are traveling, running businesses and earning a living, raising families, managing our homes.
Being mindful is difficult for the busy person that you are, granted. Especially with our last two or three decades of increasing solicitation by technology, media and the devices we all carry around to communicate, it’s hard to let go of that (apparent) connection and just observe attentively with our five senses for a while. We just don’t like to stop! But stop is exactly what we must do if we are to practice mindfulness and reap the benefits of doing so.
Becoming mindful means that most of us have to learn brand-new habits. Anyone can develop a more mindful state of being. Indeed, throughout the centuries, a number of specific activities have helped humans become fully aware and stay in the moment: Yoga, many martial arts such as Aikido, Chi Gong or Tai Chi, and meditation are some of the ancient ways we have moved ourselves into mindfulness. The ancients who lived with attention and determination were able to move into deeper, more sustained and long-term mindful states, as they quieted the noise of the ordinary mind and observed the world from a more peaceful state (7).
15th century poet Kabir said, “Wherever you are, that is the entry point.”
That is an important comment to keep in mind, because the first-time practitioner of mindfulness (and meditation as a whole) will get frustrated by wondering where to start.”
Mindfulness means paying attention , on purpose to the present moment without any judgement. In mindfulness practice you bring focused awareness to a present moment, sensation, thought or feeling. This is without clinging to it. Also without resisting it, to trying to change it. It involves focusing you attention lightly , with gentle acceptance, like a butterfly resting in the palm of your hand. Until the butterfly of course moves away on its own. You attend to the on going flow of experience , gently observing as it rises and falls. Mindfulness is to improve your overall wellbeing. For starters it reduces stress and helps people feel more grounded. mindfulness can be thought of as letting go of suffering. This could even be for just a few moments at a time. When you are practicing mindfulness you are becoming aware of sensations, thoughts, feelings and focusing your attention on your breathing. The breaths you take become an object of concentration. You the witness, help its rise and fall.
By attending to whats happening in our bodies , our awareness settles into the present. In the present you will naturally feel the flow of the breaths you are inhaling and exhaling. If you then become mindful of other things such as thoughts and feelings- you will naturally experience them in the here and now. As well as their flow, they will rise and fall too. Just as the breath does.
Our thoughts are ever changing, sometimes more focused and clear, sometimes more clouded and cluttered. Some of the times are minds are wandering without focus or attention. At other times we are unaware of our thoughts or how those thoughts are impacting are feelings and actions.
When are minds are leaping around from one thought to the next, it is often like a monkey jumping from tree to tree. Mindfulness experts call this “Monkey mind.” Monkey Mind happens when our minds wander. When thoughts can’t seem to stay focused. The thoughts will either jump right to the future or straight to the past. That is racing and worrying thoughts. This can sometimes lead to suffering. Practicing mindfulness makes you aware of your mind. It is a way to tend to the here and now. This provides an alternative to suffering.
Be more aware of your mind and the ongoing process of thinking, noticing all that it says. This means gently observing thinking without any need to react to it.
Cultivate calmness in the presence of unpleasant thoughts. Unhelpful thoughts would be the same thing. Also stay away from challenging feelings.
Feel less stress, worry and rumination.
Be less reactive and more flexible in your approach to life.
Experience improvement in physical health and the quality of the life you are now living.
Practicing mindfulness even for a short while brings your attention to the moment and the the ever-changing experiences of being alive. Sensations, thoughts and feelings can be observed. Rather then, reacted against or engaged by. While observing you begin to act on them freely or not.
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An example of taxonomy is the way living beings are divided up into Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species. An example of taxonomy is the Dewey Decimal system – the way libraries classify non-fiction books by division and subdivisions
There are four taxonomic fundamental components which simplify the process of identification up to species level. These components are identification, characterization, classification and naming.
Carolus Linnaeus The father of taxonomy:
Carl Linnaeus, also known as Carl von Linné or Carolus Linnaeus, is often called the Father of Taxonomy. His system for naming, ranking, and classifying organisms is still in wide use today (with many changes). In the 1700s, he developed a way to name and organize species that we still use today. His two most important contributions to taxonomy were: A hierarchical classification system
What is a dichotomous key?
A dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world, such as trees, wildflowers, mammals, reptiles, rocks, and fish. Keys consist of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of a given item. “Dichotomous” means “divided into two parts”.
Occasional rewards can help you stay on track when you’re working hard to make positive behavior changes. Here are steps you can take
Jump to: Motivate Yourself Reward Balance Self-Reinforcement Positive Activities
If you’re trying to lose weight, get fit, reduce stress or anxiety, stay sober, or manage any type of health condition, you know how much work it takes to change old, ingrained habits, set new goals, and commit to healthier behaviors. Ending old, ingrained habits and committing to healthier ones—like eating better, exercising more and following your doctor’s advice for better mental health—can be challenging to say the least and oftentimes it’s just plain hard to stay motivated.
Reaching your goals and feeling a sense of achievement are certainly the ultimate rewards, but as you’re striving to get there, the intangible reward of better health may not be enough motivation for you to keep up the good work.
“Most of us could use some tangible rewards from time to time, something to provide a lift and keep us going,” says Katrina Firlik, MD, chief medical officer of HealthPrize Technologies and author of Another Day in the Frontal Lobe: A Brain Surgeon Exposes Life on the Inside. “That’s especially true when the work we’re doing to stay healthy is difficult and seemingly never ends.”
One way to stay on track is to give yourself an occasional reward, something to mark milestones and celebrate the positive changes you’re making, big and small. Here are some ideas.
#1. Motivate Yourself from Inside and Out
Mental health experts use the terms intrinsic (internal) and extrinsic (external) when describing motivations to act. Intrinsic motivation comes from within yourself, and often requires no more reward other than performing the act itself. Extrinsic motivation comes from somewhere outside of the act itself.
Think about it in terms of artistic endeavors. Your motivation is intrinsic if you find great enjoyment in painting a picture or writing a poem. At the same time, if your poem is going to be published, or your painting purchased, those are extrinsic motivations. In the same vein, many people find great satisfaction in helping others through volunteer work, participating in athletic events, or pursuing a career in a field of interest, regardless of the pay scale. If you are internally motivated to do something, there is often no need and no particular benefit to an external reward, because that internal reward of personal satisfaction is enough.
#2. Find Your Reward Balance
Life is a balancing act, however, and most people have both internal and external motivations for their choices and behaviors. And most people need, expect, and are motivated by the prospect of some type of reward for their hard work. You need to get paid, even if you love your job. You need to see results if you are making difficult changes in your lifestyle in order to lose weight, get fit, stay sober, or otherwise improve yourself.
When it comes to self-improvement, you already know good physical and mental health is your best reward, but you probably also know that it hasn’t always been enough to sustain your best efforts to change. You need more incentives along the way, something to help you stick with it. It can be as simple as remembering to pat yourself on the back or buying yourself a fun new pen, any small thing that feels positive and makes you feel good.Article continues below
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“When it comes to reinforcing new health-related behaviors, like taking a daily blood pressure pill, for instance, drawing on intrinsic motivation can be difficult, even though avoiding a stroke or heart attack should be reward enough,” says Dr. Firlik. “That’s when external rewards can be particularly helpful, especially in the beginning when you are first establishing a new habit.” Consider treating yourself to a frivolous gift from the pharmacy whenever you’re there on time to refill your prescription, she suggests, something like a fun magazine or a special bar of soap.
#3. Practice Self-Reinforcement
To help make positive self-reward work for you, make a list of things, big and small, that you will truly find rewarding. Keep that list handy so that every time you accomplish even the smallest thing, every time you meet a short-term goal, you can refer to your list. Rewards can be material things or activities. The best reward is one that brings you closer to your goal, like new workout gear when you’re trying to get fit. It’s important to reward yourself only when you’ve earned it, and to match the size of the reward with the size of your accomplishment, so you don’t run out of positive reinforcers and always have something to work towards, something to look forward to.
It’s also important not to choose rewards that could sabotage your long-term goals. If you’re in the process of losing weight, for instance, and you want to reward yourself for practicing portion control all week, it may not be a good idea (yet) to take yourself out to eat at a favorite restaurant. Instead, choose something non-edible, like an inexpensive new scarf or belt or other clothing accessory. On the other hand, if you are at a point where you can be satisfied with just a small serving of ice cream, or any small snack, lose the idea of “forbidden foods” and go ahead and give yourself an edible reward from time to time.
As you sense that your small accomplishments and changes in behavior are becoming permanent new habits, you can give yourself bigger and more trivial rewards. Buy yourself flowers, special beauty or grooming products, a massage, or a piece of jewelry. Take a day off from work for no reason other than to catch up with yourself. When your new habits are firmly entrenched, you can look forward to bigger rewards, like a a more expensive piece of clothing than you would normally buy for yourself or perhaps a long-dreamed of trip abroad.
#4. Choose Positive Activities
“You may find after time that you need fewer material rewards and more positive, routine activities to distract you from negative feelings and help you stay on your chosen path,” suggests Dr. Firlik. That’s good news! A positive diversion can be a new hobby, a new way to exercise, a group or club you’d like to join, a continuing ed class you now have time to attend. Smaller diversions can also help you stay on track whenever you’re feeling bored, upset or a little down. Again, keep a list of activities that you can refer to when you think your emotions are about to get the best of you and you need to focus your mind on something else. Some ideas include writing in a journal, calling a friend, taking a walk, listening to music, washing your car or your dog, or taking a trip to the library or a local museum or gallery. These small diversions can help change your perspective and tide you over until the negativity passes.
Working alongside a toxic person will take a toll on your psychological well-being. These strategies can reduce the damage.
While not every charming person you meet will be a sociopath, if you feel like you’re being manipulated, gaslighted, or otherwise messed with by an exceedingly lovely (read: cunning) person, it is possible you’re becoming the victim of a sociopath’s mind games. Or, at the very least, you’re being strung along by someone with those tendencies. This can be an incredibly disorienting experience, whether it’s happening in your relationship, at work, or in a friendship.So the more you know about sociopaths, and the faster you can get out of manipulative situations, the better.
To help keep yourself out of toxic situations, here are some mind games sociopaths play, and other ways to spot them, according to experts.
1. They’re A Little Too Charming
A classic trait of sociopaths it that they “use charm and manipulation in order to get what they want,” board-certified psychiatrist Dr. Susan L. Edelman, tells Bustle. So if you’re speaking to one, it might feel as if they’re being a little too nice.
They have mastered the art of charming people to get their way. But one way to spot a lack of genuine kindness is to think about how it makes you feel. “At first, you may feel charmed,” Dr. Edelman says, “while later you’ll feel scared or confused.”
It’s important to trust your gut, especially when it comes to meeting new people. If someone is “too” charming or nice, you may want to learn a bit more about them, and take everything they say with a grain of salt.
2. They Show Zero Remorse
Let’s say you were to catch a sociopath in a lie. While most people would admit their wrongdoing and apologize, a true sociopath might go to great lengths to convince you you’re wrong.
“Over time, you’ll notice that this person is very comfortable lying to people and has little or no empathy for other’s feelings,” Dr. Edelman says. “They also don’t show remorse when they hurt others as they have no conscience.”
That’s why, even if you call them out on their lie, or tell them how much the lie affected you, it won’t necessarily stop them from telling a lie again. And they certainly won’t truly care about the negative impact they had.
3. They Blame You For Everything
If you’re being blamed for everything — for example, a partner always tells you arguments are 100 percent your fault — consider it a red flag. As Heller says, “If the sociopath is psychologically savvy, [they] may use psychological concepts to innocently pathologize the target and characterize [them] as the unintentional instigator.”
In other words, when dealing with a sociopath, nothing will ever be their fault. They prefer to blame and manipulate others, instead of owning — or apologizing for — their mistakes.
4. They Try To Confuse You
One way sociopaths are able to manipulate others is by confusing them, and twisting words in their favor — all so they can get their way. For example, “a sociopath might say something, then insist he didn’t say it,” therapist Karen R. Koenig, MEd, LCSW, tells Bustle.
As a partner, a sociopath might deny that they admitted a fear and accuse you of making it up, Koenig says. As a boss, they might claim credit for your successful work. As a coworker, they might spread a rumor about you and act shocked when it comes back around to them.
A sociopath will show no remorse while messing with your head — and they may even seem to enjoy doing so.
As an example, Koenig says they might insist you speak your mind to a friend, and then when your friend becomes offended, they’ll act sympathetic and take your side and say how awfully the friend treated you. This is one way a sociopath’s manipulative behavior may play out. But unfortunately, there are many others.
In a similar vein, if you feel like you can’t “win” an argument with someone, no matter what you say or how reasonable you’re being, it could be of sign of gaslighting— which is a tactic many sociopaths use in order to confuse their victims.
“Gaslighters manipulate your words then use them against you, so you end up saying, ‘But I didn’t mean…’ and keep trying to defend yourself,” Koenig says. “The goal is to invalidate you and make you question your sanity.”
This, again, puts them in a position of power, which is right where sociopaths like to be.
7. They’re A Little Bit Threatening
In an effort to control you, a sociopath might even dish out a threat or two. “Sociopaths often use threats to keep you in their control, such as threats of suicide or saying ‘you’ll be sorry’ for your behavior,” Hershenson says.
They also might give off a threatening vibe because they aren’t being genuine. It can be difficult to spot someone who’s lying or manipulating those around them, and sometimes it’s just all about their “vibe.” If something feels negative, there’s a good chance it is.
8. They Flatter You Endlessly
A sociopath will likely do whatever they can to win you over, and often that means dishing out compliments and flattering remarks. But if you know what to look for, you may be able to spot these compliments as disingenuous.
“Compliments feel good, but [a sociopath’s] flattery feels like too much,” Hershenson says. “Instead of saying they enjoy being with you, a sociopath might say, ‘You are the most amazing person I’ve ever met and I can’t imagine life without you,’ even though you’ve only known them a short time.”
Again, it’s all about trusting your gut. If a person or situation seems too good to be true, they may not be someone you want to get too close to.
9. They Lie And Cheat
Casual and blatant, yet totally incessant lying is a huge sign of sociopathy, and especially so when the lies are helping the person reach an important goal.
“Someone who has sociopathic tendencies has a lack of remorse or regard for others,” Dr. Joshua Klapow, clinical psychologist and host of The Web radio show, tells Bustle. “They are driven by what gets them towards a goal, and they are not going to play by the same rules of morality and ‘right and wrong’ as you are.”
When it comes to sociopaths, they aren’t going to follow usual codes of conduct, and might give off weird vibes as a result.
10. They Justify Breaking The Law
Because sociopaths (and even people with sociopathic tendencies) can only focus on themselves and their own needs, they rarely think twice before breaking the law. And in the process, they may even try to cover it up by manipulating your reaction.
“They will break rules and laws with strong justification and try to make you believe that if you can’t see how it is OK, something is wrong with you,” Dr. Klapow says. Asociopath will never admit that they did something wrong, or that they’re flawed in any way. If breaking a law benefits them, that’s all they’ll focus on.
11. They’ll Seem Oh So Very Sincere
The tricky thing with sociopaths, is they’re really good at lying, and thus really good at coming off as totally sincere when trying to get their way. Unfortunately, this can include using their talents to come off as genuine — even when they really aren’t.
“They can be quite sophisticated in their approach,” Dr. Klapow says. “You may feel they are being sincere and then turn around and find out they have manipulated your good will and trust. Lying, manipulation, and seduction to get you connected with them are all games the sociopath will play.”
12. They Treat You Differently
“If they seem to be engaging you deeply and emotionally, but have a bad reputation with others, these are all warning signs,” Dr. Klapow says. You might, for example, notice that someone is disliked at work, but for some reason they’re super sweet to you.
“Keep your eyes open and focused not just on how they are treating you and what your interactions with them are like, but how do others see them,” Dr. Klapow says. This can be a big clue, and it can help you see past their veneer.
13. Something “Doesn’t Feel Right”
When dealing with a sociopath, you might not be able to put your finger on what, exactly, is “off” about them. But that feeling, that gut instinct that something’s wrong, will likely still be there.
“With a sociopath, that ‘something is not right’ feeling could be your first and only warning sign,” Dr. Klapow says. “Trust it.”
Because if something feels strange, and you think you’re being lied to, manipulated, or gaslighted, that very well may be true. And when it comes to sociopaths, this is what they’re skill at doing. Anyone can get caught up in a sociopath’s toxicity, but being able to spot the signs can make it easier to keep yourself safe.
When people think of a psychopath, they often conjure up images of serial killers. And while most serial killers likely are psychopaths, many more psychopaths aren’t murderers. In fact, research over the past couple of decades reveals that some psychopaths are successful professionals who excel in the workplace.
Unfortunately, that means there’s a chance you might find yourself working next to a psychopath. And while a psychopathic co-worker might not pose any physical danger to you, there certainly is a big emotional risk.
Dealing with a workplace psychopath can take a toll on your psychological well-being. And it could hurt your career if you’re not careful. Learning how to spot a workplace psychopath and understanding how to deal with one can reduce some of the damage.
How to Spot a Successful Psychopath
A 2010 study published in the Journal of Research and Personality titled “The Search of the Successful Psychopath” examined what separates psychopaths who become criminals from psychopaths who succeed in business.
Researchers concluded that successful psychopaths share the same core features as other psychopaths. They’re arrogant, dishonest, and callous. They experience little remorse, minimize self-blame, exploit people, and exhibit shallow affect.
What made successful psychopaths different was their level of conscientiousness. Psychopaths who become criminals rank low in this personality trait. Successful psychopaths, however, rank higher in conscientiousness.
Ranking higher in conscientiousness means that successful psychopaths are less impulsive, negligent, and irresponsible than the psychopaths who live a life of crime. That doesn’t mean successful psychopaths are always law-abiding citizens, however. They just might be smart enough not to get caught.
Psychopaths are most often male. But that doesn’t mean you’ll never encounter a female psychopath. Although they’re not as common, they do exist and they can be just as harmful as male psychopaths.
Why Psychopaths Sometimes Succeed in the Workplace
Psychologists estimate 1 percent of the population meets the criteria for psychopathy. Yet about 3 percent of business leaders may be psychopaths. By comparison, an estimated 15 percent of prison inmates are estimated to be psychopaths.
So why would a disproportionate number of business leaders be psychopaths? Researchers suspect their characteristics and behavior may give them some competitive advantages in the workplace.
For example, they’re quite charming. That can come in quite handy when someone is looking to network with powerful people.
They also have a grandiose sense of self. When they say they can skyrocket the company to new heights, they believe it. And they often convince others that they’re capable and competent too.
They’re also good at manipulating people. They know how to use guilt and flattery to get what they want.
How to Deal With a Psychopath
Whether you’re convinced your boss is a psychopath or you’re concerned your colleague is a psychopath, there’s a good chance that you’ve encountered at least one psychopath in the workplace.
Switching teams, changing departments, or finding a new job altogether may not feel like an option. But it’s best to avoid psychopaths whenever possible because working alongside a toxic person will take a toll on your psychological well-being.
If you must deal with a psychopath, try these five strategies:
1. Keep Your Emotions in Check
No matter how frustrated or upset you feel, keep your emotions in check. Losing your cool gives a psychopath more power over you, as he’ll see that he can manipulate your emotions. Present a calm demeanor at all times.
2. Don’t Show That You’re Intimidated
Psychopaths often use intimidation to control others. A psychopath may make subtle threats, stand over you while you’re talking, or use aggressive language to get you to back down. Stand your ground in an assertive manner, and report incidents of bullying or harassment to human resources.
3. Don’t Buy Into Their Stories
Psychopaths often use long-winded tales to paint themselves as victims. They often blame other people and refuse to take any responsibility for their wrongdoing. Showing sympathy for them plays into their hand, so keep discussions centered on facts only.
4. Turn the Conversation Back on Them
Pointing out a psychopath’s flaws can be the best way to disarm them. So when a psychopath blames someone else, turn the conversation back on them. Say something like, “Are you doing OK today? I saw how you responded in the meeting today and I wonder if you might be stressed out.”
5. Opt for Online Communication Whenever You Can
A 2016 study published in Personality and Individual Differences found that psychopaths excel at negotiating when they’re communicating face-to-face. Online conversations make it difficult–if not impossible–for them to charm their way into a better deal. So consider requesting all communication occur via email if you can.
Build Your Mental Strength
If you can’t escape daily interaction with a psychopath, it’s especially important to work on building your mental muscles. Get proactive about taking care of yourself and managing your stress.
If you’re struggling, consider talking to a mental health professional. It’s difficult to stay mentally strong when you’re working alongside a toxic person.
designing your own home, considering Feng Shui rules is a crucial step in ensuring the good flow of energy. By taking into account these fundamental steps, you are essentially allowing positive energy to flow freely in your house.
While there can be a lot of rules for Feng Shui itself, paying attention to the most crucial ones will get you off the good start. As you make sure that you don’t miss these important ones, your home itself will become a good nestling ground for positivity.
Make use of the Bagua Map
Making use of the Bagua map is a step that you should never ignore or skip. Given that the elements and their necessary assignments are already pre-determined in Feng Shui, this map serves as your general blueprint in allowing positive energy in and keeping negative energy out.
Simply put, the Bagua map assigns certain areas of your home as follows:
N – Fame, and Reputation
E – Children, Joy, and the Future
W – New Beginnings and Family
S – Career and Life Journey
NE – Marriage and Relationships
SE – Travel and Helpful Friends
SW – Knowledge, and Self-Cultivation
NW – Wealth and Prosperity
By placing certain items according to their particular areas, they can bring positive energy to your home. Inversely, wrong placement of things can lead to the blockage of positive energy.
2. Take time to Understand the Feng Shui Elements
Included in the Bagua, understanding Feng Shui rules is also a key part of interpreting them correctly. By knowing the value and function of each element, you’ll gain a better idea of how to utilize them in attracting the kind of energy that you want.
In this case, there are 5 basic Feng Shui Elements, namely:
Fire – creates the earth, and is tasked to govern our emotions.
Earth – eventually becomes metal; is responsible for our nourishment and stability.
Metal – produces water; governs our intellect and productivity.
Water – nourishes wood; is responsible for our spirit.
Wood – feeds fire; is responsible for our growth.
By taking into account these 5 Feng Shui elements, we can think of whether or not the things that we’ll be placing in our home necessarily matches the kind of energy that we want to bring in. Instead of simply guessing, these first two tips lay-out properly what we need to do and consider when making a decision for our home.
3. Pay attention to Colors
While they are often perceived from their aesthetic value, colors in themselves also share the same meaning with their respective elements. As each element presents a different vibe or energy to your house, it necessitates that you pair a particular color with it.
For instance, decorating in pairs will bring you good luck with your marriage and relationships. But paying attention to where you place it affects its effectiveness. Following the previous points, you should place this on the northeast portion of your room as this one is the center of such.
But on top of that, the color scheme that you’re picking will also affect the result. For instance, picking a pair of black mandarin ducks doesn’t seem as lively or good bearing compared to picking a pair of pillows with shades of pink and red.
As colors affect our psychology and the overall flow of energy, paying attention to colors is an indispensable tip in moving forward.
4. Be particular on Furniture Placement
As a culmination of the previously stated fundamentals, being particular on furniture placement is the ultimate key to allow positive energy in. If you look at the basic principles of Feng Shui, it seeks to not only utilize geomancy but also positive reinforcement.
By creating conditions that inspire us in certain areas of our life, we prevent ourselves from subconsciously absorbing negative energies. In this case, one example that we can point to is the placement of one’s bed.
Following Feng Shui, placing your bed beside a wall creates bad luck for relationships. As it traps negative energy, it also prevents your partner from getting off the other side. Thus, this creates unnecessary annoyances and quarrels during the night.
With this principle, we have to take note that each furniture with a particular color must be placed accordingly.
5. Cleanliness and Tidiness is key
Last but not least, this simple tip is similar to the 4th one. In Feng Shui, a clean home allows positive energy in, while keeping negative energy out. As such, when you leave your home in a dirty state, negative energy is stored within the corners of your home.
Physically, the manifestations of such energy can be in forms of accumulated dust. Affecting not only your luck but also your psyche, doesn’t it make sense to clean such? Nevertheless, paying attention to this tip ensures that your home welcomes new and positive things in life.
By taking into consideration these Feng Shui tips, it becomes a lot easier for you to attract and manifest positive energy in your home. Instead of accidentally mis-arranging it, paying attention to Feng Shui reinforces positivity and good health as it ensures that everything is in order.
With that, one point here is how Feng Shui ensures that everything is harmonious. By creating harmony in one’s home, it follows suit that the result will also be good for us. Balancing internal and external energies, Feng Shui is definitely one of the best practices that you can implement with the help of these 5 simple rules!
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Owner and Founder At The Goddess Bibles A Memoir By Laura Zukerman
Contents 1 – Introduction To Personal Numerology How can you use numerology to find out more about you? What are core numbers? What are master numbers? How to reduce numbers in Numerology. 2 – The Meaning Behind The Master Numbers How master numbers influence your life Master number 11 Master number 22 Master number 33 3 – Your Life Path Number How to find your life path number How your life path number influences your life 4 – Your Expression Number How to find your expression number. How your expression number influences your life. 5 – Your Heart’s Desire Number How to find your heart’s desire number How your heart’s desire number influences your life. 6 – Your Birth Date Number How to find your birth date number How your birth date number influences your life. 7 – Your Personality Number How to find your personality number. How your personality influences your life. 8 – The General Meanings For Each Number
Number 1 Qualities Number 2 Qualities Number 3 Qualities Number 4 Qualities Number 5 Qualities Number 6 Qualities Number 7 Qualities Number 8 Qualities Number 9 Qualities Number 11 Qualities Number 22 Qualities Number 33 Qualities
Introduction To Personal Numerology Numerology is a study of numbers, but it’s much more fun to study than mathematics! At least in our opinion. It’s based on the idea that numbers are the foundation of the entire universe and everything in existence! It’s a perfect way to apply logic and purpose to what seems to those who are not aware to be random. You see, those who think that there is no logic to everything that exists are blind to the precise order of the universe, and you only need to look toward science to see evidence of how order defines nature. Numbers hold an energetic meaning, a vibration which is how we can understand the world through numerology. When we understand what numbers mean, we can then apply them to help us find out more about the hidden world that surrounds us. Which means that we can also use numerology as a process of individuation. To help us uncover more about ourselves that we may not have realized before, or that will help us to accept aspects of our ‘self’ that we may have been trying to change, deny or reject when we just needed to learn how to work with it. How Can You Use Numerology To Find Out More About Yourself? We are born with numbers that are represented in our birthdate, and we are assigned a name which also holds a numerological value. It’s common for Numerologists to believe that we all that the perfect name that carries us through life with its energetic value. This is because there is a formula to break our name down into numbers which we can then assign meaning to, which will give us incredible information about who we are and how we will experience life. Numerology, like Astrology, can help us discover more about our inner selves and life experiences.
Each letter in your name is associated with a numerical value and then when you reduce the numbers in your name to a single digit number or master number and in a similar way you can analyze your birth date. Personal numerology focus on three crucial factors about you: ● The moment of your birth. ● Your formal name ● Any nicknames you go by or name changes you have had. By looking at these aspects about you and applying them to a number (no pun intended) of different core numerological assessments you can find out your ‘core numbers.’ It’s these core numbers that can tell us so much about the essential aspects of our life so that we can learn what makes us unique, and they are also the fun parts of Numerology! What Are Core Numbers? Core numbers essentially make up your numerology, in some ways, it’s similar to your astrological chart, which also holds the secrets of you. Both will help you uncover your ‘self’ in different ways. There are five core numbers that make up your numerology which are; ● Your Life Path Number ● Your Expression Number ● Your Personality Number ● Your Heart’s Desire Number ● Your Birth Day Number And in this article, we are going to learn more about all of these core numbers so that at the end you will be able to understand more about who you are and what challenges you might face.
What Are Master Numbers? In numerology, all numbers are considered significant, but three numbers are considered to be extremely important because their energy is incredibly powerful. These are called ‘the master numbers.’ While most numbers in numerology are reduced down to their single figure unless it is a master number (we cover reducing numbers next). In which case the master number is considered in its own right, and particular attention is applied to these numbers. If you have master numbers anywhere in your core numbers, you’ll know about it! We discuss this in more detail further on in this article. But for now, the three master numbers are; ● 11 ● 22 ● 33 How To Reduce Numbers In Numerology In numerology, for most numbers, a double, or even quadruple number is always added together to reduce it down to a single digit number (between 1-9). This occurs with all numbers except for the three master numbers (11, 22, 33) if the circumstance in which they appear holds enough power to create a master number.
The difficulty is in knowing when to reduce down a master number and when not to. There is plenty of study material on this to be found, but for this e-book, we will focus on the topics we are covering here. The most important thing to remember is that a month or a day does not hold the power of a master number, for if it did, there’d be chaos on the 11th and 22nd of each month and in every November! The cycles repeat too frequently to be a master number but a year will hold enough power. There is an exception to this rule is in the calculation of the LIfe Path and Birth Day numbers because they are core numbers and more static – they don’t change with the cycles of life they stay with you for life which gives them the power of a master number. Some letters hold master numbers – the K (as the 11th number) and V (as the 22nd number). You’ll learn more about how to put this together further on in the article and each section will show you how to break down your numbers to find your core number for each section as we move through this e-book.
The Meaning Behind The Master Numbers How Master Numbers Influence Your Life The three Master numbers have profound energy and meaning, and when they appear in your chart, they can highlight the opportunity for growth but also propensity toward difficulty so that growth can be attained. This is ironic because most people believe that if you have master numbers in your core numbers that it’s something great – but greatness doesn’t come without challenge and experience. When you study the master numbers that might pop up in your core numbers, they’ll help you to understand what obstacles and challenges you might experience and what qualities you might need to develop to overcome them. It will take some grit to master these qualities, but you wouldn’t have the numbers in your chart if you were not capable of finding the resources you need to master these challenges (hence why they are called master numbers). Here are the meanings of each master number. Master number 11 The number 11 is instinctive, it represents instinct, and it’s highly intuitive – it’s the most intuitive of all numbers. The number 11 reflects your connection to your unconscious, insight, gut feelings and inner knowing. People with the master number 11 can be shy and also show nervous or stressed energy but that is often balanced out by their inspiration and charisma, but this conflict between two opposing energies can create both conflict and dynamism!
If you have the number 11 in your core numbers, you’ll need to be focused on concrete goals because if you don’t, you are likely to start experiencing fear and anxiety. The number 11 is incredibly powerful but highly destructive, particularly concerning self-sabotage if it’s not used properly. So if you find that you have the master number 11 in your core numbers, it’s important to do your best to tap into it and use it to your advantage, so that you can create spiritual evolution or personal power. It’s also important to listen to and follow your instincts, let your inner voice guide you, for it will push you toward spiritual and personal growth and create much-needed stability (even if your instincts push against the ‘norm’). The number 11 also represents psychics, clairvoyants, faith, and prophecy. Master Number 22 The Master number 22 is more powerful than any other number (which is why it’s often referred to as the ‘master builder’). I If you have the master number 22 in your core numbers, you’ll find that you are capable of building the world. You literally can take an idea and turn it into reality. You will be a doer and will get things done. Which means that you have incredible potential for success. The master number 22 is ambitious and disciplined number which is a potent combination. People with the number 22 in their core numbers often have great confidence and important leadership qualities.
However. Not all people who have the number 22 in their chart notice their own potential the complexity of the number means that it’s possible to be that brilliant person who is not living up to their potential. If you have 22 in your core numbers, you are capable of greatness, but you need to avoid shying away from opportunities and take it step by step without applying too much pressure. As long as you have a concrete goal and you make consistent small steps toward attaining it, then you can move the world. This is your greatest challenge – the challenge of moving forward without pressure or fear in a steady progressive way. You have the potential to change the world for the better if only you’d either get moving or slow down! Master number 33 Those with the master number 33 in their charts certainly know how to shake things up, it’s the master teacher and is all master numbers combined! If you have the master number 33 in your core numbers, you won’t have a personal agenda your focus will be on humanitarian issues and beyond. You move beyond practicality; you’ll have incredible knowledge and the ability to share such knowledge in a way that inspires others. A person who has the master number 33 in their charts is a profound and rare sight and is only relevant if it shows up in your core numbers, otherwise it will be weakened.
Your Life Path Number Your life path number is the most critical number in your numerological chart. It helps you to understand the opportunities, lessons, challenges and the general theme that you will experience during your lifetime, and it will offer you plenty of insight into your character and how you respond to your experiences and challenges. It’s the blueprint for your life. How to find your Life Path number You can find your life path number from your date of birth. Simply because it never changes and incorporates everything about you (this notion is also endorsed through astrology too). Here’s how you find it.
Divideyourbirthdateintoit’snaturalsections;month,dayandyear for example if your birthdate is December 17th 1989:
Addallofthesingledigitnumbersfromyourbirthdatetogetherto find your life path number: 3+8+9=20 then 2+0=2 Your life path number is 2. How Does Your Life Path Number Influence Your Life All you need to do now is look up the meaning of your life path number and start to become more familiar with who you are, keep on reading to find a brief outline of the meaning of each number to get you started. Your Expression number Your Expression number is based on the letters in your name. It uses the numbers that correspond to the letters and reveals your talents and abilities. The expression number is found by using the full name. If you change your name, you can use this to reveal what qualities you may now bring into your life, and what you will have left behind. How To Find Your Expression Number Your expression number is based on your full name, here’s how you can find your expression number:
Writeoutyourfullnamegiventoyouatbirth,First,Middleand surname E.g if your name was John David Brown at birth that’s what you’d write
Reducethesinglevaluenumbersforeachnamedowntoit’ssingle value (if you meet a master number; 11,22,33 don’t reduce further). For example; John = 1+6+8+6 = 21, then 2+1 = 3 David = 4+1+4+9+4 = 22, then 2+2 = 4 Brown = 2+9+6+6+5 = 28, then 2+8 =10, then 1+0 = 1
Addthefinalthreenumbers(ormoreifyouhavemorethanthree names) For example; 3+4+1+ = 8 John David Brown’s expression number is 8! How Your Expression Number Influences Your Life Your Expression number differs from your Life Path number because it highlights your strengths, talents and abilities and weaknesses as opposed to your life’s journey and lessons. It’s often referred to as the Destiny number because the way that you ‘express yourself’ forms the foundation for how you will move through your life path and what assets or challenges you will bring along naturally on your journey. Find out what your expression number means by looking up the meanings of each number below. Your Heart’s Desire Number You find your Heart’s Desire number buried inside your name; it’s hidden in the vowels of your name the subtle sounds almost reflect your hearts whispers, which alert us to our inner desires, even perhaps those we don’t even realize or acknowledge. How To Find Your Heart’s Desire Number Finding your heart’s desire number is a similar process to finding the expression number except that you only use the vowels of the name. Here are the steps, using the name John David Brown again;
Write down the vowels (A,E,I,O,U) in your name and assign the numerical values For example: John = O=6 David = A=1, I=9 Brown = O= 6
Addallofthenumberstogetherandreducethemdowntosingle digits (stopping if you find a master number) if you have a lot of vowels to work through break them up per name first to make it easier. For example: 6+1+9+6=22, then 2+2=4 John’s heart desire number is 4. How Your Heart’s Desire Number Influences Your Life When you find your heart’s desire number, you start to realize why you act the way you do and also more about what you want from life in all areas love, relationships, health, wealth, spiritual growth and so on. This is because your heart’s desire number reveals why you do what you do, why you might act in conflict to what you know you ‘should’ do and if it aligns with your instinct then you’ll do well to follow it. To find out the meaning and characteristics of your heart desire number check out the descriptions at the end of this e-book. Your Birth Date Number Your birth date number reflects some of your characters and traits that you carry through life that will combine and amplify with the other core numbers that are also part of your numerological birth chart. How To Find Your Birth Date Number This is a simple process, you simply add the numbers of your birth date together to reveal your birthdate number For example; The date of birth is 11 which is 1+1=2, your birth date number is 2 How Your Birth Date Number Influences Your Life For example if you have a 7 as your life path number and a 7 in your birth date number you’ll be a full on seven! But if you have a 7 in your life path number and a 2 in your birth date number the energy of the 7 will be complimented or toned down by the energy of the two. Your Personality number You may have revealed what you are experiencing in your inner world, but knowing how others see you can help you greatly and we don’t mean in a superficial way. Here’s what you need to know about your personality number. How To Find Your Personality Number You find your personality number by assessing the consonants in your name, and the process of finding it is the same as the process for the expression number and heart’s desire number. Here’s how you find it (using our example John David Brown) Note down the numerical values for the consonants in your names, for example; John= J=1, H=8, N=6 David = D=4, V=4, D=4 Brown = B=2, R=9, W=6, N=5 Add the consonant values together for each name, for example; John = 1+8+6 = 15, then 1+5 = 6 David = 4+4+4 = 12, then 1+2 = 3 Brown = 2+9+6+5 = 22, then 2+2 = 4 Finally add the resulting numbers from each name to find the personality number (don’t forget to stop if you find a master number), for example; 6+3+4 = 13, then 1+3 = 4 John’s personality number is 4. How Your Personality Influences Your Life Your Personality number is the first impression you give to others. Understanding how others see you helps you to understand more about the parts of you that you are either willing to reveal or are unconsciously revealing. Sometimes we reveal parts of ourselves to screen people from us, or to avoid dealing with things that we don’t want to deal with, it’s essentially a censoring device. But it can also censor you out of situations that you wouldn’t want to be censored from. Understanding the details or energy that surrounds your personality will help you make the adjustments you might want to make to stop censoring yourself out, or to start censoring other experiences out that you don’t desire. Find out more about your personality number by looking up the meaning of your personality number. The General Meanings For Each Number Number 1 Qualities If you have a number one anywhere in your numerological birth chart means that you are a natural leader, you are independent, brave and ambitious and you are likely to be a very individual soul. Wherever the number one falls in your numerological chart, you can expect it to bring dynamic energy that puts you right at the front of most things that you do. You are also very good at influencing those around you, which is a handy quality to have! Number one represents the pioneer, warrior, risk taker, you can find them in the businessmen, entrepreneurs, religious leaders, pioneers, inventors, and activists. The Downside The number one can be a little bit self-centered, not intentionally, but mostly because you identify with and focus on your goals so intensely. You are also so ambitious and focused on achieving your goals that you may ignore critical flaws in your plan, so it’s important to pay attention to these! It’s also possible that you can be slightly critical which can push people away. If you can learn to balance and control these issues you’ll be able to enjoy the power of the energy of the one without any setbacks! Number 2 Qualities The qualities of the number two is friendly, intuitive and open-minded. Number two loves to work with others as a partnership, which is the opposite to a one who would do so in a leadership role. Those who have a two in their charts find it easier to express themselves when they are working with other people rather than independently or as a leader. But the things is you don’t often get the glory for your efforts because your work remains hidden, you will probably find this frustrating at times. If you were able to start to find a way to demonstrate your efforts you might enjoy some of the recognition, even if it’s not all of it – that will be enough for you. Two’s are sensitive souls which can make them gentle and vulnerable, especially if they are at the receiving end of something they don’t like, or that is unkind, or insensitive. Other’s might not understand this sensitivity because if they don’t have the number two in their numerological chart, they won’t experience such intense sensitivity so they won’t understand this. If a two can be mindful of this and acknowledge their heightened sensitivity, they may be able to turn the volume down on it a little bit or develop strategies to be able to manage it better. Twos make fantastic partners, because they are thoughtful, harmonious, giving, and nurturing to those around you. Number 3 Qualities Those who have a number three in their numerological birth will have a certain way about them that seems to influence and inspire people without even trying to. Three’s are optimizing, expressive, outgoing and social. Three’s also represent self-expression and creativity too. You have great potential in areas that require creative problem-solving. The Downside Three’s have trouble accepting others into your life and projects, they can also lack discipline and order which means that achieving and reaching your full potential, while possible is challenging. To achieve success, you’ll need pay attention to enhancing your ability to focus so that you have a chance at seeing and enjoying precisely what you are capable of! Number 4 Qualities As a number four, you’ll find yourself to be the foundation of any enterprise or large project. The way you handle life and rise to problems and challenges is often methodical, disciplined and structured. You’ll find plenty of bookkeepers, accountants, lawyers, managers and government officials who have a number four in their numerological chart – in particular in their expression number. Interestingly, and somewhat paradoxically, as a four you can also be interested in and drawn to the arts and music – but the way you approach any such creative endeavors will be in a structured and ordered manner. Integrity and morals are strong in a number four, which makes you very trustworthy, honest and reliable and you do not like anything or anyone who are unstable, insecure, or unpredictable, and you will try to avoid these types of situations and experiences. But this could also lead you to avoid or missing out on interesting projects and creative and dynamic solutions brought about by an unpredictable person! The Downside You can be rigid and stubborn which can lead you to miss out on many opportunities in life and also to miss out on inspiration that can really put fire under something fabulous. If you rise to your challenge of being more imaginative and to attract more creative types into your life, you’ll find that they can advise and inspire you, and you’ll be able to run with those ideas and use your systematic approaches to bring them into reality. Number 5 Qualities You are a free spirit, loving change, adventure and excitement. Freedom is the nucleus around which your life revolves, and is needed for you to bring forth your many talents. You want to try everything at least once in life, which could lead to trouble in the form of unhealthy and dangerous indulges. Your thought process, like the rest of your life, can be unorganized and scattered, yet you are gifted in communication and could be a successful salesman, politician, lawyer, public relations person or minister. Your youthful enthusiasm is something others find infectious and attractive. You fall in and out of love frequently, and must guard against shallow feelings and relationships. In fact, self-discipline and healthy limits are the keys to your success in virtually every area of your life. Number 6 Qualities If you have a number 6 in your numerological chart, you are loving and caring, with a tendency to put the needs of others before your own. You have high regard for honesty and justice, which makes you trustworthy and responsible. Creativity in all areas are natural for you, yet your talents often remain suppressed, or undeveloped because you tend to sacrifice your spare time and pleasure for the service of others. You are really good at balancing out things that oppose each other which, makes you a natural healer or therapist. Your qualities also make you particularly good in careers such as a social worker, psychologist, or teacher, but also you could be an excellent artist, designer, florist or farmer. You have a lot of skills that are useful in many careers, and skills that help you to aid others, however, you may not be prone to too much personal growth because you may live your life through others. Number 7 Qualities You are incredibly driven by a desire for knowledge and truth, and you are, gifted with an analytical mind and a considerable appetite for answers. Your interests will often lie in philosophy, mysticism, psychology, exploring scientific matters. Careers you may be drawn to are a researcher, writer, thought leader, analyst, investigator, philosopher, priest, inventor, technician, banker, priest or banker. You need time alone with your thoughts, to recuperate from being in the world and to indulge in your favorite thing – research and developing knowledge! The Downside A number seven has vast potential to cut themselves off from others because you like to have time alone and also because you often find it surprising that others lack the depth of knowledge or understanding that you do. This can cause you to feel disappointed, despondent, distant, critical and cynical about life. If you can spend time meditating and trying to connect with the softer elements of life, and in applying compassion to others you’ll find yourself in a beautiful place of wisdom that really can give you peace and balance and help others to attain that too! Number 8 Qualities Eights have the power and potential to achieve fantastic things. But they are also extremely competitive. Whatever you focus on in life you want to be the best and will do everything you can to be the most successful in your field. Money and authority will flow in your life if you can rise to the challenges that the obstacles you will undoubtedly face in life. Discipline is something that you’ll need to practice in buckets, but you have what it takes. These challenges and obstacles are merely highlighting the potential for growth and for you to learn how to handle your power and exactly how much power lies within you. You are a great leader and an excellent judge of character. When you are focused exclusively on your desire for results and success, you can be single-minded, intolerant and a little stubborn. Your journey in life requires you to find balance. A balance between reward and punishment, rest and discipline, give and take, action and reaction, the material and the spiritual. A number 8’s path is long and arduous but can also be incredibly rewarding in every way you can imagine. Number 9 Qualities If you have the number nine in your numerological chart then you will have humanitarian, compassion and idealism as qualities which will show up in the area of your life that the associated core number represents. Depending on which of your core numbers that the number nine shows up in you may have sincere intentions to transform the world into a better place. Involvement in any activity that directly influences the masses for the goodwill please you, and you’d succeed in areas such as healing, psychology, politics, law, environment or animal protection, health especially if they are working for the good of others (the good that is aligned with your beliefs and values). Even though your personality appears to be distant and aloof, you attract others to you; perhaps they can sense the loving and sincere heart that you hold inside but do not express too often. The Downside You don’t judge characters very well because you believe in the goodness of all. Number 11 Qualities 11 is a profoundly intuitive number, and those who hold a number 11 in their charts will have a strong connection to their unconscious mind, their instinct will be strong, and they’ll have an innate knowledge that they know is true but can’t rationalize. This intuition can present problems when trying to justify your ideas and decisions to others without having anything other than instinct to back it up – and as somebody who holds this number in their birth chart, I can confirm it is immensely frustrating! Those with the number 11 are profoundly intuitive, charismatic and can be an influential catalyst for change. The Downside Anxiety, shyness, and stress are the classic cons of a number 11 but also the conflict between two opposing energies. 11 is a number that represents extreme conflict, but is also a profound catalyst for change. This is a challenge that a number 11 will have to learn to manage, and it’s an intense one. If you are living with a master number 11, use it to your advantage, and listen to your instincts, allow your inner voice to guide you toward the right path, and use the energy to develop your own personal power and push through with your spiritual progression. This number is associated with psychics, the occult and things that are unseen so if you feel conflicted about this, push through it and follow what feels right for you. Mysticism and conflict are both in your nature and are presented for you to overcome or embrace. You’ve got this! Master Number 22 Master Number 22 is nicknamed ‘the master builder’ because it holds the most power to build. You have the potential to get things done, let me repeat this; you can get things done! You can make a dream turn into reality, and if you have managed to harness this energy, you are likely to be very successful because of your propensity toward productivity and creation. Those with master number 22 in their charts are usually great leaders. The Downside You are capable of great potential, but you may shy away from your greatness because you doubt yourself or apply too much pressure on yourself. If you have a number 22 in your birth chart, you need to realize your boundless opportunities and your ability to attain your goals and exercise your brilliance. Take the pressure off yourself and make small steps toward your goals, just make sure they are practical and compelling goals. Master Number 33 The master number 33 is nicknamed the ‘master teacher.’ This number combines all elements of the master numbers 11 and 22 in its energy which is how it’s earned its nickname. You are the movers and shakers, you have strong dreams and intuition, and you can take things, profound things to a whole other level. You generally won’t have a personal agenda instead choose to focus on making the world a better place. Whatever you focus on you can bring into reality. You can understand deep subjects fully and are likely to be extremely knowledgeable which you back up with facts. It’s rare to have the master number 33 in your charts. It’s only relevant in a chart if it shows up in one of your core numbers which can be found by calculating your numbers in the following: ● Lifepath ● Personal Expression ● Hearts Desire ● Maturity/Personality Numbers Once you have established all of your core numbers, you now can see how you interact in the world and why you do the things you do. If you keep the numbers to hand and a brief outline of the meaning of each core number then you’ll always have access to it so that it can serve you for the rest of your life. Further studies into the energy of each number, or the meaning of the core numbers will improve your understanding of your fundamental persona.
INTRODUCTION If you are into modern forms of spirituality, perhaps you’ve heard of the law of attraction, right? As one of the most effective ways of manifesting your thoughts to reality, the law of attraction relies on the powers of the universe. For instance, if you are trying to attract true love with romance that exceeds no other, continually forwarding these thoughts to the universe is key to achieving it. After all, everything that there is are merely specks in the vastness of existence itself. But while doing this is already an effective way of moving from potency to actuality, paying attention to one’s sun sign is also key to achieving our goals. Instead of blindly forwarding our thoughts to the universe, aligning it with our sun sign can actually improve the whole process. Thus, we have prepared for you a brief guide of how you can use your sun signs in conjunction with the law of attraction! Using this E-book, you will be able to unlock a new dimension in understanding and executing your goals in life. By gaining a higher insight on your sense of self, you’ll achieve things that you have never before imagined that you can!
SUN SIGNS AND THE LAW OF ATTRACTION As we have mentioned in the introduction, perceiving sun signs as disconnected from the law of attraction is the main hindrance. If you think about it, such perception does not reflect the nature of the new age spirituality. As an eclectic form of spirituality, the new age promotes openness and interconnectivity. These fundamental principles validate the fact that you can use both of them together. But before doing so, it would be nice to have a quick detour to sun signs and the law of attraction itself. For starters, the sun sign is your essential astrology/horoscope sign that’s based on your birth date. As we are born on a particular day, astrology assigns to us a specific sign with unique qualities. Determined by the positions of the stars and planetary entities, our sun sign represents who the universe has destined us to be. To add, our sun signs belong to a particular element, which represents a comprehensive set of qualities. Here they are as follows: fire – Aries, Leo, Sagittarius; water – Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces; Earth – Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn; Air – Gemini, Libra, Aquarius. Fundamentally, fire element represents a burning passion, water as strong emotional resonance, earth as stability and worldly desires, while air as wisdom and knowledge. Moving on, the law of attraction is a spirituality technique/philosophy that believes in the power of positivity. In principle, it seeks to give out positive energy to the universe, hoping that such will also return the same energy to us in ways that can manifest what we want. For instance, by forwarding our real wish to the universe, it can create opportunities where we can act on and turn dreams into reality.
With that, we will discuss each sun sign and how the law of attraction applies particularly to each of them.
ARIES As a fire sign, Aries represents courage and passion above all else. As such, they can be very enthusiastic about things, especially when they are emotionally attached to that which they are pursuing. For instance, if Aries discovers a hobby, they are the type to never give up on it. Regardless of how many hours are needed to practice such, they will dedicate sleepless nights just to perfect their craft. After all, their burning passion is too much for them to put off. Despite such, Aries is known to be impatient. Because they can easily be irked even by the most minor of details, they do have the tendency to mess things up. In response to such, they will employ uncoordinated methods that are driven by their sense of discontent. With that, it pays for you to make a methodical approach with the law of attraction. Instead of simply visualizing what you want and giving it out to the universe, it will work wonders for you to include the process of achieving it. For instance, if you are yearning for that promotion, merely forwarding the thought of you being promoted is not enough. This approach will get you impatient and discontented about things. Instead, it is better for you to think of the process of how you can be promoted. Is it completing a new project? Or perhaps its something about improving your team’s efficiency? By being specific and methodical, the law of attraction will be a positive reinforcement for you and for the universe.
TAURUS As a fixed sign, it is highly unlikely for Taurus to deviate from its nature. Like an immovable mountain, Taurus will stubbornly stick to what they know best. Thus, it pays to carefully examine their qualities. Being an earth sign, Taurus represents stability and worldliness. With that, they can be very patient and dependable as persons, like a friend that you can always count on when you’re in need. On top of that, Taurus also is efficient and realistic. As a matter of fact, they can be such, to the point that they are annoyingly stubborn and hardheaded, to say the least. When they decide to make up their minds, there’s practically no stopping them from changing it. In this case, it works like a double-edged sword. When a Taurus commits to something, expect that they will deliver. But because of this stubbornness, they can be static, boring, and non-flexible at times. With that, they are potentially good at utilizing the law of attraction. Because this law requires much patience and consistency to execute, Taurus becomes a perfect candidate to stick with it and believe fully until the end. But while this is true, Taurus should also assess the things that they wish for. Like a bull, the perspective of Taurus can be very limited to worldly things instead of aspiring what’s up there in the sky. As such, they certainly have the tendency to be quite shallow in the things that they’re attracting for.
GEMINI The Gemini is symbolized by the twins. Like both ends of the coin, Gemini excels at representing conflicting values and perspectives. As such, this makes them intelligent and quick-witted, allowing them to quickly become the lifeblood of a party. Furthermore, as an air sign, Geminis are also naturally smart. Since they have a natural affinity to knowledge itself, they can be very persuasive and funny, as their points can easily reach the minds and hearts of their listeners. But as a two-faced air sign, they are also the most fickle-minded. Part of their quality is to be confused in their own choices, which is perhaps a natural consequence of having too many perspectives. Moreover, they can also be carried away with impulsive decisions, derailing them from their higher ends. With that, the real challenge of Gemini in using the law of attraction is assessing what they really want. As they can be a perfect lover today and a total stranger tomorrow, such a concept also applies to themselves. Being Gemini, their tendency to become wishy-washy can hurt their overall approach using the law of attraction. For instance, they can wish to become a musician today, in which they will utilize the power of positivity. But since that choice can change in a snap, the universe won’t have enough energy and time to manifest it to them. Don’t get me wrong. As a sign, Gemini can be very resourceful and energetic. They just need to identify what they really want.
CANCER Of all the water signs, Cancer is perhaps the most likable and lovable. With their keen powers of intuition and emotional connection, one can quickly feel at ease when talking to a Cancer. As such, they can easily draw the attention of another person in an effortless way. For instance, they can be very intuitive to the point that you don’t need to say a word for them to know that you have a big problem. Instead, they will simply say what you need to hear and hug you, making you feel their warmth. With their ability to resonate with almost anyone, they can create a condition of comfort and reassurance. But while this is their strongest point, such will also be their weakest. In general, Cancer can be overly emotional with their decisions. Instead of logically assessing the situation, they can go with their intuition in a heartbeat. Don’t get me wrong, there are times where our intuition will pay-off big time. But to use it on a regular basis means to hit or miss, leading to a kind of habit that relies solely on such. With that, the way they use the law of attraction can also be very emotional, to say the least. As such, they will wish for things based on what they feel, the sentiments that they have, and the emotions that they convey. While this can be good, such a train of thought can also be easily as fragile. Thus, the critical factor lies in paying attention to their subconscious thoughts and feelings.
LEO Represented by the king of the jungle, Leo effortlessly exudes elegance with passion. Born as leaders, Leo will naturally be dominant and assertive in a positive way. Determined to achieve their goals and dreams in life, they will stop at nothing and will pounce on almost anything to get what they want. After all, they are part of the fire signs. As such, Leo is often gifted with powers of initiative and resourcefulness. Consistently capable of rethinking the scenarios, Leo will excel at making the best out of what they have. Their skills of creativity exceed them, as such always requires avenues of manifestation and execution. Thus, you will often find a Leo as one of the leaders in a team or organization. Coupled with their ability to lead and their prowess in creating and pursuing what they think is best, their efforts will be recognized and will propel them to higher heights. With that, they will often use the law of attraction to positively induce success. And while this can be good for themselves, their passion for leading others can sometimes be out of bounds. For instance, they may insensitively try to attract things that their team members do not necessarily want for their own. As a creative and cunning leader, they perceive that they are rightfully in a position of power. While such can be real, they won’t always know what others want for themselves. Thus, before using the law of attraction, it pays for them to reassess their choices as well.
VIRGO As an earth sign, Virgo is perhaps the smartest of the bunch. With their analytical skills, they are able to re-imagine every scenario and pick the best choice. Coupled with their strong resonance with the world, Virgos will almost always think rationally in a consequentialist manner. For instance, if you’ll give them a task, it is highly likely that they will even produce an output that’s better than your expectations. When they are ruthlessly committed to their current project, they will be able to give it their all as they are laser-sharped focused on what they want to achieve. Being such, they are great at paying attention to detail and, thus, make them as an excellent problem solver. But with this strength also comes a significant weakness – Virgos can be quite shy and timid in general. As such, they do have the tendency to space out from others and solve problems on their own. While they may appear to be approachable, such can easily be their façade to hide their true feelings or intentions on things. Given their logical way of thinking, they don’t easily open up to others for perhaps because they are used to solving things on their own. With that, they should use the law of attraction to bring in a better sense of confidence in themselves. By attracting that positive idea of internal assurance, they can worry less about things and be more decisive about what they want. While they may be able to analyze what’s best for them, it is likely that such can be a significant hindrance to moving forward as they also have the tendency to overthink things.
LIBRA As an air sign, Libra is known to be very charismatic because of their wits. As they are able to cleverly maneuver all conversations, they can be really fun to be with. Putting out jokes from one end to the other, Libra can almost surely become the darling of the crowd. Given such, they will often jump-off from one conversation to the other. As they are great at engaging with others, people will naturally flock for their time and attention. On top of this, Libra is also level-headed. Able to think critically and logically, their approach to things often brings them to achieve their goals methodically. With an intricate understanding of how processes work, their step-by-step approach is indeed exemplary. Despite such, Libra can easily be swayed by others. Perhaps, it is because they give too much value to their social status and persona. In doing so, they take the opinions of others to heart, making it count more than it should. With that, the problem usually lies in their inability to keep things at bay. As they use the law of attraction, they might allow the opinions of others to shape their perspective. When they wish for something, such thought can be largely influenced by what others have to say. This makes them inauthentic in their approach, making the whole positivity attraction as a futile exercise. Thus, the way to go is to make sure the things they seek to attract in their lives are purely their own as well.
SCORPIO While water signs are often recognized for their intuitive and emotional abilities, Scorpios enjoy the same qualities and more. Equipped with a rational mind, the Scorpio can use both their feelings and thoughts to assess things properly. Add to that, Scorpio also is graced with social connectedness. Able to breeze their way through, they can connect to people in a heartbeat. Perhaps this is because they already have a strong sense of emotions coupled with an idea of adequately thinking through things. With that, they are naturally competitive. Whether it is their personal goal or an insignificant contest of some sort, Scorpios will always seek to put out their best in things that they do. Their determined nature will allow them to achieve the things that they want in life, as they represent both skill and determination in the process. But because of these qualities, Scorpio can easily become jealous of others. By being overly competitive and ambitious, their desire to get what others have can almost surely hinder their progress as individuals. Thus, the proper way for them to use the law of attraction is to see that there is enough room for everyone to succeed. By attracting this kind of positive energy, Scorpio will grow into something that exceeds their nature, in a right way. Instead of viewing others as competitors, people above them can be seen as inspirations to move further. Such will propel them to find more significant goals as they possess this positive mindset.
SAGITTARIUS Like a flaming arrow that’s bound to hit its target, Sagittarians will stop at nothing to reach their goals. Burning with passion and desire, their method embodies the pinnacle of preciseness. As such, they are naturally gifted with optimism and positivity, both of which are essential in manifesting the law of attraction. For instance, no matter how bleak a situation might be, they will always have that undying hope that things will turn out fine. Whether it is an unprecedented problem at work or a recurring conflict at home, the sheer amount of willpower that’s contained within Sagittarians is enough to move mountains. Thus, you seldom see them give up on things. But unlike Taurus, they can be more flexible. Though they share the same amount of stubbornness, Sagittarians are better in a different way. However, this optimism isn’t without setbacks. At one point, the fault of Sagittarians is that they can be a bit careless at times. Because they rely on sheer will, there’s a good chance that they’ll forget the intricacies of the process. Thus, they need to constantly reassess if their will and desire are at par with their methods. With that, they just need to remember that the law of attraction is their best ally. By employing the ways of giving out positive energy to the universe, they are able to manifest their will. Sometimes though, they forget this, and they limit themselves on what’s right in front of them. Thus, recognizing the existence of a greater entity will amplify their approach.
CAPRICORN As the last earth sign in this series, Capricorn is perhaps the most ambitious. In a worldly way, they will be setting goals that surpass no other, for they desire what’s higher than them. But unlike Sagittarians, they are more careful and intricate in the way they do things. For instance, they will constantly have that inner reflective consciousness that criticizes their life choices. Like a paradox on their own, Capricorns will internally analyze their approaches without compromising the height of their goals. Because they are determined to get what they want, the obstacles in their way are seen as the path itself. But with this critical attitude, Capricorns tend to be pessimistic. As a sun sign, they can be too critical of themselves to the point that they become cynical on the outcome of things. Instead of pursuing ideas, their internal roadblocks may be too much for them to handle. With that, paying attention to the law of attraction can greatly aid them in their journey. By understanding that nothing is ever done alone, they’ll realize that they need the help of the universe to achieve their goals in life. This notion is crucial for it, at some point, will open their eyes to the fact that they need to have some faith in things. After all, the law of attraction works in a way that we cannot fully grasp at the moment, yet will fall like pieces of the puzzle in the end.
AQUARIUS As a sun sign, Aquarius is the epitome of transformation. Blessed with higher degrees of spirituality and mysticism, they are naturally gifted with powers that transcend human understanding. Able to understand what the layman cannot, Aquarians can go beyond the scope of reason and knowledge itself. For instance, it is far easier for them to manifest a spiritual awakening. From an everyday person’s experience, it takes a lot of instances before they are able to achieve this higher sense of self. But for Aquarians, they are born and destined for such, since their zodiac sign represents a strong resonance to the higher world. Because of this, it is easier for them to even experience paranormal entities and the like. If not spiritually, they are still gifted with the knowledge to go beyond what’s there. As their main task is to impart their transformative powers to the world, you’ll often see them looking for new ways to interpret and understand reality. Like innovators and visionaries, Aquarians will produce new inventions and philosophies to help us change our lives. In this case, they are already aware of how the law of attraction works. With that, the key for them is to realize that this is an amplifier for their goals. After all, their weakness lies in being disconnected from the world itself. As they pursue spiritual heights, they can easily forget the mundane concerns of the ordinary man. With that, they can address this by appealing to the law of attraction itself since this level of positivity connects all that there is.
PISCES As the last sun sign, Pisces is represented by the two fish symbols. With strong resonance with water elements, they are gifted in ways that are beyond one’s imagination. Why so? The primary reason behind such is the fact that they represent the balance of yin and yang. In essence, this means that they can have resonance from both ends of the spectrum, from masculinity to femininity. Given such, they are able to have that balanced approach in things. They can be sensitive yet at the same time rational, intuitive yet methodic. Thus, they are able to re-imagine things beyond any other sun sign since they themselves are a strong representation of the paradox itself. However, this also means that an unbalanced Pisces spells a strong recipe for disaster. As they seek to embody both ends of the spectrum, they can easily be led to a state of indecisiveness. This essentially paralyzes them from achieving anything, since the conflicting perspectives can almost certainly ramp-up their current state of confusion. As such, they will have to assess what they really want. By using reflection and meditation, they can evaluate for themselves the real essence of that which they are pursuing in life. After doing so, that’s the time for them to use the law of attraction. In this way, they won’t be attracting conflicting ideas of the good life, which allows them to focus on one thing at a time.
Final WORD With the 12 sun signs and their respective manifestations of the law of attraction, we hope to have imparted to you a good grasp about how you can apply such in your life. Simply by identifying your own sun sign, you’ll have an idea of how to properly employ this sense of direction in a way that fits you. Unlike others who simply ramble about the hype surrounding this majestic method, yours will be polished. Like a sword that is properly made, the way you cut through the negativity and confusion using this law will be swift and precise. After all, the general ideas given above will allow you to apply the law of attraction as you see fit.
Owner and Founder At The Goddess Bibles A Memoir By Laura Zukerman
Are you familiar with the 12 zodiac signs? At some point, I’m pretty sure that you have an idea about what I’m trying to talk about. I mean, who doesn’t know about the daily horoscopes and zodiac readings, right? While most of us are fond of the end product, which is the horoscope reading, only a few are quite knowledgeable about the complex nature of horoscopes. With many factors affecting one’s destiny, such are determined by many indicators like date of birth or position of the stars. But more importantly, did you know that planets are considered as primary determiners of one’s fate? Yes, the proper position of planets does have an impact on one’s destiny. Thus, by having an intricate understanding of their function, one can have a better grasp of their fate and destination in life. In this E-book, we will be discussing the planets and their intrinsic value that they have in one’s being.
How Are Planets Related To Our Destiny? In general, astrology seeks to determine one’s destiny by having a proper reading of what the stars and planets have to say. With that, specific meanings and values are assigned to each planet. Furthermore, they are basically divided into two things: the inner and outer planets. For starters, inner planets include the Sun, Moon, Mercury, Mars, and Venus. They are considered to be fast-moving planets, and thus, affects our daily lives. Inversely, the outer planets such as Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, Uranus, and Pluto, are known to be slow-moving. With that, they are responsible for the overall direction that usually takes months or even years in order to manifest. Furthermore, these planets are also known to be associated with particular zodiac signs. For instance, Mars possesses qualities of aggression and ambition, both of which actively represents Aries. Thus, it is often regarded as the warrior planet. More on this will be discussed in detail in the succeeding sections. But what does a planet do to our zodiac sign? In general, planets are known to rule over our zodiac signs. Meaning when these moving celestial bodies come into contact
with our zodiac sign, it creates a reaction as it actives the qualities of our zodiac sign in-conjunction with its own attributes. By using a combination of the planetary positioning, your zodiac sign, and its movement, your fate is determined by the stars.
Types Of Planetary Movements Before diving deep into the meaning and function of each planet, it also vital for you to know the basic types of planetary movements. By knowing them, you’ll get to have a general idea when terms like retrograde and solar eclipse a re mentioned. First, let’s begin with retrograde. Popularly known for the term Mercury Retrograde, a lot of non-astrology enthusiasts caught fire because of this one. Knowing to bring bad luck on almost all levels of one’s life, a person is technically to avoid doing anything at all during this time span. However, did you know that not all retrogrades are that negative? A Pluto retrograde, for instance, means the backward movement of the planet Pluto. If your sign is affected by this, it may produce a positive result by creating a condition where you get to assess and contemplate on your decisions and actions in life. As such, the term retrograde simply means a backward movement of planets while a prograde means a forward motion, in comparison to the general direction of your moving planet. By paying attention to its meaning, you’ll be able to tell if a planetary retrograde for your sign will do you good or not.
Moreover, eclipses are also significant events for one’s zodiac sign. As luminaries, the sun and the moon are technically not planets. This is why their movement is always considered. With that, them overlapping each other means something. Most likely, this means that your ruling planet will be influenced by such. This is basically a toss-coin whose effects can be positive or negative, depending on one’s zodiac sign. By being familiar with these terms, you won’t be jargonized when reading them. Instead of being blindly afraid when hearing the term retrograde, you’ll be able to step back and assess first what actions to do or how to feel about it. Similarly, an eclipse that’s taking effect on your planet often means that it is a window time for you to change things. As this once in a blue moon moment happens, knowing its meaning allows you to capitalize on their functions.
Understanding The Function Of Each Planet Given that you are already familiar with how the celestial system works, taking into consideration the meaning and value of each planet is the next step. By knowing which planets are associated with what, you’ll be able to tell how to approach your fortune. Sun Known to be the biggest star, the sun is at the heart of the solar system. As such, all other planets revolve around this life bringer that emits energy until it dies. Technically, without the sun, all other lifeforms will not survive. Similarly, our fate hugely depends on this celestial body, as well. For their function, the Sun is known to be responsible for our basic personality. Meaning, this celestial body determines the general self that is perceived by society on us. For instance, if you are hardworking, then you must be responsible. And while all signs can share this universal trait, this is often interpreted varyingly. Thus, some signs may appear more hardworking than others. As for its movement, this Planet changes on a monthly basis. With that, different months have varying dominant signs, as well.
Finally, the Sun is strongly associated with Leo. Representing qualities of pure energy, elegance, and passion, this planet symbolizes one’s basic desires in life. Furthermore, it is also understood to be the bearer of leadership, authority, and male dominance. Inversely, its negative qualities are the natural consequences of its strength. Generally, this planet can be too dominant and bossy, especially when we are unable to handle its power over us. Thus, its impact on our dominant planet can overamplify our qualities and make us become overconfident. Moon While the sun represents the expressed, the moon contains the covert. Often regarded for its mystical nature, the Moon is often a subject of wonder. Understood as earth’s satellite, it reflects the light from the sun during nighttime. As such, it is densely connected to things that are buried deep within us. For its function, the Moon is known to be responsible for our emotions and subconscious thoughts. Meaning, this celestial body determines how we truly feel about things that are usually based on intuition. For instance, in making choices, one can be rational about it yet think a level of inner discomfort. As it relates strongly to our emotive nature, the Moon sign seeks to represent a part of our humanity. Thus, allowing us to gain access to non-rational spheres of existence such as emotions and spirituality.
As for its movement, this Planet changes every two to three days. With that, it’s a bit more unstable and inconsistent as different moons may affect the way we perceive things. Finally, the Moon is strongly associated with Cancer. Representing qualities of emotional resonance and innate intuition, this planet symbolizes one’s subconscious desires. Furthermore, it is also understood to be associated with moods, fluctuations, and female energy. Inversely, its negative qualities are the natural consequences of its strength. Generally, this planet can be too dreamy and unstable, causing us to take actions that we initially would not. Thus, its impact on our dominant planet can tilt the scales of balance between rationality and emotion. Mercury Being the closest planet to the sun, Mercury is regarded to be the hottest planet. But more importantly, Mercury comes from its Greek origin, which means “messenger of the gods.” As such, it is profoundly connected to our social spheres of life, particularly the way we communicate with others. For its function, the planet Mercury is known to be responsible for all types of communication. Meaning, this celestial body determines how we will deliver our thoughts and feelings to others or even to ourselves. For instance, in communicating with others,
we don’t always provide the impression that we want. Instead, we may sometimes say one thing but do the other since we can’t correctly frame our delivery. Thus, observing how mercury relates to our host planet will give us a good idea of how things in this aspect will turn out. As for its movement, this Planet changes every three to four weeks. With that, it tends to linger around for a moderate span of time. Finally, the planet Mercury is strongly associated with Gemini and Virgo. Representing qualities of communication and transformation, this planet gives us new ways of understanding and interpreting the world. Furthermore, it is also understood to be associated with rationality, intellect, perceptions, and sibling relationships. Inversely, its negative qualities are the natural consequences of its strength. Generally, this planet can be too inconsistent and unreliable, causing us to say words that we don’t really mean. Thus, its impact on our dominant planet can tilt the way we relate with others. Venus Named after the Roman goddess of love, the planet Venus bears much of what we usually want. Understood as earth’s satellite, it
reflects the light from the sun during nighttime. As such, it is densely connected to things that are buried deep within us. For its function, the planet Venus is known to be responsible for our love and relationships. Meaning, this celestial body determines how we will blossom on this aspect of our life as it creates instances or blockages for it. For example, in trying to build new relationships with others, romance can be a critical factor that’s decided by perfect timing. Being at the right place at the right time and as a right person is something that Venus has strong influences upon. As for its movement, this Planet changes every four to five weeks. With that, its influence on you will linger on a moderate span of time, regardless of whether it is good or bad. Finally, the planet Venus is strongly associated with Taurus and Libra. Representing qualities of arts, wealth, and romance, this planet symbolizes one’s earthly desires. Furthermore, it is also understood to be associated with cultures, self-love, and possessions. Inversely, its negative qualities are the natural consequences of its strength. Generally, this planet can cause us to display too much vanity and narcissism. Thus, its impact on our dominant planet can tilt the scales on how we see ourselves in conjunction with others.
Mars Mars is the 4th planet away from the sun. In general, its reddish color is often associated with energy and passion. Also named after the God of War, this planet represents the same qualities of conflict and progress. After all, creation requires destruction, something that this planet gains a subtle understanding of. Thus, its burning energy is something that’s definitely necessary for us to move forward. For its function, the planet Mars is known to be responsible for our energy and action to move forward. Meaning, this celestial body determines if we will be able to conquer the challenges ahead. For instance, in pursuing a new career, one must remain steadfast as he/she gains skills and experience, which are necessary for progress. At the same time, one must also be courageous and daring, both of which strongly resonates with Mars. As for its movement, this Planet changes every six to seven weeks. With that, either the lack of drive and passion or the abundance thereof is expected to be stable for this amount of time. Finally, the planet Mars is strongly associated with Aries. Representing qualities of courage, power, and aggression, this planet represents one’s inner will to progress. Furthermore, it is also understood to be associated with sexuality, physical health, and endurance.
Inversely, its negative qualities are the natural consequences of its strength. Generally, this planet can cause us to become impatient and overly aggressive. Thus, its impact on our dominant planet can tilt the scales of how we act and carry out our goals. Jupiter Known as the king of gods, Jupiter ruled over the skies. Similarly, its astrological meaning is closely intertwined with this idea as the planet shares strong resonance with one’s higher thinking skills and spirituality. Also, this planet is often called the “Planet of Luck” as our destinies can be determined by it. With that, this planet often brings transformation and change to our lives. For its function, the planet Jupiter is known to be responsible for our perspectives and direction in life. Meaning, this celestial body determines how we see things and our part in it. For instance, in pursuing a career, Jupiter enables us to assess the long term direction and how it will impact us as a whole. This brings qualities of reflection and analysis, something that’s native on this planet. As for its movement, the planet Jupiter changes every 12 – 13 months. As such, it is clearly a part of the outer planets whose actions are considered as slow.
Finally, the planet Jupiter is strongly associated with Sagittarius. Representing qualities of good fortune, prosperity, and broader perspectives, this planet symbolizes one’s way of looking at the world. Furthermore, it is also understood to be associated with sports, optimism, and superconscious mind. Inversely, its negative qualities are the natural consequences of its strength. Generally, this planet can cause us to become too materialistic and extravagant. Thus, its impact on our dominant planet can tilt the scales of how we choose the kind of life that we want to live. Saturn Known to be the god of agriculture and wealth, this planet is often viewed as the taskmaster. Ruling over how we see our work and careers, its influences will often shape this fundamental aspect of our lives. For its function, the planet Saturn is known to be dominant in our sense of responsibility, discipline, and commitment. Meaning, this celestial body determines how we will devote ourselves to our chosen path of career. For instance, in trying to get a promotion, it is not only about our own skills and talents. More importantly, the way we view our work and execute it determines whether we’re ready for more significant tasks. Saturn determines this, allowing us to be more or less.
As for its movement, this planet changes every two to three years. With that, it often poses a shift after this long span of time. This leads you to continually re-assess your career path. Finally, the planet Saturn is strongly associated with Capricorn. Representing qualities of experience, wisdom, and elderly respect, this planet symbolizes one’s reverence for themselves and others. Furthermore, it is also understood to be associated with discipline, patience, and tradition. Inversely, its negative qualities are the natural consequences of its strength. Generally, this planet can cause us to become suspicious and jealous of others. Thus, its impact on our dominant planet can change the way we compare our standing with other people. Uranus Uranus is known to be the god of the sky and heavens. As a planet, it is the epitome of change and transformation. With that, the impact of this planet is perhaps the greatest among all, for it can turn your life in the most unexpected ways. Paying attention to its movement is crucial if you want to be wary of sudden changes. For its function, the planet Uranus is known to represent our innovative and creative energies. Meaning, this celestial body determines how we will celebrate our own sense of originality in things that we do. For instance, when this planet is in action, we might feel a sense of lack and discontent, often challenging us to
build something new for our lives. Thus, like new pages in a book, Uranus opens up new paths in almost any area of our existence. As for its movement, this planet changes every seven years. Uniquely, this is the only planet that signifies a specific number instead of a range, indicating that most changes in life happen every 7 years. If you look at our lives, the ages of 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35 represent significant changes and shifts. Finally, the planet Saturn is strongly associated with Aquarius. Representing qualities of transformation, change, and freedom, this planet represents one’s boldness. Furthermore, it is also understood to be related to social reform, scientific progress, and even paranormal discoveries. Inversely, its negative qualities are the natural consequences of its strength. Generally, this planet can cause us to become rebellious and eccentric. Thus, its impact on our dominant planet can change the way we treat institutions and traditions. Neptune As the Roman god of the seas and earthquakes, Neptune was valued by sailors and travelers. Similarly, Neptune is regarded as the planet that strongly resonates with the water element. This implies that the planet has a more sophisticated sense of resonance, especially with one’s feelings and emotions. Thus, it carries a
certain sense of mysticism with it, as such is generally accessed by feeling instead of thinking. For its function, the planet Neptune is known to be responsible for our sense of spirituality, intuition, and clairvoyance. Meaning, this celestial body determines the highs and lows of our psychic energy. For instance, in experiencing a spiritual awakening, one becomes more aware of the transcendental realities before him/her. Thus, you are often led by this planet to higher spheres of existence. As for its movement, this planet changes every 10 to 12 years. Just as one’s spirituality takes time to manifest, this slow-moving planet will take years to exhibit its transformational effects. Finally, the planet Neptune is strongly associated with Pisces. Representing qualities of intuition, selflessness, and cosmic love, this planet symbolizes one’s ability to go beyond what’s there. Furthermore, it is also understood to be associated with arts, diplomacy, and entertainment. Inversely, its negative qualities are the natural consequences of its strength. Generally, this planet can cause us to become secretive and delusional. Thus, its impact on our dominant planet can make us question our own realities.
Pluto As the last planet in this series, Pluto is known to be the farthest from the Sun. In consequence, this planet is the slowest moving and coldest. Thus, its effect is often on the long-term side and is generally directed to our overall direction. Paying attention to this planet and what it has to say will generally impact us in the most unique way. For its function, the planet Pluto is known to be responsible for our transformation. Meaning, this celestial body determines how we will cope with change and despair, both of which are understood to be inevitable in one’s existence. For instance, with the death of a family member, this event usually shapes us or breaks us. Like a crisis, it can either improve our overall actions and outlook or diminish such. As for its movement, this planet changes every 12 to 15 years. With that, it is the slowest moving planet, often signifying a significant shift in our lives. Finally, the planet Pluto is strongly associated with Scorpio. Representing qualities of contemplation, transformation, and progression, this planet represents one’s desire to transcend the physical and the mundane. Furthermore, it is also understood to be associated with birth, death, and the subconscious mind.
Inversely, its negative qualities are the natural consequences of its strength. Generally, this planet can cause us to become anti-social and even rebellious. Thus, its impact on our dominant planet can change the way we perceive our own reality.
Final Word By being able to grasp the meaning of each planet and how it can possibly impact your life, you’ll be able to live it out in accordance with the universe. More often than not, things can seemingly work against us simply because we are not aligned with what the world has set for us. As such, the way to go is to be mindful of planetary movements. In doing so, it will be easier for you to go with the tide. For instance, you’ll be able to execute your plans in critical areas of your life with better timing and rhythm. This will be crucial not only in your daily choices but also in your overall direction. Through this E-book, we hope to have imparted some essential information that can help you achieve more in life. Always remember that as planets move, we are also running. This ensures a cosmic balance, something that we need to respect and abide by.
Owner and Founder At The Goddess Bibles A Memoir By Laura Zukerman
Introduction Most of us are usually familiar with the 12 zodiac signs. By reading about it on the internet, we get to have a simple digest of things that we want to know about ourselves. For instance, we can read about today’s horoscope and frame our actions based on it. If it is quite negative, then perhaps we can be a bit prudent for the day. Inversely, if it is generous, then perhaps we can be more daring. More often than not, horoscopes are used this way. Giving us a general prediction of the near and far future, we open our perspectives to what the universe says about us. Instead of simply relying on our own intuition and logic, the approach of integrating this form of divination will greatly improve your chances of being one with the universe in every choice we make. As such, deepening your understanding of astrology and natal charts will help you learn more about yourself. By exploring the secret of the astrological nodes, you can unravel what the celestial bodies say about you and your direction in life. Thus, in this E-book, we will be exploring how we can utilize these nodes to our benefit!
What Are Astrological Nodes? By definition, a node is a point where two lines meet. Like an intersection, nodes can be understood as a merging point of two things. As such, an astrological node is an intersection of two celestial bodies. In understanding astrology, it is crucial to point out that planetary movements are a major basis of one’s fate. Given that each planet travels around the sun, their trajectories are also taken into account in discussing them. With that, these points are understood to bear a significant meaning with them. To begin with, the lunar nodes are points where the moon’s orbit went past through your plane during birth. As such, there are two nodes under the lunar node, namely, the north node and the south node. Simply put, the north node can be understood as your courage zone. Meaning, in this lifetime, you are meant to transcend your old ways by accepting this calling. As you step in this courage zone, you will learn a new aspect of yourself, which will help you become more as an individual. Inversely, the south node is more like a comfort zone. Containing your natural set of skills and preferences, this node signals who you are. In general, they can be treated as our innate gifts. However, they also represent the things that we need to move forward. By integrating the nodes in how we live your life, you will get a different sense of self. Thus, in the succeeding sections, you’ll get to unlock the meaning of both north and south nodes in your life.
Aries & Libra Lunar Nodes As the first pair in this series, the Aries north node challenges us to step out from the supporting role. While Aries is able to provide the much-needed support within the group, this function somehow limits the manifestation of Aries towards greatness. Because this is considered as their comfort zone, they must transcend it in order to unravel a new aspect of their personality. In this case, Aries must assess how they interact with other people. By reflecting on the nature of their group dynamics, Aries creates an opportunity for growth. One instance that they have to take note of is their passive approach in life. Whether it is in work or in their personal life, the supporting role is often perceived passively. Without the desire to shine or stand-out, Aries can easily be left out to themselves. Inversely, this Aries north node is Libra’s south node. Meaning, as Aries needs to step-up, Libra needs to step down. By being overly comfortable with this “me-first” mentality, Libra can be good at making things happen on their own. As such, they don’t have to rely on others to realize what they want. Instead, they can simply go for their goals as they have the ability to do so on their own. With that, Libra must conquer the challenge of humility. By stepping down from the lead role, they will be able to see what they usually don’t – the plight of the supporting role. As such, this will widen the perspective of Libra in things such that when they become leaders again, they would be one’s that will embody a lot of wisdom and not only courage. Thus, if you are born with an Aries north node or a Libra south node, such means that you’ve mastered relationships in your previous life. By doing so, you are coming strong as you have
great interpersonal skills. The key for you here is to know where to position yourself. If you have an Aries north node, then most likely, you’ll be dealing with anger issues. Burning with passion and a strong desire to make things happen, you have to be conscious of how you are channeling this energy. Similarly, those with Libra north nodes must learn how to commune with others. This will teach them how to adjust and be one with shared goals.
Taurus and Scorpio Lunar Nodes Those bearing the Taurus north nodes must be able to release their Scorpio south nodes. In particular, the Scorpio south nodes include a flurry of incoherencies like sexual aggression, being manipulative or secretive, and even relying on others. Consumed by their desire to put up a positive impression, they may overshoot themselves in the process. As such, their approach should be in line with the Taurus north node. In accepting simplicity and truth, they are able to see a different perspective in life. Instead of being trapped in their usual perception about how things should be, this enlightening approach can lead them towards a more meaningful existence. If you are bearing a Scorpio north node with a Taurus south node, this means that you basically have to go beyond the comfort zones of Taurus. As an earth sign, Taurus is known to have a strong resonance with the world and worldly concerns. Meaning, they are keen on pursuing things that are physical, sensual, and materialistic. As such, this Taurus south node is known to be very stubborn, stable, and loyal in their own goals. However, what they lack is the re-assessment of these goals. By identifying its meaning and purpose, re-assessing things can be a key factor in moving forward. With that, the best direction is the Scorpio north node. In this path, one is to embrace spirituality and mysticism. By reconnecting with the divine, you are able to gain a new sense of meaning that transcends money and sex. Such definitely means that you are going out of your comfort zone and that growth is something imminent as a natural consequence.
Furthermore, the Scorpio north node also suggests a coalition with others. By entering joint ventures and letting others contribute to your financial goals, you’ll be destined towards prosperity. Given such, the coverage of the Taurus and Scorpio north/south nodes are generally focused on the tension between the physical and the spiritual. By being mindful of this push and pull tension between them, you’ll be able to arrive at new ways to deal with this problem. The critical approach here for Scorpio north node is to assess what they can do to fix the issue instead of yearning about what- ifs. For the Taurus north node, their task is in making sure to impart to others their blessings and good tidings.
Gemini and Sagittarius Lunar Nodes For Gemini and Sagittarius, the lunar nodes are generally directed on communication and community-building. As such, these nodes present a polarity between the Gemini and Sagittarian approach to things. To begin with, having a Gemini north node means that you are yearning for communal stability. As such, your comfort zone should be the Sagittarian south node, which translates to one word – wanderlust. Yes, having a Gemini north node means that you should practically give up all sorts of instability and inconsistencies in life. Meaning, you are to focus on things that last and ones that will bring constructive outcomes. For instance, traveling and building new relationships in each city you visit is a strong example of a Sagittarian south node. Because it is their forte to go out there and explore, they seldom create lasting relationships that are anchored on shared communal goals. Instead of pursuing this, your aim is to do away from it and focus on your courage, which primarily rests on sustainable goals and communities. Inversely, a Sagittarian north node suggests that you should do away from the familiar and the stagnant. What is considered to be foundational and essential are things that you are strongly resonant with. However, whether you like it or not, this type of thinking can also curtail your potentials. As such, one example of this is transferring to another town for work. Especially when you are coming from a small town, transferring to a bigger one often gives an unprecedented conclusion for you. Whereas you see your hometown as the
perfect place to build yourself in, choosing to drift away will definitely yield greater dividends for you, given that you are a bearer of the Sagittarian north node. Furthermore, do not forget that Gemini is a communication sign. As such, if you bear the Gemini north node, your courage zone lies in your ability to deal with others. By engaging in a democratic way, you’ll learn to get their respect without forcing it. Finally, Sagittarius can be associated with one’s spirituality. As such, it can be the key to unlocking not only your personal but also your spiritual perspective. This path leads you to higher levels of uncertainty, but also deeper insights on the way you integrate spirituality in your personal dealings.
Cancer and Capricorn Lunar Nodes Focused on the innate tension of the anima and the animus, this strong push and pull between feminine and masculine energies are represented by these two zodiac signs. As Cancer exhibits strong qualities of emotion and intuition, they are associated with feminine energy. Inversely, Capricorn, which is an earth sign, shares strong resonance with paternalism, structure, and career. With that, having a Cancer north node simply means that you are to pursue the values of feminine energy. When you bear a Cancer north node, it also means that you have a Capricorn south node which explains your inherent comfort in worldly goods and logical conclusions. But in order to widen your perspective, you’ll also need to see from the other side. For instance, in deciding about moral issues, a worldly and rational standpoint can either be consequential or deontological. In the classic case of whether or not it is right to steal a drug in order to save your spouse, the Capricorn south node will favor based on one’s moral preference. However, pursuing a Cancer north node means that you will feel from their shoes and do everything in your power to save them. Inversely, a Cancer south node means that you have strong intuition and relational skills. In order to cope with life or excel in it, you often rely on this ability to understand and feel the plight of others. As such, you are known to be that prized pacifier in a team which alleviates the tension within the group. However, while this is your strength, such is also your limit. Because you are never truly able to transcend this, you are limited in an intuitive and emotional approach. Thus, you need to
pursue the Capricorn north node, which centers on the pursuit of personal stability and sufficiency. Thus, you are shifting from strong motherly instincts to fatherly ones. As a reaction, you will definitely become more logical and instrumental in the way you assess things in your life. Lastly, always remember that both of these signs are known to cross both the earth and sea. Like a crab, Cancer is at home with the water sign but can also access the earth sign. Similarly, the Capricorn, which is a sea-goat, is at home at land, yet may access the sea. This signals that despite being opposites regarding their node relations, both signs are destined to this calling.
Leo and Aquarius Lunar Nodes As for Leo and Aquarius, the whole tension is centered upon the rhetoric of the commoners and the royals. Each having contrasting views of the world, these two are naturally different, given how things appear to them by birth. Stemming from a commoner’s perspective, life is meant to be difficult and impoverished such that one must exert all efforts to transcend it. However, from a royal’s perspective, life is meant to be lived in the most grandiose way as they rule over themselves and others. As such, if you have a Leo north node, this means that you have lived your past life in plight and impoverishment. While you may be comfortable in these struggles, it takes a lot of courage to step out of them and transcend your situation. With that, you must look at how you can live the life of the royals in your own way. One way to do this is to change your environment. Whereas you were used to hanging out with people of your league, shifting to those you can’t reach will force you to metamorphosis. By learning new concepts from the royals themselves, you’ll get to see the other side of the coin. Inversely, having an Aquarius north node means that your past life was centered on royalty. Perhaps, you were living a life of prestige and honor as you were a son or daughter of a duke. But in this lifetime, the cosmic alignments point towards your task of resonating with the marginalized. Meaning, while it may cause you to discomfort to go out there and to commune with those who are in need, it is necessary for you to do so in order to grow. Remember, you are used to with wealth and honor such that they became your comfort zones. But by
learning how to engage with those who are in need, you allow yourself to grow with a broader perspective in life. Thus, remember that Leo is a bearer of royalty while Aquarius is meant to bring transformation. As long as you are able to envision for yourself how you can apply such perspectives in your life, you’ll be able to get to your courage zone in no time!
Virgo and Pisces Lunar Nodes With the last set of lunar nodes, the whole discussion centers on the tension between reasonability and creativity. Whereas Virgo is ruled by the planet Mercury which is known for its cleverness, Pisces is ruled by the planet Neptune which is heavily associated with dreaminess. Given such, you’re most likely getting the picture here – two conflicting ways of assessing reality. In this case, a Virgo north node means that you have to transcend your daydreams. By taking a more realistic assessment of what’s going on in your life, you’ll be able to go beyond your usual dreamy approach, as this is your Pisces south node. For instance, one problem with being too dreamy is that you can be easily stuck in your own thoughts. Instead of actualizing something, the thought of making it can already consume you. As such, the way to go is to analyze things using logic and data, something that an earth sign would do. With that, you’ll integrate a sense of practicality in your approach. Inversely, a Pisces north node means that you have to somehow give up such a rational approach. Instead of limiting yourself in the facts and the data that’s in your hands, you go beyond it by accepting that the universe is bigger than you and that other forces might be in play. An example of this would be on how to understand the negative things that are going on in your life right now. Interpreting them from a strictly rational standpoint means that you won’t get to see how universal energy must be restored in your system. Furthermore, such a stringent approach from a Virgo south node lacks creativity and intuition, something that you can draw out from pursuing the Pisces north node.
By taking into account how you can integrate and balance the other side of these two perspectives, you are certainly bound towards self-growth and development. You don’t necessarily have to give up either of them. Instead, you can simply add and prioritize one over the other. After all, your south node is your comfort zone, the spring, which will propel you to heights. So, it wouldn’t make sense to simply ditch them for some new goal that’s set by your north node.
Final Word In this E-book, we have discussed the Nodes of Fate. As a life plan, these lunar nodes can serve as pointers to us and lead us towards the more progressive options in life. By essence, what the lunar nodes are trying to teach us is to simply do away from our comfort zones and pursue our courage zones. As each of the north and south nodes discuss this, you’ll get a sense of how much can apply in your life. Simply by knowing their meaning and identifying your north node, you already have that much sought life map, which will bring meaning and success to you. As long as you follow the path that the stars have set for you, you won’t be going against the current of the universe. Bearing the universal energy which will push you through challenges and conflicts, having such as is your ultimate ally in this journey called life.
Owner and Founder At The Goddess Bibles A Memoir By Laura Zukerman
Awakening One’s Psychic Abilities Perhaps, one way or another, we’ve heard of that story about someone who possesses supernatural powers. Able to predict the future, they write documents and proofs that serve as anomalous readings about what will happen next. And whether we like it or not, some do actually have this ability. For instance, the famous Nostradamus serves as a well-known example of this. As he writes about his prophecies, it turns out that one happens after another, with rationalists being unable to explain how this can happen. After all, who would have thought that this is possible? With that, this points only to one explanation – the existence of supernatural abilities. Despite being unable to explain them, the presence of psychic abilities often tells us that there exists beyond the tangible and the rational. Instead of exclusively understanding the world from the lens of the sciences, giving enough credit for these transcendental experiences will allow us to gain a new perspective. By not being limited to earthly desires and knowledge, we open ourselves to things that are beyond us. Thus, join us on this journey as you unravel a new aspect of yourself! By seeing how you can possibly use your mind to impact your reality, you’ll gain a unique ability, which will help you in numerous ways. As such, in this E-book, we’ll be thoroughly discussing the 5 basic types of psychic abilities and 8 proven ways to harness them. By reading through, you’ll be able to understand what they are, on top of gaining practical knowledge on how to execute them.
What are Psychic Abilities? Generally speaking, psychic abilities are often non-tangible ways of impacting the world. Going beyond the sense of reason and common sense, man is able to connect with the higher powers of the universe and wield them. If you think of cosmic energy, you can consider its basic form as universal and formless. Because it is such, it can become the life source of all that there is. Regardless of a being’s essence (which can be a stone, plant, human, etc.), this life force is the one that allows it to exist. With that, psychic abilities are one way of harnessing this universal life force. By employing spiritual methods, one is able to transcend the material world and use paranormal means of actualizing this. For instance, when one does telepathy, a rational and scientific method won’t be applicable. After all, would there be a way to measure this ability? Of course, we can never measure their strength. Unlike liquids or programs, this thing cannot be quantified or rationalized. Even so, it doesn’t necessarily deny its existence. Because we are able to experience cases where one can forward these thoughts, people can never deny the truth that there indeed exists a way to do it. With that, we’ll be moving on by discussing the 5 basic types of psychic abilities. Although there are a lot more that can be added to this list, we’ll focus on the 5 most common and fundamental ways of utilizing this cosmic energy.
Furthermore, this E-book will also continue by outlining 8 ways to awaken one’s psychic abilities. By doing so, you’ll gain access to a practical guide on how you can begin your baby steps in this journey.
Psychic Ability #1: Astral Projection As one of the most commonly experienced forms of psychic ability, the astral projection has solid multicultural roots. Given that it is experienced universally amongst people who have a higher sense of spirituality, astral projection is something that is renowned as a type of psychic ability. Basically, astral projection is the ability to separate the mind from the body. Given the presumption of the dichotomy between the brain and the body, some experts have testified that it is indeed possible to separate them. By doing so, one can achieve things that he/she won’t usually be able to. For instance, astral projection allows a person to travel beyond the physical realm simply because they have shifted to their spiritual existence. With that, individuals who are able to harness this ability can consciously manipulate their experiences. Unlike dreams where we are bound by the unconscious elements in it, astral projection gives us a fully operational conscious state. As such, practitioners of this ability tell us that it is even possible to see their spirit/soul as it separates from the body during sleep. Like a ghost, that spirit is able to wander around and perceive things that they usually wouldn’t like energies and auras. Given this, a lot of people seek to have a higher level of spirituality. By doing so, they will gain access to their own spiritual planes through astral projection itself.
Psychic Ability #2: Clairvoyance Even if you’re not a fan of America’s Got Talent, the social media space would be enough to tell you about a pair of clairvoyants in their show. Able to perceive the immediate future of particular events, these tricksters present to us what’s commonly referred to as clairvoyance. To begin with, clairvoyance stems from the French words clair meaning clear and voyance, which means vision. Defined as the ability to gain extrasensory information, this psychic ability is recognized by individuals despite the fact that the general masses are unable to explain such events. With that, clairvoyance is often used to predict life events. By having this psychic ability, one can manipulate his/her destiny instead of being merely subject to it. For instance, clairvoyance gives you the power to know if someone in the group is deliberately lying to you. Because you are able to conclude without proof, you don’t need to prepare traps in order to catch them doing it. Instead, you can simply avoid them, for you already know what they’re up to. By having a peek into the near future, clairvoyance allows you to make better choices in life.
Psychic Ability #3: Intuition Being the most basic among the bunch, intuition is a psychic ability that almost anyone can master. By using intuition, one is relying on his/her gut instead of actual proofs on something. As such, it gives the user the ability to assess things without the need for evidence. In its purest form, intuition can be understood as a way of using a combination of one’s emotive and spiritual powers. By sharpening one’s intuition, the user can have a solid hunch about what’s to come. For instance, this ability is commonly practiced by women, particularly mothers. Even in the absence of facts, a mother will be able to tell if their children are experiencing something wrong in school. All it takes are a combination of one’s feeling and some clues or hints. These clues are often presented by the child. In this case, the child may appear bothered or uneasy. Even when they are deliberately hiding it, the mother will be able to see through, allowing her to engage in a series of verifications. Similarly, intuition can also be pure. Without any hint at all, a mother will be able to have that feeling that’s accompanied by goosebumps. Generally, this happens as a vague hunch. By connecting to their spiritual self, intuition manifests through goosebumps or premonitions about themselves or others.
Psychic Ability #4: Precognition Being a combination of both intuition and clairvoyance, precognition is the ability to predict future events. By tapping into one’s spiritual powers, the user can get a vivid picture of things that are yet to occur in their lives. But unlike clairvoyance, which is usually short to middle distance of vision, precognition seeks to unravel the far future. For instance, this often happens in dreams that occur years before the actual event. In this case, one can foresee the death of a loved one or the future career of themselves and the like. Because they have the ability to predict the far future, precognition bears its own unique value. With that, this psychic ability is advantageous in trying to determine one’s path. Given that each person has a different way that’s laid upon them by birth, a person who has the ability to predict one’s direction can give meaning to ones’ struggles. While others remain confused and conflicted with what’s happening to them, the enlightened person can make sense of the situation. By being able to see how one event connects to the other, practitioners of this spiritual ability are sought for their higher levels of wisdom and thought.
Psychic Ability #5: Telepathy Often seen in movies, this psychic ability is, perhaps, the most difficult to do. After all, who would believe that one has the power to telepathically communicate thoughts to another person? In essence, the principle behind telepathy lies in paranormal levels of harnessing the power of the psyche. By being able to pass on ideas without uttering words or read one’s thoughts, telepathy is genuinely a subject of both wonder and mysticism. Generally speaking, the most recognized mode of this psychic ability is dream telepathy. As one of the main topics in parapsychology, experiments were conducted to prove this ability to communicate through dreams. As images were relayed between the sender and the receiver during sleep, this psychic ability seemed to have crossed the limits of what can be known. Another form of this is twin telepathy. Given that there is a uniquely strong resonance between twins, it has been theorized that they are the most likely subjects that can engage in mind communication. Thus, this often led to speculation and wonder, even among spiritual practitioners. Whether or not telepathy can actually be achieved is something that remains a mystery. As such, you can treat it as one of the goals that you might eventually reach as you harness your spiritual abilities. Given these 5 basic types of psychic abilities, the next question is: how do we actually achieve them? As such, we’ll be laying out 8 simple ways to awaken your psychic abilities. With that, you’ll have a definite starting point from which you can build on.
First Way: Constant Meditation As the most basic form of spirituality, constant meditation is the first step to reconnect with yourself. Given that you are pouring almost all your energies and attention to the world, it is only reasonable for you to lose this innate connection between you and your perception of who you are. Meaning, when we think of our conscious self, what we usually miss out on is the fact that we can be disconnected from it. Assuming that all the choices we make are ours, we forget that there can be a gap between who we are and who we perceive ourselves to be. As such, meditation is often the best technique to bridge this gap. Given that it employs an active way of reassessing one’s thoughts, meditation can bring into light the subconscious or unconscious ideas that you may have. By giving yourself some time to pause and reflect, you’ll be able to examine your idle thoughts and what they are trying to communicate to you. Following this course, it becomes easier for you to assess which ones to keep and the ones to reject. Thus, it becomes the first step to awaken your psychic abilities as it exercises the psyche itself.
Second Way: Sharpening your Gut Though seemingly obvious, sharpening your gut is one of the more proven ways of increasing your psychic abilities. By continually training how to assess your gut thoughts, you’ll be more familiar with specific actions and instances which signal you to engage or back out. For instance, when meeting someone new, you’ll always have a gut feeling about them. Whether positive or negative, this gut feel will give you a good sense of intuition whether or not it is right for you to engage with them. As such, this idea often leads you to have a favorable or unfavorable initial meeting. Regardless of the result, the point that you should take note of here is the fact that you can slowly build your intuition. By paying attention to red or green flags, you can maneuver beyond the flowery words that a person may feed you. Because your gut cannot be reasoned with, it is also something that is not corrupted by reason itself. Furthermore, sharpening your gut is your first step towards intuition. As you practice this skill, you’ll get better over time. As such, what you can do is to write your gut feelings and thoughts about something as they arise, and record how much of them turn out to be true.
Third Way: Dream Journaling With the 5 types of psychic abilities, we’ve learned that dreams are the most common platform where one can engage freely with his/her spiritual nature. After all, during dreams, we are transferred to a different plane, one that goes beyond our physical reality. As such, precognition, telepathy, astral projection, and even clairvoyance can manifest in one’s dreams. For instance, dreaming of certain symbols can signify the impending death of a family member or the upcoming romance in your life. While you may be unaware of it, such is already a form of the psychic ability itself. However, most of us fail to realize this. Instead, what they do is to simply brush it off and think that it’s just another dream. But by doing dream journaling, you can change this. Using this technique, you will be able to systematically record the events in your dreams. Most notably with what Carl Jung refers to as big ideas, these images can contain something in themselves that is essential in moving forward with one’s psychic abilities. By taking note of them, you can actively track your dreams, which means that you now have more control instead of seeing them as random and isolated.
Fourth Way: Identifying your Spirit Guide In attempting to harness your psychic abilities, identifying your spirit guide is another critical element that you can do. Following the roots of shamanism, some spiritual practitioners believe that we all have spirit guides. As such, they often appear to us in dreams and in forms of animals. With that, different animals have various meanings. Given your spiritual journey, these animals will guide you by showing you the way. After all, treading the spiritual planes of existence can be confusing and complicated in itself. Moreover, they also serve as your protectors. With harmful and malicious energies that can encroach your vulnerable spiritual self, the spirit guide will ensure that you are protected. As such, they often accompany you on things like astral projection. Being a high level of psychic ability, astral projection can cause you to become corrupted by evil spirits. Just like in the stories where people are unable to return to their bodies, astral projection can be dangerous in itself. But with the help of a spirit guide, you can ward them off. By carrying a token with you, the spirit guide becomes both physically and spiritually present, as they guard and guide your way.
Fifth Way: Healing Crystals Containing the energies of the earth, healing crystals are also considered as active catalysts in attempting to manifest one’s psychic abilities. With its unique functions and low-frequency vibrations, each healing crystal contains energy which can unlock you. After all, these energies are created and stored in these crystals by mother nature itself. For instance, the crystal amethyst contains much spirituality and mysticism in it. Only by incorporating it in your daily meditation, this healing crystal can sort things out for you and bring you closer to your spiritual self. Furthermore, you can also use other healing crystals that are directed to the throat and crown chakra. In this case, the crystal lapis lazuli unblocks your throat chakra. This means that your communicative skills will improve, allowing you to better connect with the universe. Similarly, the mystical moonstone can aid you in your dreams as it increases your emotional sensitivity. With that, healing crystals are to be taken as enhancers for practicing your psychic abilities. By understanding the whole chakra system in conjunction with healing crystals, you’ll know how to meditate and adequately use these crystals to open your spiritual gates.
Sixth Way: Getting a Spiritual Mentor Just as in all practices, having a mentor with you will improve your progress by tenfold. Compared to only doing your own thing, having a good mentor allows you to take only the correct steps. Especially when you are great at absorbing things like a sponge, the wisdom that your mentor has will be more than enough to propel your progress. Similarly, developing your psychic abilities will be much easier if you have someone to tell you what to do. Because this whole exercise can be tricky and complicated in itself, paying attention to proper steps will ensure that you’ll learn the correct way to do it. Because this whole thing can be tricky in itself, ensuring that you are learning from an experienced one will definitely be a big plus for you. Instead of taking unnecessary detours, your mentor will guide you properly on your journey. After all, in developing your psychic abilities, you should note that this also exposes you to potentially unwanted elements. As you open your astral planes and access your higher spiritual self, negative energies might possibly take over. However, with the help of a mentor, you’ll ensure that someone got your back.
Seventh Way: Spiritual Awakening Developing your psychic abilities is strongly intertwined with spiritual awakening. As your first significant step, spiritual awakening opens up your higher self. But how does it happen? Before you know it, spiritual awakening can occur in the simplest of ways. For instance, the death of a loved one can trigger you to question the meaning of life or if there is life after death. While seemingly paradoxical, these questions point to realities that go beyond our reach, something that spiritual awakening seeks to unlock. Moving forward, you’ll have a variety of supernatural experiences. Just like the ones mentioned here, you might get premonitions, stronger intuitions, or even experience unintended astral projections during sleep. In general, it will bring you to an unexplainable sense of the universe. Being able to feel its energy and yet unable to explain it, such cosmic powers will run through you. With that, fret not for these things is natural when experiencing a spiritual awakening. As long as you are able to recognize them, these things will actually help you in your journey onwards, as they become opportunities for growth.
Eighth Way: Reconnect with Nature As our life-giver, nature provides us with everything that we need. Whether it is our food, shelter, or even energy, we rely on almost anything to mother nature itself. However, the development of industrialization only furthered this gap between man and nature. With buildings that block our path and surround us with concrete, it is quite challenging to reconnect with the trees and the wind. Furthermore, our social media world contributed to this gap. Consumed by the allure of consumerism and online vanity, the difference that this development bridged only brought us farther from the serenity of the ocean. With that, it takes a thorough reassessment on how disconnected we are from nature. Whether we like it or not, life itself is a spiritual energy source that can aid us in developing psychic abilities. By reconnecting with nature, we will be able to tap on this energy. Such will bring a renewed sense of self.
Final Word Awakening your psychic abilities is never an easy task. As such, even this E- book can only do so much in helping you by enlightening you about ideas or concepts that can help bolster your progress. With that, we’d like to leave you a few pointers to take note of on this journey. First, you have to be specific on the kind of psychic ability that you want to develop. Given the many options that you can do, paying attention to one skill at a time will ensure steady progress for you. This is crucial since beginners usually try out everything and end up achieving nothing. By not repeating this mistake, you’ll have better odds of being able to harness the ability that you want. Second, in choosing your psychic ability, make sure that you’ve selected the best method that’s fit for it. For instance, the easiest to develop here is the power of intuition. Because we already have that grounding of gut feeling, intuition is simply a higher form of it. With that, you should ask yourself: which of the methods mentioned will best help me in my progress? By giving a clear cut answer for this, it will be easier for you to perfect this ability. Third, fill your subconscious with it. Learning and harnessing psychic abilities is undoubtedly no easy task. It surely will take a lot of commitment on your part. Far from being a simple stroll in the park, harnessing these abilities requires you to know more about your spiritual self. With that, the way to go is to commit to it by filling your subconscious thoughts of this desire. In this
way, even your unconscious thoughts will contribute to your overall development. With these final three tips, we hope that this E-book will become a good take-off point for you. As you take these tips and turn them into action, you’ll be able to harness the power of your mind in no time!
Owner and Founder At The Goddess Bibles A Memoir By Laura Zukerman
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Health food stores make a killing each year off of everyday
people, just like you, who want to improve their memory but are
not sure exactly how to make that happen. They spend
needless amounts of money on a product that is, in most
cases, providing little more than a placebo effect. If you would
like to truly enhance the memory power of your mind, you have
all of the tools you need without adding any fake miracle pill to
your already busy regimen and budget. Three simple tools
include breaks, sleeping, and journaling… no, seriously. It really
is that easy.
Think about it. When a college students are pulling out another
one of their late-night study sessions, there is a lot of action
going on behind the scenes and hidden deep within the
unconscious mind. Those students will crank out hour after
hour of uninterrupted study time hoping to retain as much as
possible. Sadly, what would help that student out significantly
better than a marathon of study? It is actually, taking a break.
Believe it or not, psychologists agree that taking a true break
from the assignment can actually help the memories lock into
place. Here’s the catch: it has to be a real break from the task.
In order for those new memories to form, the brain has to
almost “rest” itself. Sadly, the brain is unable to hit that reset
button while still focusing on the task at hand.
In order to lock in
the memories, it is best to go do something you enjoy and
allows you to happily focus on something else.
This is where the fun part comes in. If you enjoy video games,
turn one on and play a round. If you enjoy exercise, get out the
yoga mat or lace up your running shoes. Better yet, call your
mom or a long long lost friend and tell them how much you
care. Anything to keep yourself from thinking about what you
want to remember. It seems counter-intuitive, but it gives your
brain the chance to save and reset before carrying on about the
Another popular tool to help increase your memory power – is
sleep. Just like taking a break, going to sleep at just the right
time and getting a good night’s rest is the perfect boost to your
brain’s memory creating power. Sleep gives your brain the
optimum opportunity to create and store those memories you
have made. According to research, it is best to study in the
afternoon, practice or review what you learned a little later in
the evening, and then go to bed for the night. When you wake
up in the morning, your chances of recalling what it is you are
consciously trying to remember will be significantly improved.
What is actually happening to your memories during that sleep
cycle? Sparing the science lesson, you can say the memory is
stored, traced, and even evolved while you are catching that
beauty rest. During the first 2-3 hours of sleep, the memory
actually stays in the cortex and recycles or replays. The cortex
is the same place in the brain that the memory was actually
formed. Once you enter rapid eye movement or REM sleep, the
memory moves more deeply into the brain, in a region called
the putamen where it is locked and loaded for the rest of your
Without getting the proper amount of sleep, your precious,
baby short-term memories never get the chance to grow and
develop into long-term adult nostalgic bliss. This is especially
important if you are trying to develop a new skill, up your game,
or study for an exam. Imagine staying up all night studying,
cramming as much knowledge into your brain as possible, but
remembering hardly any of it because you never went to
sleep… and feeling exhausted on top of it!
The last tip to hack your unconscious and boost your memory
power, is something you have no doubt heard to do before…
write it down. The college student cramming all night for the
next day’s exam might have done better by just writing solid,
well thought out notes. Why does writing notes or even
journaling about your day help increase your unconscious
ability to recall information? There are a few key factors at work
while you write, especially if you are writing by hand.
Experts agree that taking notes, especially handwriting notes is
one of the most significant ways to hack your unconscious into
increasing your memory. Not only does recalling the
information and summarizing it in your own words help give
your unconscious the boost, but the actual cognitive functions
that are required to do it.
You are coordinating your verbal skills
with your fine movement skills and forcing your brain to
sloooowww down while you transcribe from thoughts to paper.
(Bui, D. C., Myerson, J., & Hale, S. 2013) Your unconscious
mind has to step aside, while your conscious mind handles the
Whether you are working to improve your memory for work,
school, or just for the experience of reminiscing in your old age
rewarding yourself with breaks, getting enough sleep, and
documenting your experience by hand are all easy ways to
completely hack your unconscious mind to improve your
memory. Instead of your unconscious mind deciding what is
important enough to keep, you can override the process and
force it to know what you want to be important
So much of what you do each day, your motivations, and your
willingness to do more is all driven by your unconscious mind.
From the time you are born until the time you die, your
unconscious brain is hard at work. Without actively thinking,
you complete task after task and never question why you do
what you do. Your reasons are sometimes even a mystery to
you. Connecting with your unconscious mind can not only be
done relatively simply, but the benefits are seemingly
Would you believe that your unconscious mind can be
responsible for some of your top successes as well as some of
your most heart-wrenching mistakes? What if you were told
that you can even transform your future and opportunities for
success, simply by changing your mind? Does the idea of
controlling your unconscious mind to change the outcome of
your life seem plausible, or does it just sound like another
passing fad? Believe it or not, how you feel about that last
question will even help determine the answer.
Awareness of the unconscious mind’s influence is one of the
first steps in gaining back the control of your choices. You will
be placing the outcome of your happiness, your relationships,
your career and so much more back into your hands. Some of
the most successful and influential people to-date have spoken
of this same awareness. No, it is not a “secret” key to
happiness; however, connecting with your unconscious mind is
a widely underused practice.
“The mind is like an iceberg. It floats with one-seventh of its
bulk above water.” -Sigmund Freud.
Whether you realize it or not, there is A LOT happening inside
of your mind without your participation. While your awareness
is cast on work, family, kids, and who tagged whom in which
post, your mind is busy at work preparing for you your
reactions, responses, emotions, and deepest desires. The
unconscious mind is there, right next to you, all day long. Even
as you sleep, your mind is there with you sharing its subtle, yet
powerful influence. According to psychologists, this influence
has been developing and working for you since you where a
child, and the way you allow it to influence your decisions today
is almost completely out of your control. That operative word
here is most certainly, “almost.”
The concept of an unconscious or subconscious mind was first
“officially” introduced by praised psychiatrist, Sigmund Freud.
There are now a few models and opinions on the unconscious
mind and its impact and influence on our daily life; however, the
Freudian model was the first and is still the most widely known
by members outside of the psychological community.
The Freudian model of the unconscious was captured by
intense case studies by Freud of sample patients who were
suffering from abnormal psychological issues or trauma (Freud
1925/1961, Page 31.) He explored the motivations behind
everyday actions and reactions. He also investigated the
influence of the unconscious on their dreams. The work of
Freud is still most definitely the most influential; however, there are a few other positions on the subject.
Two other competing theories of the unconscious mind can be
found in those who practice Cognitive Psychology as well as
Social Psychology. In each respective model, the purpose and
power of the unconscious mind varies as well as its influence
over your choices. For example, Cognitive psychology has a
belief that the unconscious is actually not capable of the credit
we have given it over the years.They argue that the influence
on our lives is so subtle and it is so easily suggested to that
there is no justification in giving it such power. (loftus &
Social psychology argues that the processes and functions of
the unconscious mind are far more important and serve a
greater purpose than the catalysts for which those actions
happen. While Freudians and Cognitive psychologists are
focusing more on the stimuli triggering the unconscious
response, Social psychologists are directing their attention to
the response itself (Bargh, 2007.)
Interestingly enough, those who practice or study any form of
psychology will still hold the Freudian model as a baseline, or
even a champion of the unconscious mind. His case studies
modeled a movement toward mental health and taking a quest
for the deeper meaning hidden in everyday interactions. All
professional psychologists, and many of those who are not,
have all learned of Freud and studied the impact of his work on
our lives today. They cannot deny his influence on the field just
as they cannot deny the innermost workings of the unconscious
mind begin forming and developing while even in the womb
and locked into place during childhood.
Psychological models aside, you can no doubt reflect to a time
when you were a child and remember an experience that may
have shaped the way you make decisions as an adult. Maybe
you remember a time when you touched a hot stove and
learned, “That’s hot!” Perhaps it was something much deeper
or traumatic. The fact of the matter is that you have thousands
of experiences that have molded you into the person you are
today, and most of the time you had no idea it was leaving any
sort of lasting impact at all. In fact, depending on how traumatic
the experience may have been for you, there is a chance you
will have forgotten it entirely. However, the impact that
unconscious memory has on your psyche can be quite
It is widely accepted that the most influential relationship for a
child on both the conscious and the unconscious mind is with
their parents. The relationships and interactions between your
parents, particularly your same sex parent, have the singlehand
most impactful impressions on your psyche — whether
you want it to be or not, the impact is there. (Freud, 1956)
The ways in which your parents cared for you, disciplined you,
or even spoke about themselves are all ways that added to
your unconscious conditioning. There are more subtle
influences at work too. For example, how much you were or
were not held as an infant has an impact, as well as the ways
in which you played, or if you had siblings and the birth order of
said siblings… all of it (and so much more) comes together to
shape your unconscious mind.
The first step in gaining mastery or control over the
unconscious mind derives from gaining an understanding and
awareness of how it came to be. This is even more important
when discussing the influence of unconscious memories
themselves. In some cases, an event or an experience was so
traumatic the brain actually suppress the memory entirely. This
form of selective amnesia is one of the brain’s natural defense
mechanisms against recalling and reliving a traumatic
experience. However, keeping these memories suppressed is
not as positive as you would assume.
Even though the memory itself is hidden away, the negative
associates are still there – even if only on an unconscious level.
When something in your present day life triggers any of those
suppressed memories, the body responds sometimes
mimicking how it felt while first experiencing the trauma and
presenting as depression, anxiety, and even post traumatic
stress disorder. It may seem counterintuitive, but according to
psychologists today, the best way to overcome these
sometimes life debilitating symptoms is to recall the hidden
In a way, some look at it as a form of reclaiming your power,
and subsequently your ability to process and dismiss an
emotion or past event. There are several methods
professionals will use to extract these memories, but arguably
the most successful method is exposure therapy or actually
revisiting the place or location the trauma occurred. Often
times, when the subject is able to recall the memory, their
symptoms of depression, anxiety, PTSD, or worse are likely to
disappear altogether. (Nature Neuroscience volume18,
This book will continue to discuss ways to tap into and
overcome the unconscious mind. No matter what method of
psychology you tend to favor, the experience of connecting with
your unconscious can be a liberating experience. There are
simple ways to engage the unconscious and regain your
control, and the benefits are seemingly endless.
According to the “Mental Health Action Plan 2013–2020” (WHO, 2013), mental health is an integral part of health and well-being and includes not only individual characteristics but also social, cultural, economic political, and environmental factors. The report recognizes that depending on the context certain groups, such as older people, are at higher risk of having mental health problems and consequently having higher rates of disability and mortality.
The main issues concerning aging and mental health are prevention, early diagnosis, recognition of major diseases, treatment and quality of life interventions, at both individual and community level.
Available knowledge about the aging process and mental health is still insufficient and the challenges of aging populations claim more research efforts into clinical conditions, older people’s needs, and pathways of care. With the increase in average life expectancy, chronic conditions inherent to aging, such as dementias (in particular Alzheimer’s Disease), are inevitably growing along with related behavioral and psychological disorders, which highlights the need for specific interventions in elderly mental health problems. Beside dementia and mild cognitive impairment, other issues like frailty, delirium and the risk for mental health problems or the unmet needs of older people, require substantially more attention from professionals and policy agents. The burden of mental health problems is frequently considered as an inevitable part of the process of aging, worsening the already negative stereotype about being old. Mental health issues, particularly those affecting old age are frequently underestimated, adding to the suffering of a large number of people who could be treated and benefit from diverse social and health care interventions to enhance their well-being. The comprehension of mechanisms underlying diseases, on a time diagnosis, and customized interventions will be much more cost-effective than just allowing the disease to progress, leading to the institutionalization of individuals, which has proved to be an adverse and expensive outcome, both for individuals and the community.
Taking this into consideration, the present Research Topic on “Aging and Mental Health” by Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience makes a contribution with updates and different perspectives on this important theme, developed over 17 papers. These updates focus on cognitive functions, neural and cellular mechanisms, delirium and mild cognitive impairment as well as the effects of exercise and health care settings.
The authors Lim and Yu have conducted an interesting review on the relation between aging and wisdom: age-related changes in economic and social decision making. They discuss this topic based on a model proposing five subcomponents of wisdom: (1) prosocial behavior in experimental economic games and competitive situations; (2) resolving social conflicts; (3) emotional homeostasis; (4) self-reflection; (5) dealing effectively with uncertainty in the domains of risk, ambiguity and intertemporal choice. They highlight that older adults outperform young adults in certain subcomponents of wisdom, but the exact relationship between old age and each subcomponent remains unclear.
Alves et al. addresses an interesting topic, based on the diversion paradigm developed by Delaney et al. (2010). The authors aim to determine whether thinking about an autobiographical memory interferes with the recall of recently encoded information, and to explore the degree of forgetfulness depending on the temporal distance from the diversionary thought. They conclude that the expected amnesic effect of diversionary thought was reached, but the temporal distance (old event vs. recent event) did not influence the recall of previously encoded information.
Szatloczki et al. point out the role of linguistic screening for early detection of Alzheimer’s disease. The authors have produced a comprehensive review, concluding that AD can be more sensitively detected with the help of linguistic analysis than with other cognitive examinations, which would have relevant clinical implications.
The paper by Meng et al. examines the impact of aging on the brain’s susceptibility to affective pictures of varying emotional intensities, with results that suggest that older adults are more resistant to the impact of negative stimuli, while they are equipped with enhanced attentional bias for positive stimuli.
Two studies about delirium are presented in this Research Topic. The first one by Androsova et al. is an interesting, clinically relevant literature review focused on the “Biomarkers of postoperative delirium and cognitive dysfunction”. Bearing in mind that the pathogenesis of these postoperative cognitive impairments is multifactorial, the authors emphasize that the application of integrated systems biology has the potential to reconstruct the underlying network of molecular mechanisms and help in the identification of prognostic and diagnostic biomarkers. The second one, produced by Shi et al., finds a good reliability of MDAS and the cutoff point for diagnosis of delirium.
Coelho et al. have written an article about “Determinants of frailty: the added value of assessing medication”. With this they analyse in general the determinants that predict frailty, as well as each frailty domain (physical, psychological, and social), considering the integral conceptual model of frailty. Particularly, the contribution of different daily-consumed medication is analyzed. The results add important information about which factors may precipitate states of high vulnerability in community dwelling elderly.
The article “Mismatch negativity (MMN) latency as a biomarker of amnestic mild cognitive impairment in Chinese rural elders” by Ji et al., aims to assess the mismatch negativity (MMN) component, a correlate of the automatic detection of changes in the acoustic environment, in healthy adults, and adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). They find that while no difference was observed in amplitude between the two groups, there was a significant increase in the latency of the MMN in the aMCI group, which could be a sensitive, specific biomarker.
Akintola et al. have written a broad systematic review and meta-analysis concerning “Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and cognitive function in people over 60 years”. This meta-analysis, performed to assess available evidence on the association of SCH with cognition in community dwelling, relatively healthy older adults, found no evidence concerning this association.
Bearing in mind the well-known importance of regular exercise in benefiting mental and physical health in the elderly Santa Mina et al. have written the article “The acute effects of exercise on cortical excitation and psychosocial outcomes in men treated for prostate cancer: a randomized controlled trial”. They have evaluated and presented novel findings of the effect of a single bout of exercise (low-moderate intensity) on psychological well-being and cortical silent period in prostate cancer survivors.
Paúl et al. have conducted a cross-sectional study about “Perceived risk of mental health problems in primary care” using the Portuguese version of RISC as a useful tool for early identification of mental health concerns in older patients. This study emphasizes the importance of healthcare professionals identifying patients at high risk of adverse outcomes early on in order to direct an appropriate intervention.
Bearing in mind that unmet needs are becoming acknowledged as better predictors of the worst prognostic outcomes than common measures of functional or cognitive decline, the article “Needs in nursing homes and their relation with cognitive and functional decline, behavioral and psychological symptoms” by Ferreira et al. will be a valuable aid to all those interested in learning about this issue. The authors have found more unmet needs associated with the worst outcomes, demonstrating that the needs of those institutionalized elderly remain under-diagnosed and untreated.
In the same setting of the nursing home, Caravau and Martin have written the paper “Direct costs of dementia in nursing homes”. The authors deal with an interesting and poorly-studied topic, concluding that direct costs of dementia patients in Portugal exceed the costs of similar non-demented patients by a significant degree, which is in agreement with previous European studies, with direct implications for the provision of services for the management of the increasing prevalence of dementia.
The manuscript by Bastos et al. analyses “The importance of neighborhood ecological assets in community-dwelling old people’s aging outcomes: A study in Northern Portugal,” concludes that cognitive performance decreases in persons with the worst outdoor mobility, and also that depressive symptoms are less common with a greater number of recreation opportunities, suggesting that aging policies and practices must be ecologically embedded.
Finally, two commentaries have been written, the first of which also has a response. Craig has written a commentary on “Mental distress in patients with cerebral visual injury assessed with the German Brief Symptom Inventory” by Gall et al.. The second commentary written by Heine is about the article “Mental health and dual sensory loss (DSL) in older adults: a systematic review”, by Heine and Browning (2014). This text focuses on the lack of solid data on the present subject, and also the need to diagnose and manage DSL early and effectively.
We hope that this Frontiers Research Topic will be an enrichment for Ageing and Mental Health issues, with the efforts and commitments of all authors to whom we give our acknowledgement, as well as to the reviewers who have contributed by improving and clarifying these diverse contributions.
Finally, a special thanks for the support for publishing by the sponsor Pfizer, for three articles (Paúl et al.; Caravau and Martin; Bastos et al.). The sponsor did not play any role in the design, methods, data collection and analyses, or in the preparation of these articles.
LF and CP have written this editorial for the Research Topic they have edited.
Conflict of interest statement
The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
Delaney P., Sahakyan L., Kelley C., Zimmerman C. (2010). Remembering to forget: the amnesic effect of day dreaming. Psychol. Sci. 21, 1036–1042. 10.1177/0956797610374739 [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
Heine C., Browning C. J. (2014). Mental health and dual sensory loss in older adults: a systematic review. Front. Aging Neurosci. 6:83. 10.3389/fnagi.2014.00083 [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
WHO (2013). Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020. Geneva: WHO Press. [Google Scholar]
Scientific research on nonverbal communication and behavior began with the 1872 publication of Charles Darwin’s The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. Since that time, abundant research on the types, effects, and expressions of unspoken communication and behavior. While these signals are often so subtle that we are not consciously aware of them, research has identified several different types of nonverbal communication.
9 Types of Nonverbal Communication
Here are nine types of nonverbal cues and behaviors:
Facial expressions are responsible for a huge proportion of nonverbal communication.1 Consider how much information can be conveyed with a smile or a frown. The look on a person’s face is often the first thing we see, even before we hear what they have to say.
While nonverbal communication and behavior can vary dramatically between cultures, the facial expressions for happiness, sadness, anger, and fear are similar throughout the world.
universal facial expressions and nonverbal communication
Verywell / Joshua Seong
Deliberate movements and signals are an important way to communicate meaning without words.2 Common gestures include waving, pointing, and using fingers to indicate numeric amounts. Other gestures are arbitrary and related to culture.
In courtroom settings, lawyers have been known to utilize different nonverbal signals to attempt to sway juror opinions. An attorney might glance at his watch to suggest that the opposing lawyer’s argument is tedious or might even roll his eyes at the testimony offered by a witness in an attempt to undermine his or her credibility. These nonverbal signals are seen as being so powerful and influential that some judges even place limits on what type of nonverbal behaviors are allowed in the courtroom.
Paralinguistics refers to vocal communication that is separate from actual language.3 This includes factors such as tone of voice, loudness, inflection, and pitch. Consider the powerful effect that tone of voice can have on the meaning of a sentence. When said in a strong tone of voice, listeners might interpret approval and enthusiasm. The same words said in a hesitant tone of voice might convey disapproval and a lack of interest.
Consider all the different ways that simply changing your tone of voice might change the meaning of a sentence. A friend might ask you how you are doing, and you might respond with the standard “I’m fine,” but how you actually say those words might reveal a tremendous amount of how you are really feeling.
A cold tone of voice might suggest that you are actually not fine, but you don’t wish to discuss it. A bright, happy tone of voice will reveal that you are actually doing quite well. A somber, downcast tone would indicate that you are the opposite of fine and that perhaps your friend should inquire further.
Body Language and Posture
Posture and movement can also convey a great deal of information.4 Research on body language has grown significantly since the 1970s, but popular media have focused on the over-interpretation of defensive postures, arm-crossing, and leg-crossing, especially after publishing Julius Fast’s book Body Language.
While these nonverbal behaviors can indicate feelings and attitudes, research suggests that body language is far more subtle and less definitive than previously believed.
People often refer to their need for “personal space,” which is also an important type of nonverbal communication.5 The amount of distance we need and the amount of space we perceive as belonging to us is influenced by a number of factors including social norms, cultural expectations, situational factors, personality characteristics, and level of familiarity.
For example, the amount of personal space needed when having a casual conversation with another person usually varies between 18 inches to four feet. On the other hand, the personal distance needed when speaking to a crowd of people is around 10 to 12 feet.
The eyes play an important role in nonverbal communication and such things as looking, staring and blinking are important nonverbal behaviors. When people encounter people or things that they like, the rate of blinking increases and pupils dilate. Looking at another person can indicate a range of emotions including hostility, interest, and attraction.
People also utilize eye gaze as a means to determine if someone is being honest.6 Normal, steady eye contact is often taken as a sign that a person is telling the truth and is trustworthy. Shifty eyes and an inability to maintain eye contact, on the other hand, is frequently seen as an indicator that someone is lying or being deceptive.
Communicating through touch is another important nonverbal behavior. There has been a substantial amount of research on the importance of touch in infancy and early childhood.
Harry Harlow’s classic monkey study demonstrated how deprived touch and contact impedes development. Baby monkeys raised by wire mothers experienced permanent deficits in behavior and social interaction. Touch can be used to communicate affection, familiarity, sympathy, and other emotions.
In her book Interpersonal Communication: Everyday Encounters, author Julia Wood writes that touch is also often used as a way to communicate both status and power.7 Researchers have found that high-status individuals tend to invade other people’s personal space with greater frequency and intensity than lower-status individuals. Sex differences also play a role in how people utilize touch to communicate meaning.
Women tend to use touch to convey care, concern, and nurturance. Men, on the other hand, are more likely to use touch to assert power or control over others.
Our choice of color, clothing, hairstyles, and other factors affecting appearance are also considered a means of nonverbal communication.8 Research on color psychology has demonstrated that different colors can evoke different moods. Appearance can also alter physiological reactions, judgments, and interpretations.
Just think of all the subtle judgments you quickly make about someone based on his or her appearance. These first impressions are important, which is why experts suggest that job seekers dress appropriately for interviews with potential employers.
Researchers have found that appearance can play a role in how people are perceived and even how much they earn. One 1996 study found that attorneys who were rated as more attractive than their peers earned nearly 15 percent more than those ranked as less attractive.
Culture is an important influence on how appearances are judged. While thinness tends to be valued in Western cultures, some African cultures relate full-figured bodies to better health, wealth, and social status.
Objects and images are also tools that can be used to communicate nonverbally. On an online forum, for example, you might select an avatar to represent your identity online and to communicate information about who you are and the things you like. People often spend a great deal of time developing a particular image and surrounding themselves with objects designed to convey information about the things that are important to them.
Uniforms, for example, can be used to transmit a tremendous amount of information about a person. A soldier will don fatigues, a police officer will wear a uniform, and a doctor will wear a white lab coat. At a mere glance, these outfits tell people what a person does for a living.
A Word From Very-well Nonverbal communication plays an important role in how we convey meaning and information to others, as well as how we interpret the actions of those around us. The important thing to remember when looking at such nonverbal behaviors is to consider the actions in groups. What a person actually says along with his or her expressions, appearance, and tone of voice might tell you a great deal about what that person is really trying to say.
Kundalini Shakti is every individual’s very own spiritual master, who endeavors to lead
us to consistent consciousness of the Source. It is Kundalini Shakti who engages our
taking a stab at profound fulfillment and who attempts to lead us to full spiritual
Every person, paying little respect to time, religion, or culture, are vessels of this
blessed all-powerful, brilliant nearness that passionately asks us to coordinate with her
endeavors to build our profound mindfulness and development. It is every searcher’s
assignment to see how best to help in her die hard loyalty for our edification enlightenment.
More refined and significant than vitality, Kundalini Shakti is wrapped in the mantle of
her own appearance, the unpretentious body, which incorporates our vitality, mind, and
observing intelligence. Inside this cover, Kundalini Shakti dwells in either a stored or
In her stored state, she is a firmly curled static power that keeps up the normal
individual’s life capacities, abilities, and awareness. Upon her release, Kundalini
Shakti ascends through one of a few pathways in the subtle body and achieves
whatever level is conceivable.
In her released state, Kundalini Shakti is powerfully dynamic and endeavors to enhance
her profound status and finish her rising, squeezing to hoist to the One, regardless of
whatever obstructions may block her climb. Her definitive objective is our spiritual
There are an assortment of viewpoints on Kundalini gave by current writings and
specialists, each with their own uncommon commitment. From our point of view,
Kundalini is not a way in itself but rather a general procedure. It is the basic
component that is the way to every single spiritual experience paying little mind
to an individual’s religious or profound introduction.
Kundalini Shakti is the methods for developing our association with our spiritual
evolution and to the Divine Source- Supreme itself.
Thanks again for downloading this book, I hope you enjoy it!
Conventional Kundalini Science
The search of Kundalini is the investigation of most profound sense of being. Kundalini
Shakti is the fundamental every single spiritual experience, paying little mind to one’s
way or convention, for Kundalini is not a way in itself but rather is what guides us along
our picked way.
The antiquated study of understanding Kundalini Shakti is found in all the profound
custom, however changing terms and images are utilized to portray it, and numerous
strategies are utilized to accomplish it.
This general, inter-spiritual science holds the learning of how to legitimately bolster and
deal with our spiritual capacity to securely quicken our profound headway and achieve
the spiritual objective. Noteworthy among the accessible models in its broadness,
specialized accuracy, assortment of techniques, vocabulary, and inclusivity, is the Vedic
model of Kundalini science.
Customary Kundalini Science passes on the lessons of heredity of Kundalini masters
inside this convention. Its viewpoint is general and viable; its concentration and
objective are profound.
A complete framework for understanding and enhancing profound life, Traditional
Kundalini Science depends on Yogic, Vedanta, and Kundalini messages and also the
holy sacred texts and techniques for other spiritual customs. It is ecumenical and does
not look to adjust a man’s profound introduction or genealogy but instead to enhance on
and develop it.
Increased conditions of vitality are likewise elevated conditions of discernment. The
entire yogic framework is pointed just towards upgrading your discernment. A spiritual
procedure basically implies only that to improve your observation since you know just
what you see.
This is the explanation behind the imagery of Shiva and a snake. It shows that his
energies have achieved the pinnacle. His energies have achieved the highest point of
his head thus his third eye has opened.
On the off chance that the third eye has opened, it implies another dimension of
observation which is internal looking, which takes a gander at life totally in an unique
way, has opened up and everything that can be seen- is seen.
All yoga in one route is towards that however Kundalini Yoga is especially towards that.
Truth be told, all life is towards that. Somehow, individuals need to experience life more
seriously than they are encountering it at this moment.
Somebody needs to sing, another person needs to move, somebody needs to drink
liquor, another person needs to implore– why are they doing this? They need to
experience life all the more profoundly. Everybody is attempting to raise their kundalini
yet they are doing it erratically. When you approach it logically with a legitimate
strategy, we say it is yoga.
Yoga practices have been keeping the mental alterations. Yoga is the way that
concealment from the elements of the considerations which winds up in abidance from
the spirit in its genuine nature.
The Kundalini has been the life vitality at the base of the spine which can be stirred from
the body awakening each of the seven chakras in grouping.
Add up to edification happens if this vitality gets to the last chakra Sahasrara close to
the highest point of the head. Kundalini vitality is normally spoken to as a snake
looping at the base of the spine.
Beforehand when the antiquated specialists instructed their disciples in activities
(postures) of yoga and meditation, they used various answers for be free from the
Around then when Patanjali was an incredible ace related with yoga activities and he
had prepared his teaches the imperceptible learning of the Kundalini vitality.
It was a sacred understanding which was endorsed coming by means of learning with a
specific end goal to help the disciples for quite a long time.
The disciples expected to prepare his/her whole personality to have the capacity to
persevere through these compunctions; this was finished by different
yoga/contemplation stances how the ace or a yoga master would endorse.
Meditation science guarantees that air is just the medium, not the genuine thing; you’re
breathing prana- Life vitality.
Air is just the medium; prana (or-gone vitality) has been the substance material
which is something inconspicuous, non-material, has been moving in with the air.
Amid the breathing procedure we are taking prana in, it’s brimming with prana when it
comes in. When you have utilized the prana and the breathing procedure gives end up
being empty. The genuine prana advances into through your instinct into the whole
We have been isolated into the center and the periphery. The body might be the
external limit; we as a whole know the body. We know the border; in any case we as a
whole don’t have a clue about the area the place that the center has been.
At the point when substantial process has been moving out its dynamic; when it is
coming in it again is alert. At the point when it’s not one or the other, when it’s
quiet, non-moving, you’re in nearness to the center where Kundalini dwells.
When your breath comes in, know. To get a small amount of a moment, there is no
breathing- recently in front of that turns up, before that turns outward. A solitary
breathing procedure will come in; after that there’s a specific point and breathing stops.
After that the breathing goes out.
At the point when the breathing exhales, then again for a small amount of a moment,
this stops. Next breathing is accessible for approaching. Nothing is to be added for you
or to the framework; it truly is as of now. Everything is as of now there, with the
exception of certain mindfulness- awareness.
Before the substantial procedure has been handing over or turning out, there’s a small
part of second when you are not breathing. When you are not breathing you are not on
the planet. The moment is of such a short moment which you not the slightest bit
In the convention of Kundalini Yoga, God is not an exemplified god in the sky. Way off
the mark. The pith of God is a similar quintessence of us. God is innovative awareness,
the vitality from which all things stream, including our-selves.
We can get to Brahman since it is now some part of us. At the end of the day, we are
every individual articulations of a similar total vitality.
Kundalini is the technique to shake off our false Ego account of detachment and
experience the genuine way of our reality.
In established yogic conventions, there is a sure kind of yoga we educate for individuals
who live in family circumstances. There is a sure other kind of yoga we instruct for
religious austerity. We never instruct those in family circumstances the plain frame.
That is the most strong approach to do it yet it will request a specific dimension of train
and center, which your general lives won’t permit. On the off chance that you do that
sort of yoga, it will destroy your outside life right away.
This doesn’t mean there is some kind of problem with Kundalini Yoga. It is an extremely
awesome process yet it should be done legitimately in light of the fact that vitality has no
circumspection of its own. You can make your life out of it or you can consume your life
out of it. Power is making our life.
Be that as it may, on the off chance that you stick your little finger into it, you
comprehend what will happen! Vitality has no circumspection. How you utilize it is
the means by which it is. Kundalini is likewise similar to that.
You are utilizing it at this moment however negligibly. In the event that you expand it
you can raise past your confinements of existence. The concentration of late reviews
has been the enactment or “arousing” of the Kundalini Shakti, the inward potential
vitality those untruths idles in each person.
While Kundalini is outstanding in Eastern yogic science, it is just barely starting to pick
up acceptance as a logical reality in Western therapeutic circles.
Kundalini vitality can be actuated by different means like yoga, breathing strategies
(Pranayam), certain natural arrangements, making specific vibrations in the body
through the intoning of mantras, and through start (vitality transmission) by a yoga adroit
whose Kundalini is as of now stirred.
Once stirred, Kundalini achieves exceptional change in the body-mind arrangement of
the individual, incorporating an enormous surge in vitality levels, the mending of
interminable ailments and improved mental capacities. Past this, a large group of
different changes have been watched yet had yet to be methodically examined or
SUBTLE ENERGY SYSTEMS
As opposed to what was once trusted, the mind is by all account not the only center
where our neural reactions are put away. There is presently developing confirmation
that our considerations- which are close to electrical signs zooming along our neural
pathways are put away in our cell and substantial memory, bringing about perpetual
changes in the way our body and mind impact each other.
Physical memory incorporates three sorts of recollections: engraved recollections
(engrams), muscle-recollections and bio-recollections.
Engrams are bio-compound changes that happen in our neural tissues as the aftereffect
of an intense or diligent response to any circumstance. An engram is not a customary
memory, but rather more like a photo of the circumstance or occasion, finish with the
passionate reaction that went with it.
Engrams exist just beneath the level of our cognizance, affecting our enthusiastic
reactions without our insight.
While engrams influence our enthusiastic reactions alone, muscle-recollections are
recollections that have turned out to be so profoundly inserted in our framework that
they can reproduce the physical indications going with these feelings, similar to those
accomplished amid strong dread or outrage.
Muscle recollections are also responsible of our performing monotonous mechanical
activities that don’t require our conscious intercession, such as writing or cycling.
Bio-recollections are recollections that are stabilized into our cells. They convey
genetic recollections, past-life recollections and recollections that have progressed
toward becoming some portion of the very fiber of our present identity through
consistent redundancy for quite a long time.
Both physical and mental examples can turn out to be a piece of our profile memory.
Bio-recollections have the ability to trigger physical activities like battle or flight. Mental
states like gloom and tension can rapidly turn out to be a part of our profile memory on
the off chance that we are not cautious. Bio-recollections are unconscious, as well as
are typically untraceable to a specific source episode.
Kundalini Yoga is otherwise called the exploration of points, on the grounds that the
distinctive stances and developments frequently include having our appendages at
edges which put pressure on specific organs and glands.
As you hold or manage the occasion, the pressure assembles, and when you take the
pressure away, blood and vitality streams to those areas.
Sparkling the Light on the Forgotten System
It’s not as a rule a subject of discussion around the supper table or something you’d
perused up on, as a great many people would consider the working of the endocrine
framework to be a touch dry. However, understanding the fundamentals of this crucial
and interesting arrangement of the body can have an enormous effect to your life.
Our endocrine organs can affect each area of our wellbeing. The endocrine framework
is comprised of glands that deliver and release hormones. It is in charge of the
hormonal capacities in the body, with the 30 hormones created each having a specific
function to do.
On the off chance that one organ’s capacity is out of balance, it can influence the
strength of all the others, and the organs influence the capacity of the whole body. Not
exclusively does the endocrine framework chip away at the physical realm, also on the
passionate and enthusiastic realms.
It is exceedingly helpful and engaging to see how we can sustain our own bodies
and bolster the ideal working of these organs.
With a couple of straightforward deceives, you can without much of a stretch keep your
body in order and appreciate more prominent satisfaction and balance.
The Endocrine System
The endocrine framework is a noteworthy, yet now and then disregarded, segment of
your body. While it has numerous physical capacities, for example, directing sleep,
heart rate, digestion, the immune framework, thus a great deal more, it is fundamental
to mental usefulness and mind-set. The human Endocrine framework assumes a
noteworthy part in our wellbeing and prosperity.
People who have the analyzer personality are usually slow and secure. He or she would ask about a million questions before stepping foot onto a boat. If you have experienced a scenario such as this, then you have met an analyzer. Most times, analyzers act based on their feelings and they make decisions depending on how secure or comfortable they feel. Making decisions will be very difficult and would take much longer than it normally would if an analyzer feels insecure in any way. This is because they will need to gather more information concerning the situation, and this could take a while. To analyzers, analysis and data are extremely important, and when they come across any kind of problem, they take time out to study the issue closely, gather the needed data, and then analyze it with the resources available to them. Apart from facts and data, the thoughts and opinions of those who are involved are also things analyzers take note of. Most times, analyzers are seen as people who are very academic and they tend to be very focused when it comes to their work environment. When conversing with an analyzer, it could be noticed that they usually base their conversations on histories, past illustrations, and facts. During conversations, some might find them boring, but at the same time, the things they say are very informative and beneficial. A company staff between the ages of thirty and fifty who have no interest in matters concerning the company, such as culture change, would likely fall into the analyzer category. Such a person is completely comfortable with their present condition and taking a risk is not something they would want to do. While analyzers can be very secure, they could also be very stubborn at the same time. STRENGTHS Managing risk is something analyzers excel at and it could even be seen as their greatest strength. If you happen to work with one of them, you would notice they leave zero margin for errors, and this shows they mean business. After collecting the opinions, data, and thoughts, they will then manage the risk to the lowest point to which it can be managed. P
8 9 Personality types Another thing analyzers excel at is sticking to rules and regulations. While most of us would feel they are tedious and restricting, analyzers perform best when there are rules and regulations. To be honest, they find it meaningless to live without them. The only time they experience peace in their minds is when the task they are given is set within boundaries they can keep a close eye on. Analyzers are completely in love with systems; routines also work well for them. Sound strange? Well, the reason why this is so is because they enjoy doing things in ways that can be followed step-by-step from start to finish, and preferably without errors. If you want to gain the favor of an analyzer, one thing you could do is to provide a systematic solution to a problem they encounter. Security is a major concern to an analyzer and before they can make any decision, they put the entire plan into consideration first. If plan A fails to work, then B must be ready to. Due to the fact that they gather data and analyze it, it is possible for them to solve any problem they might face in the safest way possible. WEAKNESSES Most times, analyzers do not approach other people to start conversations, and this is completely normal to them. Initiating conversations or making the first move to interact with others is simply not their thing. Even in a brainstorming session, an analyzer would wait for other people to make their suggestions and speak their minds first before he or she speaks. Inflexibility is one other weakness analyzers have. It is very rare for you to find an analyzer who adapts easily to new cultures. If you try to introduce new accounting software to an analyzer, for example, he or she would likely give a thousand reasons why it isn’t needed and let you know how comfortable he or she is using the current one he or she has. Unless an analyzer sees a real need to try out the software, he or she would rather not take that “risk.” An analyzer will do all he or she can to hide emotions so as not to appear weak to other people. Definitely, there are a lot of reasons why they would not want to show their emotions to others, but the general reason is so they can feel safe and protected.
Owner and Founder At The Goddess Bibles A Memoir By Laura Zukerman
You don’t attract into your life what you want. You don’t attract what you think about. You don’t attract what you feel. Desires, thoughts, and feelings are all important, but these are more effects than causes.
You attract what you’re signaling.
Think of yourself as a vibrational transmitter. You’re constantly sending out signals that tell the universe who you are in this moment. Those signals will either attract or repel other vibrational beings, events, and experiences.
You naturally attract that which is in harmony with your state of being, and you’ll repel that which is out of sync with your state.
If your energetic self radiates wealth and abundance, your physical reality will reflect wealth and abundance for your physical being.
If your energetic self radiates anger and frustration, your physical reality will reflect that as well.
Since the signals you’re sending out at any given moment tend to be fairly complex, your experience of physical reality will be equally complex.
Once you can accept that your vibrational self attracts compatible patterns, it becomes clear that if you want to experience something different in your life, you must somehow change the signals you’re putting out.
By ‘difficult’ people we mean people with certain personality traits or emotional characteristics that make it difficult for you to communicate with them. The ability to effectively cope with such people while maintaining a healthy work environment is known as the skill of dealing with difficult people.
It is inevitable for you to come across a difficult person in your life that bring about distress, whether it’s in the form of a neighbor, relative, colleague, employee, customer, or supplier. However, the intensity of their difficulty may vary depending upon the kind of difficult person they are; downers, better than(s), passives, or tanks. We’ve all been there. Be it work, school or Thanksgiving dinner, we’ve all found ourselves in situations where we have been forced to interact with people we find to be “difficult”. For many of us, we’d rather eat glass than have to deal with challenging people like this but how we survive and, dare I say thrive, in these situations can separate us from the pack in both business and in life.
Why Is Dealing with Difficult People Important Whenever we are faced with unreasonably difficult people, our instinct is to react with frustration and irritation. That, however, is the ticket to destruction. It causes tension to build in the work environment and can prove a serious threat to the productivity as well as the overall stability of the work environment. Therefore, it is important to develop the skills of dealing with difficult people not only for the sake of your satisfaction but because your long term as well as short term success depends to a great extent on your ability to smoothly and successfully interact with such people. To increase the likelihood of your success in life and career, you must be savvy in dealing with such difficult behaviors. How to Improve Your Skills of Dealing with Difficult People? Since it is difficult to avoid crossing paths with difficult people, the best option is to improve your skills of dealing with difficult people in the following way:
Identify the nature of difficulty. Analyze the specific behavior causing distress and identify the kind of difficult person you need to deal with. For example, is he a ‘downer’ who is always complaining and criticizing, a ‘passive’ who never contributes anything, a ‘better than’ who believes he knows everything, or just a bossy ‘tank’. Moreover, you must also analyze whether or not the behavior is consistent because sometimes it is possible that the person is just having a bad day.
Understand them instead of trying to change them. Mostly when we come across someone with a difficult behavior, we tend to advise them to change themselves. For instance, we may try to encourage a ‘passive’ to stand up for himself or a ‘downer’ to be more positive in his thinking. This, however, only causes them to resent us. The best way is to try to understand them, their 7 The Art of Dealing with Difficult People Discover How to Identify Different Types of Difficult People and 10 Keys to Handling Them with Ease and Grace values, and whatever it is that drives their decisions. This not only helps them relax but also encourages them to be more open-minded. Identifying Difficult People Difficult people can take many forms. “Difficulty” can manifest itself in quite a few ways, oftentimes, including people who spread rumors, who find the negative in everything, those who rarely cooperate, or who don’t value the input and opinions of others. They may find every opportunity to create problems or they may simply use passive resistance to waylay your best efforts to move your agenda forward. At the end of the day, defining “difficult” is a uniquely personal thing. What is challenging to me may be a breeze for you. Understanding your personality, preferences, and triggers can help you to recognize the types of people and situations that irritate you. Several types of difficult people and how their behaviors serve to irritate others like a course grade of sandpaper: ▪ Perfectionists: If you are looking for quick results, perfectionists can be a source of frustration. ▪ Control Freaks: When you want to do things your way, overly controlling types can be a source of irritation as well. ▪ Creative People: They’re essential if generating ideas is the plan but can cause frustration when you just want to get to deliver a simple result. 8 The Art of Dealing with Difficult People Discover How to Identify Different Types of Difficult People and 10 Keys to Handling Them with Ease and Grace ▪ Shapers: Although shapers may seek to take over as and when they see fit, they can really help drive action. ▪ Aggressive or Defensive People: Assertion can help move a group forward. Aggression or defensiveness can have the opposite effect on a group’s dynamic. ▪ Submissive People: The lack of confidence and fear of failure that many submissive types display can be a source of frustration as well. Identifying the Issue Turning the situation inward and analyzing your triggers and reactions to these situations can help you to be prepared and self-aware when they arise. Elizabeth B. Brown shares several questions that you may want to reflect on in order to help you understand the root issue of why that person at work or in life is making you insane: ▪ What emotional tornadoes does the difficult person in your life spin off? ▪ How do you react to a difficult person in your life? ▪ How does your difficult person react to your reactions? ▪ If the other person is the problem, are you growing unhealthy actions and reactions in response to him or her? ▪ Are you the difficult person driving others to reactive behavior? ▪ How do others react to your actions and responses?
Feeding into our frustrations when dealing with a difficult person can become a vicious cycle. We tend to see or hear an interaction and then interpret that action based, not on fact, but on our assumptions. Then we react. Unfortunately, we usually don’t have all of the information as to why an individual may be showing up the way they are and, in the absence of factual information, we tend to fill in the blanks with our own theories about what might be going on.
The Art of Dealing with Difficult People Discover How to Identify Different Types of Difficult People and 10 Keys to Handling Them with Ease and Grace Managing Your Reactions It is all about breathing. Slow, deep breathing actually triggers something at the bottom of your spine called the Vegus nerve, which sends neurotransmitters to brain that actually calm you down. Then, take a moment to reflect on how you feel. Ask yourself questions about how you can respond to difficult person, or how you can create a good outcome from the situation. While this seems like overkill, this is an essential step to getting your brain out of its instinctual response (things like sharpness, negativity, and defensiveness). Forcing yourself to think of ways to create a good outcome makes your brain go into a more positive mode of thinking.
Leveraging Some Self-Control Know yourself. Having a clear sense of self, what causes you tension and where your limits are can serve you well when interacting with people that you find to be difficult. Staying calm and developing your awareness and emotional intelligence skills can help you to manage your reactions to frustrating situations. Seek to understand the situation. Gaining some clarity by asking questions while managing your own reactions can serve to help find a mutually satisfactory outcome. Reflecting on what you would determine as a satisfactory outcome before getting into an interaction with a difficult person can help you maintain focus on what really matters. Stick to the facts and acknowledge emotions. Using examples and stating facts as opposed to interpretations can help keep interactions with people you find difficult in check. Paraphrasing and checking for accurate understanding can also show that you hear what people are saying and that you are doing your level best to work effectively with them. Responding and stating your emotions or the impact that the person is having on you based on their behavior, if delivered correctly, can sometimes be the nudge that someone needs to realize that they are rubbing you the wrong way. Seek the advice of others. You’re not alone in this. You are not the only person who has ever had to productively interact with a difficult person. Seeking out the advice of others or finding someone to help coach you through it can be quite beneficial. Sometimes, talking it out can help you reframe the situation to a place where you can facilitate a more positive outcome. Keep records, if necessary. Sometimes, things can be so abrasive that you run the risk of hitting an end-state that you never intended. If things are to the point where interactions are toxic, it may be time to start making intentional effort to begin documenting things. If things go south, at least you have a good record of what led to that place.
Critics Certainly, there is a time and place for criticism. In fact, the best ideas and the most effective solutions often come from debate. All points of view are challenged. But difficult critics, destructive critics aren’t looking for answers. They aren’t involved in the give and take that leads to consensus and team building. They’re just critics. Or as I like to say, “Critics are spectators, not players.” I’m sure you’ve noticed. The people who won’t lift a finger to help are often the first ones to point one. Or as one disgusted husband replied when he was asked whether his wife drove, he said, “Only in an advisory capacity.” So yes, critics are non-cooperative. And their negative behavior makes it difficult for us to even want to cooperate with them.
Liars As Kim Hubbard says, “Honesty pays but it doesn’t seem to pay enough for most people.” That’s sad, but she’s probably right. Anything less than honesty makes cooperation, teamwork, and relationships difficult to build. And cooperation, teamwork, and relationships are built on trust, and trust is ALWAYS built on truth. Of course, lies come in many forms. It might be the lies that are told to impress a prospective customer or the lies that are told to keep a spouse from getting upset. Or they may be the lies that are used in job hunting. As one recruiter told me, “The closet most people come to perfection is when they fill out a job application.” Or as a former Prime Minister of Great Britain said, “There are three kinds of lies: lies, darned (I can’t say the real word) lies, and statistics.” However liars lie, they are difficult to deal with. They’re like Jason and Melinda out shopping for living room furniture. They found a set they liked but told the salesperson they couldn’t afford it. The sales person replied, “That’s no problem. You make one payment, and you don’t make another payment for a year.” Melinda asked, “Who told you about us?” The most unfortunate thing about lying is that it’s seldom necessary. And the truth — no matter how distasteful — would probably be easier for others to accept than the lies used to cover it up. As La Rochefoucauld said so wisely, “Almost all our faults are more pardonable than the methods we think up to hide them.”
You need to be in a mindset that creates a vibration of abundance, joy and positivity in order to manifest your most amazing dreams. However, especially when you first start working with the Law of Attraction, it’s not always easy to stay in that state. While the best methods to improve your mood tend to involve long-term, consistent changes in habit, sometimes you just need a fast and easy method that will help you feel better.
When you’re in the midst of your daily grind — work deadlines, to-do lists, cooking, children’s activities, cleaning and the like — you’re probably not thinking about what you could do to feel happier. There’s no time for that, and your mind is probably occupied with more pressing and more important matters. Few things are more important than happiness if you do stop to think about it. You’re missing out on living if you’re living day to day simply by going through the motions — you’re missing out on life.
To feel happier is a choice virtually everyone can make, and you can work toward it just like you would any other goal. The first step is making this choice! Feeling happy isn’t only a matter of emotional health. Positive attitudes and thoughts are able to prompt changes in your body that decrease chronic disease and pain, strengthen your immune system, and provide stress relief.
One study found that a lower risk of heart disease is associated with life satisfaction, optimism, happiness, and other positive psychological attributes of the sort. Happiness can alter your genes has been shown scientifically! A team of researchers at a renowned university showed that people with a deep sense of well-being and happiness had stronger antibody and antiviral responses and lower levels of inflammatory gene expression. Here are some reasons why you should be happy right now.
There Are People In Your Life Who Love And Depend On You Who are the most important people in your life? Chances are, you’d do anything for these folks, right? This is the place to start if you’re looking for a reason to be happy. No matter how bad life gets, there will always be someone who loves you unconditionally. Do you think your loved ones want to see you miserable and unhappy? Of course they don’t. So choose happiness for the people who love you. It will make your relationships much more enjoyable.
Life Could Change Dramatically At A Moment’s Notice The thing about life is it’s completely unpredictable. Any of us could wake up tomorrow and lose our job, lose someone we love or realize we have a life threatening disease. The point is, you never know. So don’t wait until tomorrow to be happy. Enjoy every single moment you have by choosing happiness today.
Happy People Are More Productive
Who do you think gets more accomplished in an average day? The person who is
happy, optimistic, and driven or the person who spends his energy complaining,
and venting about how his life isn’t fair?
Happy people, in general, are more likely to accomplish their goals more and are
productive than unhappy people.
The World Needs More Happy People
It seems as if every week we hear about a new tragedy that makes us question the
human spirit. Unfortunately, we live in a world where there will inevitably be
famine, destruction, poverty, and war. But here’s the thing: good always trumps
evil. A ripple effect can be created by the actions of one happy person. This effect
can literally change the world. So be the change you wish to create and choose
No matter how tired, sick, unhappy, or sad you are, there’s one thing you can still
be grateful for and that’s the fact that you’re still here. People we love leave us
unexpectedly on a regular basis.
Think about what you would do if you knew this was your last day on earth? Would
you spend it thinking and brooding about all the stuff you don’t have? Probably not.
You’d make an effort to spend time with those you love most, to laugh, relax
Happy People Have Better Relationships Married people are happier than unmarried people according to most surveys. That doesn’t mean you need to be married to attain happiness. What it means is that when you choose to be happy, you’re more likely to have better relationships with family members, friends, and other loved ones.
Happy People Are Healthier Research shows a direct correlation between happiness and health, which is another reason why you should be happy right now. Happy people tend to take better care of themselves by eating healthier and exercising more than unhappy folks.
For Better Problem-Solving Ability When you have the right attitude, you will see the solution to every problem. You will overcome difficulties and take on challenges with ease, without much ado. The ability to solve problems skillfully is very important. You see the plus of everything when you are happy. You will always find a way to solve the problem, rather than crib and harp about it. Situations will not overwhelm you and you will acquire the ability to turn things around.
You Stay Healthy and Live Longer Good health and happiness go hand in hand. You cannot be healthy if you are unhappy. One of the main ingredients of good health is being happy.
aspect is overlooked by many. Health is not just the absence of diseases. It is the overall psychological, physical and mental well-being of an individual. It is very unlikely that you will have low immunity to diseases if you are happy. Not just that! Your psychological and emotional well-being is guaranteed if you are happy all the time! Well living longer is no secret! There are few key factors: a stress-free and a healthy lifestyle, your genes, no bad habits like smoking and staying happy! You can’t do much about your genes, but I’m sure you can control the other factors. Being happy is one of the major reasons that contribute to a healthier and a longer life. You are devoid of stress when you are happy. This in turn makes you live longer!
It Boosts Your Interests And Gives A Sense Of Fulfillment If you are disappointed and depressed all the time, it will bog you down. You will be sucked into it like quicksand! You will be unable to focus on your passion and your interests, in order to develop them. You must be high on spirit In order to be able to feel your passion and develop upon it, but this will not come about unless you are satisfied and happy. Thus, being happy boosts your interests. Do you want to know what it feels like to be totally satisfied and fulfilled? Do you want to experience contentment? Then you must be happy. Be it music or love, they all give you happiness which fills you up completely. You will feel like everything is perfect, just the way it has to be! You will look at things from a new, positive perspective. You will look beyond the imperfections. You will look at the larger picture, instead of focusing on the shortcomings, which is very much essential to lead a meaningful life! So don’t wait until tomorrow… choose to be in a good mood NOW!
Your mood affects your life in various ways. ▪ Communication enables dreams to take flight. ▪ Bridges of trust and respect are built and reinforced. ▪ Attitudes create positive action in spite of fear of the unknown. ▪ Morale takes a boost. ▪ Others’ moods are lifted in optimistic confidence. ▪ Enthusiasm is found in common tasks. ▪ Productivity peaks. ▪ Safety is secured. ▪ Personal values are solid and can’t be bought out for a quick fix. ▪ Reputation is appreciated. ▪ You are driving under the influence of a positive attitude. ▪ Decision-making is seamless. ▪ Relationships deepen. ▪ You are “On your toes,” and “Your game is right on”. ▪ Others are connected heart-mind to your mission. Some health benefits of staying in a positive mood include: ▪ Strengthens your immune system. ▪ Protects your heart. ▪ Decreases aches and pains. ▪ Combats stress. Happiness Tastes Like Cotton Candy Discover The Secrets Of People Who Are Always In Good Mood & How You Can Elevate Your Mood When You Are Feeling Down 13 ▪ Lengthens our lives. ▪ Combats disease and disability. We will also share some secrets of people that are always in a good mood. Everybody knows a person who is always in a good mood. The one that’s cracking jokes at the office on a Monday morning, even before they’ve had coffee. How do they do it? You wonder. Well here’s a secret – always being in a good mood easier than you think. A study determined that 50%of one’s happiness is determined by genetics. You could take that fact and feel 50% doomed, or you could focus on the other 50% of happiness – it’s totally up to us. With that, here are 5 secrets of people who are always in a good mood:
They Forget About the Small Things You could spend your entire morning being mad at the Starbucks barista who messed up your order, but here’s a secret – you don’t have to. Sure, something small happened that wasn’t ideal, but if it’s something that you’ll end up forgetting about by the end of the day anyways, then it’s worth forgetting about now.
They Surround Themselves with Happy People It’s inevitable that there will be people in your life that can always find something to complain about. However, the people you choose to spend time with is in your control. There’s a saying that joy is contagious. A study showed that if you surround yourself with happier people, than you are more likely to be happy in the future. Happiness Tastes Like Cotton Candy Discover The Secrets Of People Who Are Always In Good Mood & How You Can Elevate Your Mood When You Are Feeling Down 14
They’re Good Listeners Everybody needs a good vent session, but listening to the thoughts of others may just be what you need to increase your happiness levels. Listening to others encourages you to hear new thoughts and will strengthen your relationships with others as they will feel a bond with you and perhaps most importantly – your knowledge levels will increase, which will also make your confidence levels increase.
They Make Time for Themselves No, this isn’t selfish. Putting aside some time for yourself during your busy day is essential to your daily happiness. Get a manicure, exercise, read a book, collect stuff or do whatever will make you happy. Once you’ve done something for yourself that you like, you’ll exude positive energy that others will vibe off of.
They Give Gratitude When It’s Earned When you’re feeling down about something, it will only take you seconds to think of something you have that you’re grateful for. It also only takes seconds to tell your co-worker “thank you” or to compliment them on what a great job they’ve been doing. Giving gratitude will improve the moods of the both of you if you just voice it. Happiness Tastes Like Cotton Candy Discover The Secrets Of People Who Are Always In Good Mood & How You Can Elevate Your Mood When You Are Feeling Down 15 25 Points On How To Boost Mood When Feeling Down.
Think Fast Accelerate your thinking – experiments conducted by Harvard University and Princeton University have shown that there’s a link between thought speed and mood. Feelings of dejection and despondency are led by slow thinking, while fast thinking has joy-enhancing effects. There are several theories as to why this is so: ▪ People associate fast thinking with happy moods, so if they’re thinking fast they trick their brains into believing that they must be happy. ▪ Thought speed may increase dopaminergic activity which is associated with experiences of reward and pleasure. ▪ Fast thoughts distract you from thinking about the person, event, or circumstance that made you feel bad in the first place. In order to get yourself thinking fast, you can do any of the following: ▪ Give yourself a brainstorming task. For example, tell yourself that you have three minutes to come up with 100 possible titles for an eBook you’re thinking of writing. ▪ Watch a video in accelerated mode. ▪ Take out a book and speed read. ▪ If you have any poems memorized, recite the poem quickly in your heard. ▪ The next time you feel your mood taking a nosedive, elicit fast thinking.
Make Yourself Smile You may have read the following quote by Buddhist monk Thich Nhat Hanh: “Sometimes your joy is the source of your smile, but sometimes your smile can be the source of your joy.” A well-known university professor wholeheartedly agrees with Nhat Hanh. He’s spent his entire professional life studying the connection between feeling and behavior, and he argues that we can make ourselves happy just by smiling. Plus, he has research to back this up. He conducted a study involving two groups of participants: ▪ One group of participants was told to smile. ▪ The other group was told to frown. Afterwards, both groups were shown cartoons. The group that was asked to smile found the cartoons funnier than the frowners did. The professor wrote in his conclusions to the study that the simple act of smiling seems to activate happiness centers in the brain. Smiling does all of the following: ▪ It activates the release of neuropeptides that work toward fighting off stress. ▪ It promotes the release of the feel good neurotransmitters endorphin and dopamine. ▪ It promotes the release of serotonin which serves as a mood lifter. Happiness Tastes Like Cotton Candy Discover The Secrets Of People Who Are Always In Good Mood & How You Can Elevate Your Mood When You Are Feeling Down 17 Scientists believe that expressions and emotions happen at exactly the same time, so if one gets triggered, the other gets automatically triggered as well. It therefore follows, that smiling, or seeing a smile, even when you don’t feel happy could stimulate happy thoughts, or vice versa. We’ve all heard that when you smile the world smiles with you, but apparently there’s another reason to turn that frown upside down. Even if you use your fingers to prop up the sides of your mouth into a pseudo-smile, you’ll help banish those blues. Scientists have documented the physical release that happens when these facial muscles, along with the thin bones of the face, are moved. They found that smiling releases serotonin and dopamine in the brain, sparking a feeling of happiness. This means that by deliberately changing our facial expressions, we can improve our psychological and physiological states. Some do’s and don’ts of smiling. Do’s ▪ Remind yourself to smile. ▪ Stick your smile to a prop. ▪ Picture places and moments that give you peace. ▪ Know perspective is paramount
Don’t ▪ Be influenced by negativity. ▪ Forget to laugh. ▪ Picture negative memories. ▪ Miss the present moment. So, the next time you wake up on the wrong side of the bed, have a difficult task, or just feel stressed, smile for a while and see how your mood can change for the better.
Have A Hearty Laugh Laughing makes us feel good. It lowers stress hormones and elevates feel-good hormones. So, if you need a quick mood pick-me-up, do any of the following: ▪ Call someone who makes you laugh. ▪ Think back to the last time you laughed really hard–the memory is likely to trigger some chuckles. ▪ Try a laughter exercise. Quietly repeat the sounds “ho, ho, ho, ha, ha, ha, he, he,he, hee, hee, hee” as you carry out a habitual task, like showering, washing the dishes, or making coffee. ▪ Look for something funny on the internet. The health benefits of humor and laughter: ▪ Laughter relaxes the whole body. A good, hearty laugh relieves physical tension and stress, leaving your muscles relaxed for up to 45 minutes after. Happiness Tastes Like Cotton Candy Discover The Secrets Of People Who Are Always In Good Mood & How You Can Elevate Your Mood When You Are Feeling Down 19 ▪ Laughter boosts the immune system. Laughter increases infection-fighting antibodies and immune cells and decreases stress hormones, thus improving your resistance to disease. ▪ Laughter triggers the release of endorphins, the body’s natural feel-good chemicals. Endorphins can temporarily relieve pain and even promote an overall sense of well-being. ▪ Laughter protects the heart. Laughter improves the function of blood vessels and increases blood flow, which can help protect you against a heart attack and other cardiovascular problems. ▪ Laughter burns calories. Going to the gym is not something that can be replaced with laughter, but according to one study, 10 to 15 minutes of daily laughter can burn about 40 calories. This means that over the course of a year, you’d lose about 3 to 4 pounds of weight. ▪ Laughter lightens anger’s heavy load. Nothing conflicts faster and diffuses anger than a shared laugh. Looking at the funny side can enable you to move on from confrontations and put problems into perspective without holding onto resentment or bitterness. ▪ Laughter may even help you to live longer. A study found that people with a strong sense of humor outlived those who didn’t laugh as much. Laugh the next time you need a quick fix to fix your mood.
Indulge In Some Dark Chocolate Dark chocolate—which has a higher content of cocoa butter and less milk than other forms of chocolate—is not only delicious, but it will also help you to improve your mood. Here are some reasons why eating dark chocolate is so incredibly beneficial:
▪ Dark chocolate contains tryptophan, an amino acid precursor to serotonin, the neurotransmitter of positive mood and happiness. ▪ Dark chocolate is the main food source of anandamide, a neurotransmitter which is very similar to the primary psychoactive component in marijuana. ▪ Dark chocolate contains phenylethylamine, a compound which creates a brain buzz similar to being in love. A rise in adrenaline can be caused by the crappy, sugar-loaded kind (and anxiety, crankiness, and hyperactivity as a result), while a few squares of good-quality, rich dark chocolate can boost your mood. As a powerful source of polyphenols and flavonoids, dark chocolate has been found to improve contentedness and calmness. Dark chocolate is a powerful brain booster. This delicious brain food can improve your concentration, focus, and overall brain health. It can even make you happier. It can protect your brain against oxidation and aging and help keep fully functioning and fit for a lifetime. Choose the darkest chocolate that you enjoy to get the most health benefits.
Schizoaffective disorder is a chronic mental health condition characterized primarily by symptoms of schizophrenia, such as hallucinations or delusions, and symptoms of a mood disorder, such as mania and depression.
Reading NAMI’s content on schizophrenia and bipolar disorder will offer many overlapping resources for schizoaffective disorder. Because schizoaffective disorder is less well-studied than the other two conditions, many interventions are borrowed from their treatment approaches.
Many people with schizoaffective disorder are often incorrectly diagnosed at first with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia because it shares symptoms of multiple mental health conditions.
Schizoaffective disorder is seen in about 0.3% of the population. Men and women experience schizoaffective disorder at the same rate, but men often develop the illness at an earlier age. Schizoaffective disorder can be managed effectively with medication and therapy. Co-occurring substance use disorders are a serious risk and require integrated treatment.
The symptoms of schizoaffective disorder can be severe and need to be monitored closely. Depending on the type of mood disorder diagnosed, depression or bipolar disorder, people will experience different symptoms:
Hallucinations, which are seeing or hearing things that aren’t there.
Delusions, which are false, fixed beliefs that are held regardless of contradictory evidence.
Disorganized thinking. A person may switch very quickly from one topic to another or provide answers that are completely unrelated.
Depressed mood. If a person has been diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder depressive type they will experience feelings of sadness, emptiness, feelings of worthlessness or other symptoms of depression.
Manic behavior. If a person has been diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder: bipolar type they will experience feelings of euphoria, racing thoughts, increased risky behavior and other symptoms of mania.
The exact cause of schizoaffective disorder is unknown. A combination of causes may contribute to the development of schizoaffective disorder.
Genetics. Schizoaffective disorder tends to run in families. This does not mean that if a relative has an illness, you will absolutely get it. But it does mean that there is a greater chance of you developing the illness.
Brain chemistry and structure. Brain function and structure may be different in ways that science is only beginning to understand. Brain scans are helping to advance research in this area.
Stress. Stressful events such as a death in the family, end of a marriage or loss of a job can trigger symptoms or an onset of the illness.
Drug use. Psychoactive drugs such as LSD have been linked to the development of schizoaffective disorder.
Schizoaffective disorder can be difficult to diagnose because it has symptoms of both schizophrenia and either depression or bipolar disorder. There are two major types of schizoaffective disorder: bipolar type and depressive type. To be diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder a person must have the following symptoms.
A period during which there is a major mood disorder, either depression or mania, that occurs at the same time that symptoms of schizophrenia are present.
Delusions or hallucinations for two or more weeks in the absence of a major mood episode.
Symptoms that meet criteria for a major mood episode are present for the majority of the total duration of the illness.
The abuse of drugs or a medication are not responsible for the symptoms.
Doctors and other mental health professionals will often prescribe medications to relieve symptoms of psychosis, stabilize mood and treat depression. The only medication approved by the FDA to treat schizoaffective disorder is the antipsychotic drug paliperidone (Invega).
However, some medications approved for the treatment of other mental health conditions may be helpful for schizoaffective disorder. These medications include:
Antipsychotics. A health care provider will prescribe antipsychotics to relieve symptoms of psychosis, such as delusions and hallucinations.
Antidepressants. When schizoaffective disorder is depressive-type antidepressants can alleviate feelings of sadness, despair and trouble concentrating.
Mood stabilizers. When bipolar disorder is the underlying mood disorder, mood stabilizers can help stabilize the highs and lows.
Family involvement, psychosocial strategies, self-care peer support, psychotherapy and integrated care for co-occurring substance abuse can all be part of an individual support plan.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps change the negative thinking and behavior associated with feelings of depression. The goal of this therapy is to recognize negative thoughts and to teach coping strategies. With conditions like schizoaffective disorder that have symptoms of psychosis, additional cognitive therapy is added to basic CBT (CBTp). CBTp helps people develop coping strategies for persistent symptoms that do not respond to medicine.
Alternative Treatment Options
For cases where medication and psychotherapy do not work for a person with schizoaffective disorder, ECT may be worth considering. ECT involves transmitting short electrical impulses into the brain. Although ECT is a highly effective treatment for severe depression, it is not the first choice in treating schizoaffective disorder.
Research has shown that African Americans and Latinos are more likely to be misdiagnosed with schizoaffective disorder, so people who have been diagnosed should make sure that their mental health professional understands their background and shares their expectations for treatment.
Owner and Founder At The Goddess Bibles A Memoir By Laura Zukerman
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that interferes with a person’s ability to think clearly, manage emotions, make decisions and relate to others. It is a complex, long-term medical illness, affecting about 1% of Americans. Although schizophrenia can occur at any age, the average age of onset tends to be in the late teens to the early 20s for men, and the late 20s to early 30s for women. It is uncommon for schizophrenia to be diagnosed in a person younger than 12 or older than 40. It is possible to live well with schizophrenia.
It can be difficult to diagnose schizophrenia in teens. This is because the first signs can include a change of friends, a drop in grades, sleep problems, and irritability—common and nonspecific adolescent behavior. Other factors include isolating oneself and withdrawing from others, an increase in unusual thoughts and suspicions, and a family history of psychosis. In young people who develop schizophrenia, this stage of the disorder is called the “prodromal” period.
With any condition, it’s essential to get a comprehensive medical evaluation in order to obtain the best diagnosis. For a diagnosis of schizophrenia, some of the following symptoms are present in the context of reduced functioning for a least 6 months:
Hallucinations. These include a person hearing voices, seeing things, or smelling things others can’t perceive. The hallucination is very real to the person experiencing it, and it may be very confusing for a loved one to witness. The voices in the hallucination can be critical or threatening. Voices may involve people that are known or unknown to the person hearing them.
Delusions. These are false beliefs that don’t change even when the person who holds them is presented with new ideas or facts. People who have delusions often also have problems concentrating, confused thinking, or the sense that their thoughts are blocked.
Negative symptoms are ones that diminish a person’s abilities. Negative symptoms often include being emotionally flat or speaking in a dull, disconnected way. People with the negative symptoms may be unable to start or follow through with activities, show little interest in life, or sustain relationships. Negative symptoms are sometimes confused with clinical depression.
Cognitive issues/disorganized thinking. People with the cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia often struggle to remember things, organize their thoughts or complete tasks. Commonly, people with schizophrenia have anosognosiaor “lack of insight.” This means the person is unaware that he has the illness, which can make treating or working with him much more challenging.
Research suggests that schizophrenia may have several possible causes:
Genetics. Schizophrenia isn’t caused by just one genetic variation, but a complex interplay of genetics and environmental influences. While schizophrenia occurs in 1% of the general population, having a history of family psychosis greatly increases the risk. Schizophrenia occurs at roughly 10% of people who have a first-degree relative with the disorder, such as a parent or sibling. The highest risk occurs when an identical twin is diagnosed with schizophrenia. The unaffected twin has a roughly 50% chance of developing the disorder.
Environment. Exposure to viruses or malnutrition before birth, particularly in the first and second trimesters has been shown to increase the risk of schizophrenia. Inflammation or autoimmune diseases can also lead to increased immune system
Brain chemistry. Problems with certain brain chemicals, including neurotransmitters called dopamine and glutamate, may contribute to schizophrenia. Neurotransmitters allow brain cells to communicate with each other. Networks of neurons are likely involved as well.
Substance use. Some studies have suggested that taking mind-altering drugs during teen years and young adulthood can increase the risk of schizophrenia. A growing body of evidence indicates that smoking marijuana increases the risk of psychotic incidents and the risk of ongoing psychotic experiences. The younger and more frequent the use, the greater the risk. Another study has found that smoking marijuana led to earlier onset of schizophrenia and often preceded the manifestation of the illness.
Diagnosing schizophrenia is not easy. Sometimes using drugs, such as methamphetamines or LSD, can cause a person to have schizophrenia-like symptoms. The difficulty of diagnosing this illness is compounded by the fact that many people who are diagnosed do not believe they have it. Lack of awareness is a common symptom of people diagnosed with schizophrenia and greatly complicates treatment.
While there is no single physical or lab test that can diagnosis schizophrenia, a health care provider who evaluates the symptoms and the course of a person’s illness over six months can help ensure a correct diagnosis. The health care provider must rule out other factors such as brain tumors, possible medical conditions and other psychiatric diagnoses, such as bipolar disorder.
To be diagnosed with schizophrenia, a person must have two or more of the following symptoms occurring persistently in the context of reduced functioning:
Disorganized or catatonic behavior
Delusions or hallucinations alone can often be enough to lead to a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Identifying it as early as possible greatly improves a person’s chances of managing the illness, reducing psychotic episodes, and recovering. People who receive good care during their first psychotic episode are admitted to the hospital less often, and may require less time to control symptoms than those who don’t receive immediate help. The literature on the role of medicines early in treatment is evolving, but we do know that psychotherapy is essential.
People can describe symptoms in a variety of ways. How a person describes symptoms often depends on the cultural lens she is looking through. African Americans and Latinos are more likely to be misdiagnosed, probably due to differing cultural or religious beliefs or language barriers. Any person who has been diagnosed with schizophrenia should try to work with a health care professional that understands his or her cultural background and shares the same expectations for treatment.
With medication, psychosocial rehabilitation, and family support, the symptoms of schizophrenia can be reduced. People with schizophrenia should get treatment as soon as the illness starts showing, because early detection can reduce the severity of their symptoms.
Recovery while living with schizophrenia is often seen over time, and involves a variety of factors including self-learning, peer support, school and work and finding the right supports and treatment.
Typically, a health care provider will prescribe antipsychotics to relieve symptoms of psychosis, such as delusions and hallucinations. Due to lack of awareness of having an illness and the serious side effects of medication used to treat schizophrenia, people who have been prescribed them are often hesitant to take them.
First Generation (Typical) Antipsychotics
These medications can cause serious movement problems that can be short (dystonia) or long term (called tardive dyskinesia), and also muscle stiffness. Other side effects can also occur.
Second Generation (Atypical) Antipsychotics
These medications are called atypical because they are less likely to block dopamine and cause movement disorders. They do, however, increase the risk of weight gain and diabetes. Changes in nutrition and exercise, and possibly medication intervention, can help address these side effects.
One unique second generation antipsychotic medication is called clozapine. It is the only FDA approved antipsychotic medication for the treatment of refractory schizophrenia and has been the only one indicated to reduce thoughts of suicide. However, it does have multiple medical risks in addition to these benefits. Read a more complete discussion of these risk and benefits.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for some people with affective disorders. With more serious conditions, including those with psychosis, additional cognitive therapy is added to basic CBT (CBTp). CBTp helps people develop coping strategies for persistent symptoms that do not respond to medicine.
Supportive psychotherapy is used to help a person process his experience and to support him in coping while living with schizophrenia. It is not designed to uncover childhood experiences or activate traumatic experiences, but is rather focused on the here and now.
Cognitive Enhancement Therapy (CET) works to promote cognitive functioning and confidence in one’s cognitive ability. CET involves a combination of computer based brain training and group sessions. This is an active area of research in the field at this time.
People who engage in therapeutic interventions often see improvement, and experience greater mental stability. Psychosocial treatments enable people to compensate for or eliminate the barriers caused by their schizophrenia and learn to live successfully. If a person participates in psychosocial rehabilitation, she is more likely to continue taking their medication and less likely to relapse. Some of the more common psychosocial treatments include:
Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) provides comprehensive treatment for people with serious mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia. Unlike other community-based programs that connect people with mental health or other services, ACT provides highly individualized services directly to people with mental illness. Professionals work with people with schizophrenia and help them meet the challenges of daily life. ACT professionals also address problems proactively, prevent crises, and ensure medications are taken.
Peer support groups like NAMI Peer-to-Peer encourage people’s involvement in their recovery by helping them work on social skills with others.
Complementary Health Approaches
Omega-3 fatty acids, commonly found in fish oil, have shown some promise for treating and managing schizophrenia. Some researchers believe that omega-3 may help treat mental illness because of its ability to help replenish neurons and connections in affected areas of the brain.
Physical Health. People with schizophrenia are subject to many medical risks, including diabetes and cardiovascular problems, and also smoking and lung disease. For this reason, coordinated and active attention to medical risks is essential.
Substance Abuse. About 25% of people with schizophrenia also abuse substances such as drugs or alcohol. Substance abuse can make the treatments for schizophrenia less effective, make people less likely to follow their treatment plans, and even worsen their symptoms.
Owner and Founder At The Goddess Bibles A Memoir By Laura Zukerman